Why Is Dubai Creating Underwater Resorts And Reclaimed Islands? (Question)

Why is Dubai creating underwater resorts and reclaimed islands? Dubai wants to have the most extravagant resorts in the world.

Is this statement true or false in India Gandhi is known as the father of the nation and his birthday is celebrated as a national holiday?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2nd October every year to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was famously known as Mahatma Gandhi. Father of the Nation, as he was called, led India’s freedom movement along with many other national leaders against the British rule in India.

What is the current source of tension between India and Pakistan?

As the boundary between India and Pakistan cut across many of the river’s tributaries, an upstream-downstream power structure emerged, which has been the source of tensions between the two countries, particularly in response to dam projects in Indian-administered territory (see Kishanganga Dam conflict).

What was the most aggressive revolt of the Indian National Congress quizlet?

What was the purpose of the Dandi Salt March in April, 1930? It was the most aggressive revolt of the Indian National Congress. Its aim was gaining the complete exit of the British from India.

Which of the following groups is called separate nation pakistan?

Muslim League, original name All India Muslim League, political group that led the movement calling for a separate Muslim nation to be created at the time of the partition of British India (1947). The Muslim League was founded in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims.

What is the full name of Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. 5

What is the interesting way Dubai is dealing with an expanding population and a lack of space?

What is the interesting way Dubai is dealing with an expanding population and a lack of space? Dubai’s population is growing so incredibly fast and its land area is so small that they have come up with an interesting plan to accommodate more people and do it in quite an extravagant way!

Has Pakistan won any war against India?

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 The hostilities between the two countries ended after a ceasefire was declared following diplomatic intervention by the Soviet Union and USA and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration. India had the upper hand over Pakistan when the ceasefire was declared.

When did India stop water in Pakistan?

The Indus basin water dispute had its basis in the partition of Punjab. It occurred on April 1, 1948, when East Punjab in India discontinued the flow of cannel waters to West Punjab that became a huge threat of dearth and loss of crops in West Punjab.

Can India build dam on Indus?

This Dam, to generate maximum electric power, will be of the storage type, as against run of the river types dams, as laid down in the Indus Water Treaty,( IWT ) which India can build on the three Western rivers, namely Indus, Jhelum and Chenab. So the plan to build this dam never materialized.

Why is Dubai creating underwater resorts and reclaimed islands quizlet?

Why is Dubai creating underwater resorts and reclaimed islands? Dubai’s population is growing at a very fast pace, some say too fast. Dubai wants to have the most extravagant resorts in the world.

What was the average wealth of a person in India in 2000?

The per capita (average) wealth of an Indian adult in 2000 was $1,826. However, in the span of 18 years, it grew to $7,024 in 2018. In the last 18 years, the average wealth increase by $5,198 or 2.84 times, which Credit Suisse considers as a fair growth.

Why does the violence against Dalits continue throughout India?

The violence against Dalits continues throughout India because of lack of enforcement of laws prohibiting violence against Dalits. What is a concern related to the artificial development of islands in the middle east? Islands will take too long to build before they are inhabitable.

What is the Manchester of Pakistan?

Faisalabad contributes over 5% toward Pakistan’s annual GDP; therefore, it is often referred to as the “Manchester of Pakistan”.

What does the word Pakistan mean?

The name Pakistan means literally ” a land abounding in the pure” or “a land in which the pure abound”, in Urdu and Persian. It references the word پاک (pāk), meaning “pure” in Persian and Pashto.

Who coined the name Pakistan?

In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).

Why is Dubai creating underwater resorts and reclaimed islands? Dubai has an incredible amount of – Brainly.com

Fault block mountains, slanted mountains, and volcanic mountains were the three primary kinds of mountains identified by Patrick. What changes are required to Patrick’s list in order for it to be corrected? A. Folded.should take the place of volcanic. B. The lifted should take the position of the fault blocked C. Lifted should be used instead of titledD. Folded should be used instead of named This weekend, how much snow may be predicted in St. Louis, Missouri. Where may these columns of rock be located on the planet, and in what geologic strata can they occur?

What draws individuals to Orangeburg City as a place to live?

and finished at 3:15 p.m.

What was the duration of the meeting?

  • The species existed in Africa around 4.4 million years ago.
  • The characteristics of this newly found species are a fascinating blend.
  • It has no resemblance to any of the extant ape species, which shows that the current ape species (including humans) have evolved to be better adapted to their respective environmental situations during the course of evolution.
  • Forensic anthropology is a branch of human biology that studies the study of forensic anthropology.
  • Paleoanthropology d.
  • Paleoanthropology If so, does the research include any themes that would be of interest to scholars in fields other than anthropology, such as biology, geology, psychology, medicine, sociology, or criminology?
  • Which of the following disciplines would be most applicable in this situation?
  • What is the relationship between this research and human evolution?
  • Acceptable risk is the level of danger that we are willing to accept in a certain scenario.
  • Following their separation from Endeavour’s cargo hold, the Russian-built Zarya (on the left, if the picture is held horizontally) and United States-built Unity modules are photographed against the darkness of space.and the Earth’s horizon, respectively.

Identify which of the following words would serve as the best substitute for the highlighted word in the phrase above. The following are examples of objects: a. required b. segments c. mobiles d. Discussion of drought avoidance and drought preparation techniques in paragraph three. ​

Dubai’s Man-made Islands: Everything You Need to Know

They were conceived by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the United Arab Emirates’ prime minister and Emir of Dubai, who is the driving force behind these gigantic projects, which are intended to boost tourism and expand Dubai’s coastline. So, how exactly did the islands come to be? Land reclamation is a procedure that requires dredging sand from the Persian and Arabian Gulf’s floors, which is known as dredging. The sand was then sprayed and “vibro-compacted” into shape with GPS technology to ensure precision, and it was encased by millions of tons of granite for protection during the process.

Thanks to Visit Dubai for providing this image.

The Palm Islands: Palm Jumeirah and Palm Jebel Ali

It is perhaps the most well-known of the group, and it is suitably designed like a palm tree, with a trunk and 17 fronds. It is encircled by an approximately 7-mile-long crescent-shaped island that is home toAtlantis, The Palm and the Dubai Mall (just one of many luxury hotels and resorts that dot the archipelago). Nakheel Properties initiated the project in 2001, and it eventually resulted in the addition of 40 kilometers of much-needed beaches. Currently, visitors may get to the Palm Jumeirah from Dubai’s mainland by a railway, and an underwater tunnel connects the topmost frond of the palm to the crescent.

Regis Dubai and the Nakheel Mall, are among the upcoming debuts on the Palm Jumeirah.

There’s no need to be content with Google Earth views when you can appreciate the craftsmanship while free-falling over it at 120 mph on an askydiving expedition.

Nakheel has now assured reporters that the development of Jebel Ali is not a “one-time effort,” but rather a “long-term endeavor.” Upon completion, the island will be 50 percent larger than Palm Jumeirah and will have villas, a water park, and six marinas, as well as expansive boardwalks shaped like the lines of a poem composed by Sheikh Mohammed himself, among other amenities.

Deira Islands

The concept of a third Palm Island, Palm Deira, which would be eight times the size of Palm Jumeirah and dwarf the other two, was first floated in 2004 and has since gained traction. But in 2013, Nakheel changed course and renamed the project Deira Islands, intending to construct four smaller, man-made islands instead of the original eight. After a long wait, Deira’s first large-scale debut will take place in late 2018, when its Night Souk, the world’s largest (of course) night market, will open its doors to over 5,000 stores and around 100 restaurants and cafés.

The mall will serve as the focal point of Deira Islands Boulevard, which will also have retail space and at least 16 residential buildings, among other things.

By 2020, it is hoped that two of the four islands will have been created and finished, with a total population of 250,000 people living on them. Dubai, United Arab Emirates is known as “The World.” Photograph courtesy of Motivate Publishing/Getty Images

The World

The Globe (another Nakheel project) began in 2003 and comprises of 300 little islands that have been arranged to form a world map of sorts. The World’s progress has been stalled as a result of the 2008 financial crisis, which was another casualty. Unfortunately, NASA photos showed that the islands were sinking back into the water by 2013, and only Greenland and Lebanon had been built by that time. While this erosion problem continues to plague The World, developer Kleindienst Group is hopeful that the introduction of The Heart of Europe by 2020 will help to bring the project back to life in a significant manner.

The island of St.

Bluewaters is a residential neighborhood in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.


Meraas Holdings is giving Nakheel a run for its money with the Bluewatersproject, which began in 2013 and is now underway. Bluewaters is hoping to become Dubai’s family-friendly tourism destination by late 2018 or early 2019. With an observation wheel, Ain Dubai, that will put the London Eye to shame — you got it, it will be the world’s largest — the development will be completed by late 2018 or early 2019. More than 200 retail and dining establishments, apartment complexes and townhouses, and hotels with direct beach access will be spread over the island’s several zones, according to the plan.

Photograph courtesy of Jonathan Gainer/Getty Images

Burj Al Arab

Was it ever brought to your attention that one of Dubai’s most iconic landmarks is situated on its very own man-made island? In order to support the Burj Al Arab Jumeirah, which stands at 1,053 feet (only a few feet short of the Empire State Building), 250 underwater columns linked together by sand are used. It was completed in 1999, after spending two years reclaiming its land. The Burj offers a private beach for its guests, a helipad, and an expansive outdoor deck that looks out over the ocean, all of which are advantages of having an entire island to one’s selves.

The benefits and downsides of building into the sea

The advantages and disadvantages of building into the ocean As metropolitan areas get more crowded, the cost of developing new land and even floating dwellings is becoming more affordable – but is this creating a problem for the future?

Upcoming event

This article is part of a series inspired by the topics and speakers who will be speaking at the World-Changing Ideas Summit in Sydney on November 15th, hosted by BBC Future. Learn more about the awe-inspiring individuals that will be attending the gathering, including:

  • The issues and presenters at the World-Changing Ideas Summit in Sydney on November 15th served as inspiration for this piece, which is part of a series. You may learn more about the people who will be attending the meeting and who will be inspiring, such as the following:

+ a long list of others Cities all throughout the world are encroaching on the sea’s edge ever closer. Plans are in the works to develop massive islands and massive structures in coastal regions, which will involve the dredging and dumping of millions of tonnes of material. Is it possible to predict what will happen to ocean life and ecosystems as we continue to expand our presence in the ocean? This is one of the topics that will be explored at the World-Changing Ideas Summit, which will be held in Sydney in November and hosted by the BBC Future.

  • Since the beginning of the development of harbors, cities have been expanding their reach deeper into the ocean.
  • Building up the coastline in almost every coastal province in China is underway, whether by dumping dirt from the mainland, dredging it up from further out to sea, or blocking river estuaries and allowing silt to pile up is being done.
  • Their zeal for reclamation has resulted in their becoming the world’s top importer of sand and gravel.
  • A total of 110 million cubic metres of dredged sand was used in the construction of the aesthetically magnificent and wholly artificial Palm Jumeirah archipelago, which serves as a residence for the obscenely affluent.
  • The introduction of construction materials into the water can have a negative impact on ocean ecosystems.
  • Emma Johnston, a professor at the University of South Wales who will be presenting at BBC Future’s World-Changing Ideas Summit, believes that we should think more about the impact of’marine urban sprawl’ on the environment.
  • She and her colleagues estimate that manmade buildings have been constructed over more than half of the natural coastlines of certain estuaries in Australia, the United States, and Europe, according to their research.

Marine organisms and their habitats are harmed as a result of this, with coral reefs being destroyed, which provide food for fisheries and protect the coastline from the more severe impact of the waves, as well as the destabilization of many important coastal ecosystems such as salt flats and mangroves.

  1. Reports have surfaced that Dubai’s Palm Jumeirah archipelago is genuinely sinking, according to certain sources.
  2. The continuous shaking might result in a process known as liquefaction, in which the once-solid sediments of reclaimed lands liquefy as a result of the shaking.
  4. It has been particularly contentious in recent years because many of the new islands are being used to house military facilities.
  5. Despite the fact that China claims sovereignty over these new islands, a number of countries, notably the United States and Australia, do not recognize this claim.
  6. China’s ambitions to expand its land holdings have sparked international debate.
  7. It’s not impossible to do so.

Residents of the Tonle Sap freshwater lake in Cambodia live in floating cottages on the water.

The construction of more sophisticated floating houses is becoming increasingly popular across the world, particularly in flood-prone nations such as the Netherlands.

The results have been overwhelmingly positive.


Bond villain and megalomaniac (aren’t they all?

Although Karl Stromberg’s novel The Spy Who Loved Me had a vision of a new undersea society, we haven’t gotten very far with it in practice.

Jacques-Yves Cousteau and his colleagues established one of the first underwater homes in 1962, which is still in use today.

A month later, they established a tiny community beneath the seafloor of the Red Sea, which was subsequently succeeded by Conshelf III, which was created one hundred metres below the surface near Nice in France and was home to six oceanauts for three weeks at a time.

And Florida International University continues to maintain a facility named Aquarius, nine kilometers off the coast of Key Largo, with room for six researchers, a galley, and a laboratory area for study.

Underwater hotels are being considered for locations in Australia, Dubai, the United States, and the South Pacific.

The Water Discus Hotel will be comprised of an underwater and an above-water ‘disc,’ with a connected vertical shaft that will prevent decompression concerns from occurring.

By like us on Facebook, you can join our 700,000+ Future lovers, or you can follow us onTwitter, Google+, LinkedIn, and Instagram.

Please subscribe to the weekly bbc.com features email, “If You Only Read 6 Things This Week,” if you like this story. Every Friday, you’ll receive a curated selection of articles from BBC Future, Earth, Culture, Capital, Travel, and Autos, sent directly to your email.

What happened to Dubai man-made islands?

Luca Burbano is the author of this work. Since the beginning of the building of the man-made islands of Dubai, which have grown to become the world’s biggest artificial archipelago, it has been twenty years. Although it was widely publicized as the crowning achievement of the United Emirate’s urban development, the tale that unfolded two decades later was quite different from what the creators had envisioned. Islands that have not been built, abandoned projects, and the water regaining its place are all examples of this.

The current state of the islands

A flurry of urban construction erupted in Dubai at the start of the twenty-first century, establishing the Arab Emirate as the capital of oddities and architectural landmarks. Building the Palm Islands, which were subsequently joined by the archipelagos of The World and The Universe, which are still under development, was the most ambitious undertaking undertaken at the time. There are a total of five man-made archipelagos that have been recovered from the sea and are being marketed as a luxury refuge of sorts.

  • The Palm Islands are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, and Palm Deira are the three palms that make up this structure. This has resulted in an expansion of 320 kilometers in the length of Dubai’s beach area, which now measures 5.6 kilometers, 8.4 kilometers, and 46 kilometers. When the first tourists arrived in December 2020, Deira was the most developed of the three, with Jebel Ali still under construction and Jumeirah being the least developed. The entire world. There are 300 islands in this group that constitute the map of the planet. Its 9.34 km2 have resulted in an increase of 232 kilometers of shoreline. Despite the fact that the project was began 17 years ago, it has not yet been completed, and it is the one that has had the most difficulties
  • The Universe. An attempt at a reproduction of the constellations, which is expected to be finished between 2023-2028

Islands of the Palms Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, and Palm Deira are the three palms that make up the structure. Each of them measures 5.6 km2, 8.4 km2, and 46.35 km2, and they have extended Dubai’s beach area by 320 kilometers. Deira is scheduled to welcome its first tourists in December 2020, while Jebel Ali is still under construction and Jumeirah is the most developed of the three developments. The Whole Wide World, to be precise. A collection of 300 islands that constitute the world’s map.

Despite the fact that it was begun 17 years ago, the project has not yet been completed, and it is the one that has encountered the most difficulties; the Universe.

First problem: oil and financial crisis

Initially, the financial and real estate crisis of 2008, followed by the collapse in oil prices in 2014, which fuelled the Emirate’s economy, had a detrimental influence on the feasibility of this macro-project. The timeline of events is lengthy and complicated, but it may be described as follows: private investors who backed out, million-dollar debts accumulated by the developer, litigation, and construction activity that has been paused with no set timetable for resumption. The difficulties continue to exist now.

Property values in the United Kingdom have fallen by 15% since the end of 2014.

The World: at risk of sinking

Continuing with The World, the maritime business Penguin Marine issued a warning in 2010 that this collection of archipelagos was on the verge of sinking back into the sea. The corporation, which was in charge of providing logistics and transportation services to the islands, took measurements on a regular basis for the purpose of safety. The primary reason for this is that the sand that had been removed from the seabed to construct the 300 archipelagos was gradually returning to its original location.

Also as a result of this, passage between the islands’ waterways became difficult.

It was also sinking at a pace of five millimeters every year, according to NASA data, according to the Palm Jumeirah.

Premature erosion of the construction materials

Although Dubai is surrounded by desert, marine sand was used to construct the artificial islands, as it is more suitable for this type of construction due to its compact nature.According to the conclusions reached by the researcherBayyinah Salahuddin from environmental studies presented at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Center, Dubai’s beaches lose between 10,000 and 15,000 cubic meters of sand per year.

Consequently, over a five-year period, the movement of marine sediment deposits has increased by 40 kilometers, burying oyster beds and causing irreversible damage to coral on the sea floor.

Rising sea levels

This is a problem that does not only affect Dubai. It was predicted in 2017 by the Abu Dhabi Environment Agency (ADEA) that sea levels will rise by 9 meters in the worst-case scenario due to the impacts of climate change, which would be devastating for Dubai and its man-made islands. A total of around 85 percent of the population of the United Arab Emirates lives in coastal areas. The islands are encircled by a massive wave breaker, which serves to shelter them from the elements. Due to its low elevation of barely 2 meters above sea level, it provides inhabitants and visitors with unbroken vistas.

Long term, this barrier is unlikely to be sufficient even in the worst-case scenario, let alone in the most hopeful one.

It is not clear if the increased rate of development that occurred in Dubai during the first decade of the twenty-first century, as well as the pollution connected with this activity, contributed to the warming of the city or of the Persian Gulf.

Paul Catalano is a writer and musician from New York City.

The Artificial Islands of Dubai: Palm Jumeirah and more

Home»Satellite Images»The Dubai Islands, which were built artificially

There are hundreds of man-made islands in the Persian Gulf.

In February 2009, a satellite image of Dubai’s manmade islands was captured. Palm Jebel Ali, Palm Jumeirah, and The World are seen from left to right. Jesse Allen developed the NASA picture used on this page. To see a larger version, click here. The Palm Jumeirah is the world’s biggest artificial archipelago, constructed for the purpose of recreation and tourism. In this false-color satellite picture from 2010, the vegetation looks to be red. Dubai relies on desalination facilities to provide freshwater for irrigation, which allows the city to have a large number of trees, gardens, and even golf courses as a result.

To see a larger version, click here.

Some of the World’s Largest Man-Made Islands

An artificial island development project is underway off the coast of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, that will create some of the world’s biggest structures. These include the Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, the Deira Islands, and the World Islands, amongst other structures. Dubai is the most populated city and emirate in the United Arab Emirates, and it is also the most prosperous. A popular tourist attraction for rich visitors, the islands were built in order to increase the amount of beachfront real estate available in the area around the city.

The Palm Jumeirah is one of the world’s biggest manmade islands, covering more than 1,380 acres (5.6 square kilometers / 2.2 square miles) and occupying a land area of more than 5.6 square kilometers / 2.2 square miles.

Other notable construction projects in Dubai include Bluewaters Island (which is home to the Dubai Eye, the world’s biggest observation wheel), and the Burj Al Arab Jumeirah (the world’s most luxurious hotel) (a world-famous luxury hotel that was built on its own artificial island).

View of Palm Jumeirah from the air: An aerial view of Palm Jumeirah IStockphoto and Delpixart have copyright protection for this image. To see a larger version, click here.

Table of Contents

Atlantis, The Palm:Aerial image of the Palm Jumeirah, with the Atlantis hotel (Atlantis, The Palm) in the foreground and the Atlantis resort in the background. In the distance, you can see the Burj Al Arab hotel, which is located along the beachfront. iStockphoto / Boarding1Now has permission to use this image. To see a larger version, click here.

The Palm Jumeirah

It was decided to build the Palm Jumeirah in the shape of a palm tree. The palm is surrounded by a crescent-shaped structure, which functions as a breakwater construction. Two openings were cut into the crescent to allow water to circulate through it. The palm’s 17 fronds are lined with rows of luxurious houses, and a slew of hotels and resorts have been constructed on the crescent. In the trunk of the palm tree, you’ll find a mix of retail establishments, residences, and hotels. The Atlantis is the largest hotel that has been constructed on the Palm Jumeirah thus far (shown in accompanying photo).

The hotel, which opened in 2008, boasts a variety of amenities, including an aquarium with 65,000 marine animals, a bay and lagoon where guests can interact with dolphins, more than 20 restaurants and bars, high-end boutiques, a large spa, “underwater suites,” and other unique accommodations and experiences.

The island is currently one of the largest man-made structures on the planet.

The islands in the world are as follows: This snapshot taken by an astronaut depicts how “The World” appeared in 2010.

Image courtesy of NASA and the Expedition 22 crew of the International Space Station.

The World Islands

It consists of an archipelago of 300 islands that are placed in a manner that is meant to mirror the map of the Earth’s continents. The concept is that each of these islands will have a different theme that corresponds to a different country or geographic location. Only a portion of these islands has been developed. The first to be changed was an island in Greenland that was given to racing driver Michael Schumacher as a birthday present in 2006. It has been commercially developed since then and is now utilized for corporate events and private gatherings on Lebanon Island.

Petersburg, and Honeymoon Island, are making strides toward becoming more developed.

Palm Photograph obtained from satellite in February 2009 of the Jebel Ali area.

Construction had come to an end at this point, and the archipelago has retained much of its original appearance a decade later. Jesse Allen developed the NASA picture used on this page. To see a larger version, click here.

The Palm Jebel Ali

Its form is comparable to that of the Palm Jumeirah, however it is approximately half the size of that structure. Despite the fact that the palm and crescent constructions can be seen on satellite imagery, work has been put on hold since 2008, and the islands are still largely underdeveloped. Numerous companies were adversely affected by the global financial crisis that began in 2008, and property developers in Dubai were no exception. The recession led the real estate market to plummet, and developers such as Nakheel (the corporation responsible for the Palm Islands and The World archipelagos) were unable to complete their construction projects because of financial constraints.

ADVERTISEMENT The Deira Islands are located in the Indian Ocean.

There are four big islands in the right-hand side of the photograph, which are known as the Deira Islands.

To see a larger version, click here.

Deira Islands

Its form is similar to that of the Palm Jumeirah, however it is approximately half the size of that palm. Scattered throughout satellite pictures are palm- and crescent-shaped structures, but work has been put on hold since 2008, and the islands remain almost entirely undeveloped. Several industries, including property developers in Dubai, were adversely affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. When the real estate market crashed as a result of the crisis, developers such as Nakheel (the corporation responsible for the Palm Islands and The World archipelagos) were unable to complete their construction projects.

ADVERTISEMENT Isles of Deira: September 2015, the Deira Islands are seen in this astronaut image.

ISS Expedition 45 crew members captured this image with the help of NASA.

Bluewaters Island

It is another man-made island in Dubai, and it is called Bluewaters Island. Hotels, residential structures, restaurants, retail, entertainment, and other amenities may be found on the island. The Ain Dubai, often known as the “Dubai Eye,” is the most prominent landmark on Bluewaters Island. It is the world’s highest and biggest Ferris wheel, standing at 210 meters in height. Guests may take in the view of Dubai’s skyline and coastline from one of the 48 observation pods on the roof of the building.

The Burj Al Arab Jumeirah is a luxury hotel in Dubai.

The outside of this massive 56-story hotel was meant to resemble a ship setting sail into the Gulf of Mexico. A view of the World islands may be seen in the distance. Image courtesy of giggel under Creative Commons license. To see a larger version, click here.

Burj Al Arab Jumeirah

It opened its doors in 1999 and is a magnificent 5-star hotel on an artificial island that was created specifically for the hotel’s use. The interior design is very wonderful. Located within the atrium, which is the world’s highest structure, is a massive fountain that sprays water more than 42 meters into the sky. More than 30 different varieties of marblewer were used in the hotel, with some of them being imported from Italy and Brazil. However, the amount of gold that has been gilded onto walls, columns, staircases, fixtures, and other elements has drawn the majority of visitors’ attention; there is even a gold-plated elevator.

  1. This quantity of gold would weigh around 180.4 troy ounces, which would be worth $52,361 in 1999 if it were in its pure form.
  2. In order to sustain the gigantic tower, which is almost as tall as the Empire State Building, 250 subsurface columns were constructed beneath the ground.
  3. These columns (also known as foundation piles) are built of concrete that has been strengthened with steel, and they are held in place by the friction created by the sand beneath them.
  4. The whole running time is around 50 minutes.
Dubai Island Information
Palm Jumeirah: Article on the Encyclopedia Britannica website, last accessed February 2020.Palm Jumeirah: Information page on the Nakheel website, last accessed February 2020.The Heart of Europe: Official website, last accessed February 2020.No immediate plans to restart Palm Jebel Ali in Dubai –Nakheel CEO: By Aarti Nagraj, article on the GulfBusiness.com website, October 2018. Last accessed February 2020.Burj Al Arab Media Fact File:.PDF document on the Jumeirah.com website, last accessed February 2020.Gilding Basics: Gold leaf coverage information on GildedPlanet.com, last accessed February 2020.Case Study – Burj-Al-Arab, Dubai: By Chetna Shaktawat, Deeksha Joshi, Sakshi Gandhi, and Prodipta Chatterjee.PDF document on the Texas A M University website, last accessed February 2020.


A massive undertaking, the building of these artificial islands is underway. The islands are formed by dredging sand from the Gulf of Mexico and re-depositing it. The Palm Jumeirah was built entirely without the use of concrete or steel, instead relying on millions of cubic meters of dredged sand and locally mined rock. Erosion and liquefaction were major concerns during the construction process. Additionally, the currents in the gulf are now flowing around the constructions and eroding the Dubai shoreline in areas that were previously unaffected by the currents.

Find Other Topics on Geology.com:

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Volcanoes:Articles about volcanoes, volcanic hazards and eruptions past and present. Gemstones:Colorful images and articles about diamonds and colored stones.
General Geology:Articles about geysers, maars, deltas, rifts, salt domes, water, and much more! Geology Store:Hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, books, hardness picks, gold pans.
Diamonds:Learn about the properties of diamond, its many uses, and diamond discoveries.

Land reclamation in the United Arab Emirates – Wikipedia

The creation of these man-made islands is a massive undertaking. Islands are formed by redistributing sand excavated from the Gulf of Mexico. A challenge to building was the erosion and liquefaction that occurred during the creation of the Palm Jumeirah. Neither concrete nor steel were used in its construction; instead, millions of cubic meters of dredged sand and locally mined rock were used instead.

Aside from that, the currents in the gulf are now flowing around the constructions and eroding the Dubai shoreline in areas that were previously unaffected by them.


The creation of these man-made islands is a massive undertaking. The islands are formed by dredging sand from the gulf and re-depositing it. The Palm Jumeirah was built entirely without the use of concrete or steel, instead relying on millions of cubic meters of dredged sand and locally mined rock. Erosion and liquefaction were major challenges during the construction process. Additionally, the currents in the gulf are now flowing past the constructions and eroding the Dubai shoreline in areas that were previously unaffected.


A total of 520 kilometers of beaches will be added to the city of Dubai with the construction of the Palm Islands, which are located off the coast of the United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf.


  • Among the many attractions in Dubai are the Burj Al Arab, the Palm Jumeirah, the Palm Jebel Ali, and the Palm Deira. Other attractions include Al Marjan Island, Yas Island, and Al Reem Island, and the Universe Islands, which are located in Port Rashid.


Environmental and economic concerns have been raised about the different land reclamation projects being undertaken in the United Arab Emirates. For example, the extraction of rock and sand has a negative impact on the local ecosystem as well as species such as birds.

See also

  • Aerial view of Dubai, including the palm islands and the World Islands. Land reclamation in Dubai, including Hong Kong, Monaco, and the United Arab Emirates.


The Palm Islands as seen from the air The Palm Jebel Ali, Palm Jumeirah, Palm Deira, The World, The Universe (which is not featured on this map), and Dubai Waterfront are all depicted on this map from 2010. The Palm Islands are a group of three man-made islands off the coast of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, which include the Palm Jumeirah, Deira Island, and Palm Jebel Ali. The Palm Islands are a popular tourist attraction in Dubai and are home to several hotels and resorts. It was in 2001 when the islands were first conceived.


The Palm Jumeirah (25°07′00′′N55°08′00′′E / 25.11667°N 55.13333°E) is the location of a large number of private villas and hotels in Dubai. The archipelago seems to be a stylised palm tree within a circle when viewed from above. The first phase of construction began in 2001 and was supported mostly by revenues generated by Dubai’s oil industry. By 2009, a total of 28 hotels had been built on the property. A similar archipelago, Palm Jebel Ali (25°00′N54°59′E / 25.000°N 54.983°E) has a larger palm tree, a larger crescent around it, and space between the crescent and the tree to dredge island boardwalks that circle the “fronds” of the “palm” and spell out an Arabic poem by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

The Deira Islands (25°20′00′′N55°16′05′′E / 25.3333°N 55.2681°E) are a group of four manmade islands off the coast of Deira, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, that have not yet been built.

Environmental concerns

It is estimated that the building of The Palm Islands has had a substantial influence on the surrounding ecosystem, resulting in changes to the area’s biodiversity, coastal erosion, sediment transfer down the coast, and wave patterns. Seashore vegetation has suffered from suffocation and injury as a result of sediment churned up by construction. The sediment has also restricted the quantity of sunshine that reaches the plant. Varying alongshore sediment movement has resulted in changed erosion patterns along the UAE coast, which has also been compounded by different wave patterns as the waves of the Persian Gulf seek to travel around the islands, which have created a new obstacle.

A report on Dubai’s manmade islands was published by Mongabayhas, who stated that: Changes in the marine environment have been significant.

Constructing new structures is destroying the maritime environment, burying coral reefs and oyster beds, as well as underground fields of sea grass, and endangering both local marine creatures and other species that rely on them for sustenance.

Because of the interruption of natural currents, oyster beds have been covered in as much as two inches of silt, and beaches above the sea are crumbling.

Structural importance

The Palm Jumeirah was totally constructed of sand and rocks (no concrete or steel was used to build the island). According to the directives of the Ruler of Dubai, who was the inspiration for the Palm Islands as well as the designer of their design, this was carried out.

Construction resources involved

  • 5.5 million cubic meters of rock from more than 16 quarries in Dubai
  • 94 million cubic meters of sand from deep sea beds 6 nautical miles off the coast of Dubai
  • 700 tons of limestone

Project risks and threats

  • Sinking
  • Waves up to 2 meters high
  • Storm frequency on an annual or yearly basis
  • Weak soil as a result of repeated exposure to increasing sea levels
  • Pollution of the water supply

Hidden problems

  • Erosion (caused by winds and ocean currents) is one of the most serious issues now facing the island, since it removes the sand that makes up the bulk of the island’s surface. Damage to the marine environment (for example, the loss of reefs and fish), as well as disruptions in the reproductive cycles of fish species that were found near to the coastlines of Dubai Research carried out by marine scientists on the subject revealed that the newly born fish were unable to live in the circumstances along the coasts of Dubai as a result of continual building and environmental disturbances (e.g. shifting sand and rocks, as well as the impact of vibrations). Because of the shape of the island just outside the coast of Dubai, the coastline of Dubai has lost its natural shape
  • This is due to the shape of the island just outside the coast of Dubai.

Obstacles after the island construction

The installation of utilities and pipes proved to be extremely complicated and time-consuming.

Risk mitigation

Breakwaters were constructed all around the island in order to combat the waves and continual motion of the sea. They stood 3 meters tall and stretched over 160 kilometers in total length. The foundation of these breakwaters, as well as the island itself, were regularly monitored during the building process with the assistance of deep sea divers. The breakwaters have a total length of around 11.5 kilometers. The divers examined the alignment and positioning of the rocks under the surface to verify the integrity of the structure below the water’s surface.

  • The sand atop the island’s crest was sprayed using a method known as rainbowing to create the rainbow effect.
  • Throughout the island, it was made a point to ensure that there was no standing water between the island and the breakwaters.
  • Maintenance systems spray material along the shore of the island, as well as along the coast of Dubai, in order to prevent sand from being washed away.
  • These modifications began attracting novel kinds of fish as well as the construction of reef structures.
  • Precautions were also made to prevent the liquifaction of the sand on the island, which would have been disastrous (below the upper surface).
  • To prevent the process of liquifaction from occurring, a Vibro-compaction method was employed.

Construction effects and repercussions

As a result of the development of the Palm Islands off the coast of Dubai, a number of significant environmental changes have occurred, including a decrease in the area’s aquatic life, erosion of the coastal soil, and erratic sediment flow along the beach. A significant shift in wave patterns has also occurred along the coast of Dubai as a result of the rock walls that have been built around the palm islands: instead of immediately hitting the coastlines, the waves now flow in an unexpected fashion around the new impediment.

It is believed that the majority of the environmental harm has resulted from disturbed sediment caused by development of the Palm islands.

Environmental disruptions induced by changes in sediment and coastal erosion have piqued the interest of environmental organizations such as Greenpeace and the Environmental Defense Fund.

According to some estimates, the country is currently five times more unsustainable than any other country ” (Samarai 2007).

It also said that the development, from the beginning to the present day, had resulted in several apparent ecological and environmental changes that posed a threat to the future of the region.

Remedial measure to protect the coast

Dubai’s coastline monitoring program is essential for the city’s appropriate management of its shorelines and environmental consequences. The Dubai coastal monitoring program, which was established in 1997, began by conducting a baseline bathymetric (measurement of the depth of water in oceans or seas) and topographic survey of the Jumeirah (Dubai) coastline. The use of technological advancements allowed for the collection of additional data, which included remote video monitoring of Dubai beaches, sediment sampling and analysis, near shore directional wave and current recordings, and intensive measurement exercises at selected locations usingAcoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) equipment.

See also

  • The World, another artificial island project in Dubai
  • Nakheel, the real estate developer behind the Palm Islands
  • Tourism in Dubai
  • Ocean colonization
  • Dubai’s tourist attractions


  • The official website of The Palm Islands
  • A gallery of The Palm Islands
  • A timelapse animation of The Palm Islands building
  • A slideshow of The Palm Islands created by The First Post
  • And more.

the geographic coordinates are: 25°7′1′′N 55°7′55′′E / 25.11694°N 55.13194°E

Dubai’s artificial islands have high environmental cost

The environmental impact of Dubai’s manmade islands is significant. Dubai’s Artificial Future Comes at a High Cost: The Price of “The World” Tina Butler of Mongabay.com contributed to this article. The 23rd of August, 2005

From south to north, the artificial island sites in this image are Palm Jebel Ali, Palm Jumeirah, The World, and Palm Deira. Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Jumeirah appear largely complete in this image, looking like giant palm trees enclosed in huge arcs. Palm Deira, intended to be an even bigger palm tree when complete, is in the earliest stages of construction. In between Palm Jumeirah and the site for Palm Deira is the site for The World, which, when complete, will resemble a world map. NASA images courtesy of the NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Dubai, a city-state in the United Arab Emirates with a population of approximately one million people, would be one of the world’s smallest but wealthiest countries if it were not for the oil wealth of its residents. In addition to its penchant for setting world records, Dubai has recently embarked on an ambitious plan to raise its international standing in the eyes of the world’s rich (and its neighbors) by building a number of artificial islands. In addition to its penchant for Due to the influence on the local marine ecology, environmentalists are becoming more concerned about the development of these islands, which will house luxury mansions, villas, and hotels.

According to the Earth Island Journal, “How ironic that the very people who are driving rising sea levels through their businesses, which emit much of the world’s greenhouse gases, will undoubtedly be among the first to experience the devastating effects of climate change.”The Price of “The World”: Dubai’s Artificial FutureWhile there have been numerous articles written recently about the proliferation of artificial island projects, the astounding “The World” venture among them, few have addressed the question of how much these artificial islands are actually worth.

Although Nakheel, the government-controlled corporation behind these massive projects, has been able to concentrate on marketing rather than protecting the islands until recently, new evidence of environmental damage is bringing the company and its projects under fire from environmentalists.Inspired by the three artificial palm tree-themed islands projects that are nearing completion, The World is an ambitious $14 billion undertaking that will consist of 300 individual island structures that will be connected by bridges.

  1. The islands range in size from five to twenty acres, and there are 50 to 100 meters of water separating each one.
  2. A little over two and a half miles off the coast of Dubai, the complex is under construction.
  3. When viewed from above, the World and Palm developments have a highly obvious impact on the landscape of Dubai.
  4. Following extensive dredging and redepositing of sand for the purpose of constructing the islands, the normally clear waters of the Gulf of Dubai have been heavily polluted with silt as a result of this activity.

Because of the interruption of natural currents, oyster beds have been covered with as much as two inches of silt, and beaches on the surface of the ocean are degrading as well.

It is only the grandiose ambition of the Nakheel developers that can compete with the enormous undersea changes that are now taking place as a result of the development. Plans for a single palm island project, The Palm, Jumeirah, incorporate an artificial diving park with four themed sections from which divers can select to explore. There will be a special spot named Snorkler’s Cove, which will include traditional aquatic life in addition to an extra incentive: a daily deposit of a single solid gold one-kilogram bar that is now worth $15,629 at current gold rates.

It is the belief of the project’s supporters that such enhancements will actually assist in attracting fish and other marine life by providing refuge, resulting in reef development and community diversification.

The administration of Jebel Ali marine reserve, the Persian Gulf’s second most biodiverse marine system, was transferred from the Dubai Municipality Protected Areas Unit to Nakheel developers, who would use the reserve to construct an island on the Arabian Gulf’s southern coast.

Ecologists are also concerned that standardizing the maritime environment may alienate local species and stimulate the likely entrance of new, exotic, and potentially dangerous species into the area.

Palm Island Resort, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is featured in this image photographed by Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao from the International Space Station. The resort is under construction on reclaimed land silhouetted against the dark waters of Dubai’s Persian Gulf coast. Advertised as “being visible from the Moon,” this man-made palm-shaped structure displays 17 huge fronds framed by a 12-kilometer protective barrier. When completed, the resort will sport 2,000 villas, 40 luxury hotels, shopping centers, cinemas, and other facilities. When completed, the resort is expected to support a population of approximately 500,000 people. Photo courtesy of NASA. Updated pictures!

In this regard, environmentalists’ concerns regarding the current status of Dubai’s waterways are not without foundation. A variety of functions are performed by coral reefs, as well as their related mangrove and sea grass ecosystems, which collectively provide a number of essential services. For example, the provision of food and shelter for a diverse range of marine species, the protection of coastal regions from storms, the prevention of coastal erosion, and the support of commercial fishing and recreational activities, such as scuba diving and sport fishing, are all important values to have.

  1. Coral reefs have been in a condition of continuous deterioration for the past 50 years, and the situation continues now.
  2. Increases in temperature and salinity have historically been identified as the primary causes of reef habitat deterioration; however, the increased pressure from dredging merely helps to worsen the already precarious status of the environment.
  3. Furthermore, the corporation has hired a marine scientist to monitor and rebuild reefs that have been harmed by fishing.
  4. Dredging has churned up so much silt, say environmentalists and scuba divers alike, that animals and the reef itself are being suffocated by sediment particles as a result of the activity.

When the dredging and construction are finished, the water should be clear, but will anybody be able to tell what has been removed from the site? A MAN-MADE RESORT ON PALM ISLAND IS NEARING COMPLETION IN 2003. The image is courtesy of NASA. Additional scholarly reading

  • Purkis, S.J., and Riegl, B. (2005) Space and time dynamics of Arabian Gulf coral assemblages, as determined by remote sensing and in situ monitoring data, have been calculated (Jebel Ali, Dubai, U.A.E.). Oceanography287:99-113
  • Marine Ecology Progress Series287:99-113
  • B. Riegl’s book (1998) A new reef marine reserve has been established in the southern Arabian Gulf, near Jebel Ali and Dubai (UAE). Coral Reefs, vol. 17, no. 4, p. 398.

Response from an Environmental Scientist at Nakheel in rebuttal

  • The story you wrote on Nakheel’s maritime developments off the coast of Dubai caught my attention. I must say that it was quite nicely written, and I absolutely loved it. If you don’t mind giving me a minute of your time, I’d like to share some exciting news with you about the colonization of our Palm projects by a varied diversity of marine life. The canals between the fronds ofthe Palm trees have lately been revealed to provide a great home for seagrass meadows, which is exciting news. We’ve identified enormous tracts of two different types of seagrass that have taken root in these locations. Coastal seagrasses thrive in the protected habitat provided by the crescent shaped structure. The Palm Jumeirah crescent, in and of itself, has around 40 hectares of coral reef. Every week, I go diving on it, and it is teeming with invertebrate and vertebrate life. Dolphins, manta rays, sharks, trevally, and other marine life have been spotted in the seas around Palm Jumeirah. You have, however, brought up an excellent point. Whether the development of habitats through rocky reefs, seagrass meadows, and large intertidal beaches (70km on the Palm Jumeirah) is sufficient mitigation for our island-building operations is a matter of philosophical deliberation. Prior to the construction of the Palm Jumeirah, an open pelagic environment on depleted benthic sediments existed beneath the footprint of the Palm Jumeirah. Despite the fact that this sort of habitat is extremely vital to a wide range of species, it is also quite well represented in the Arabian Gulf. The diversity of flora and wildlife that has taken advantage of the environment provided by our efforts much outweighs the diversity that had previously been found on the property. The magnitude of our initiatives, compared to the Gulf, indicates that this shift in species composition is relatively limited and confined, and is therefore unlikely to have a negative impact on the broader marine ecosystem. If the world were a perfect place, no one would ever interfere with the natural environment, but at the very least, our projects continue to offer healthy habitat, in contrast to agriculture, mining, most terrestrial residential developments, or any project on a greenfield site for that matter.

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