Established in the 18th century as a small fishing village, the city grew rapidly in the early 21st century into a cosmopolitan metropolis with a focus on tourism and hospitality. Dubai is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations.
- Dubai is thought to have been established as a fishing village in the early 18th century and was, by 1822, a town of some 700–800 members of the Bani Yas tribe and subject to the rule of Sheikh Tahnun bin Shakhbut of Abu Dhabi.
When did Dubai start to develop?
The boom of present day Dubai ( 1966 to present) With the discovery of oil, the late Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum began the development of Dubai. He began transforming the city from a small cluster of settlements near Dubai Creek to a modern port, city and commercial hub.
Was Dubai a desert before?
Three decades ago, Dubai was little more than desert. Before the discovery of oil in Dubai in 1966, the city was an unremarkable port in the Gulf region. While it had existed as a trading port along important Middle Eastern trade routes since the 1800s, its main industry was pearling, which dried up after the 1930s.
Is Dubai built by slaves?
Like the rest of the Gulf region, Dubai and Abu Dhabi are being built by expat workers. They are strictly segregated, and a hierarchy worthy of previous centuries prevails.
What was the UAE called before 1971?
Prior to 1971, the Trucial Sheikdoms of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharja, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Fujairah, and Ras al-Khaimah were under a British protectorate. As such, the Untied States had a very limited relationship with the sheikdoms.
How was Dubai built so fast?
Discovery of oil Coupled with the joining of the newly independent country of Qatar and Dubai to create a new currency, the Riyal, after the devaluation of the Persian Gulf rupee which had been issued by the Government of India, it enabled Dubai to rapidly expand and grow.
Why is Dubai so rich?
Its diverse economy makes Dubai one of the richest in the world. Unlike other states in the region, Dubai’s economy doesn’t rely on oil. The growth of its economy comes from business, transportation, tourism and finance. Free trade allowed Dubai to become a wealthy state.
What language do they speak in Dubai?
The official language of the United Arab Emirates is Arabic. Modern Standard Arabic is taught in schools, and most native Emiratis speak a dialect of Gulf Arabic that is generally similar to that spoken in surrounding countries.
Is Dubai a dirty city?
Development in the region has caused a rise in power stations and cars – and a drop in air quality. However, Dubai, where the number of cars – a major source of nitrogen oxides – increased from 740,000 in 2006 to 1.4 million in 2014, is the most heavily polluted city in the region and the 10th worldwide.
Are there poor in Dubai?
The UAE is one of the top ten richest countries in the world, and yet a large percentage of the population lives in poverty — an estimated 19.5 percent. Poverty in the UAE can be seen in the labor conditions of the working class. Migrants come to Dubai looking for work and send remittances back to their families.
Which job pays well in Dubai?
What are the top 30 highest-paid job openings in Dubai?
- Chief executive officers (CEO) Average monthly salary: Dh100,000.
- Marketing Experts. Average monthly salary: Dh95,000.
- Public relations managing director.
- Supply chain manager.
- Accounting and finance professionals.
- Senior bankers.
Can you chew gum in Dubai?
Can you chew gum in Dubai? Therefore, as a part of enhancing its contribution in maintaining the public cleanliness and aesthetic appearance of the emirate, chewing gum is not permitted in public places, including the Dubai Metro or the platform, or Dubai buses, and you can be fined if caught.
Can I go to Dubai with my boyfriend?
Sexual relationships or unmarried couples cohabiting is illegal in Dubai. Cohabiting, including in hotels, is also illegal, however most hotels in Dubai do not enforce an ‘only married couples’ rule. Homosexuality is a criminal offence in Dubai and travellers can be deported.
Can u drink alcohol in Dubai?
Drinking Laws in Dubai for Tourists Licensing laws require venues serving alcohol to be attached to hotels or private clubs. It’s illegal to drink in the street or a public place or be under the influence of alcohol in a public space. The legal drinking age in Dubai is 21 years old.
As the city and capital of the emirate ofDubai, Dubai is also known as Dubayy. The emirate, which includes Dubai as its capital, is one of the wealthiest in the United Arab Emirates, which was established in 1971 following the country’s separation from Great Britain and became independent in 1971. When it comes to the origin of the term Dubai, there are various ideas. One believes it has something to do with thedaba, a species of locust that infests the region, while another believes it has something to do with a market that used to operate near the city.
13.5 square kilometers (13.5 square miles) (35 square km).
Character of the city
As the city and capital of the emirate ofDubai, Dubai is also known as Dubayy. The emirate, which includes Dubai as its capital, is one of the wealthiest in the United Arab Emirates, which was established in 1971 following the country’s separation from Great Britain and became independent in 1973. On the subject of the origin of the name Dubai, there are various hypotheses. There are two schools of thought on what it means: one believes it refers to a species of locust that infests the region, and the other believes it relates to a market that formerly existed near the city.
13.5 square miles is the size of the entire country (35 square km).
Small lengths of sandy beaches may be found in the western region of Dubai, which have aided in the growth of the city’s tourism sector. Dubai’s leadership have tried to expand the city’s restricted seafronts, and, in the lack of natural offshore islands, developers have been urged to create massive man-made islands off the coast of the city, a move that has sparked international controversy. These include the Palm Jumeirah, which is shaped like a palm tree and is the most well-known of them.
Palm Jumeirah is a landmark in Dubai.
Image courtesy of NASA.
City site and layout
Dubai is located on the southern coasts of the Persian Gulf, straddling a natural inlet known as Dubai Creek. Because the early city’s economy was based on fishing, pearl diving, and marine trade, the area served as Dubai’s geographic center for more than a century. Those who have lived in Dubai for a long time may recognize the buildings that line the creek, the most of which date back to the 1960s and are rarely more than two floors high. A number of much older structures have been renovated in the Bastakiyyah area, which is located on the western side of the creek.
The new city center is comprised of a stretch of towers that along Sheikh Zayed Road in Abu Dhabi.
The Dubai International Financial Centre, which is housed in a futuristic arch-shaped building, and the Burj Khalifa, which was the world’s tallest building at the time of its official opening in 2010 and was named after the president of the United Arab Emirates and emir of Abu Dhabi, Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan, are both located close to Sheikh Zayed Road.
The Burj al-Arab, a massive sail-shaped structure that serves as a luxury hotel, is located on the outskirts of the city. A little further west, there are new clusters of skyscrapers encircling a man-made harbor and a number of artificial lakes.
Located on the southern coasts of the Persian Gulf, Dubai is straddled by a natural inlet known as Dubai Creek. Because of the early city’s emphasis on fishing, pearl diving, and marine trade, the area served as Dubai’s epicenter for more than a century. Some of Dubai’s oldest structures can be seen along the creek’s edge, the majority of which date back to the 1960s and are no more than two floors tall. Some much older structures have been renovated in the Bastakiyyah area, which is located on the western side of the creek.
Located along Sheikh Zayed Road, the new city center is comprised of a succession of skyscrapers.
The Dubai International Financial Centre, which is housed in a futuristic arch-shaped building, and the Burj Khalifa, which was the world’s tallest building at the time of its official opening in 2010 and was named after the president of the United Arab Emirates and emir of Abu Dhabi, Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan, are both located near Sheikh Zayed Road.
The Burj al-Arab, a massive sail-shaped tower that serves as a luxury hotel, can be seen on the outskirts of the city of Dubai.
Over the past two centuries, Dubai’s population has slowly increased from a few thousand native residents to well over two million, representing a tenfold increase. The majority of the early population growth were the result of merchants from neighboring nations deciding to migrate to Dubai because of the city’s business-friendly atmosphere, according to the United Nations Population Division. The city’s building boom in the latter part of the twentieth century resulted in a significant increase in the number of South Asian laborers as well as an influx of talented expats from all over the world, who today play an essential role in Dubai’s multi-sector economy.
The majority of the expatriate population, with the exception of laborers who are housed in work camps outside the city boundaries, is scattered across Dubai.
There are large Christian, Hindu, and Sikh groups in this country, but the majority of the indigenous people and the majority of the expatriate population are Muslim.
Because of the tolerance shown by the ruling family toward non-Muslims and the city’s emphasis on business, the diverse populations have been able to cohabit peacefully, despite the fact that some foreign residents have violated decency regulations and drug-use bans on a few instances.
Dramatic photos show how radically Dubai has changed in 50 years
- As the capital of the United Arab Emirates, the city of Dubai is renowned for its spectacular, recently constructed structures, such as the Burj Khalifa, the Palm Jumeirah, and the Dubai Mall. It has turned from a desolate backwater port to a bustling metropolis with the third-highest concentration of skyscrapers in the world in little more than two decades
- When comparing images of the city taken in the 1960s and 1970s with photographs of the city taken now, it becomes clear how dramatically Dubai has changed
Thirty years ago, Dubai was little more than a stretch of desert. Prior to the discovery of oil in Dubai in 1966, the city was a very nondescript port in the Persian Gulf area. Even though it had been in operation as a commercial port along significant Middle Eastern trade routes since the 1800s, its principal business was pearling, which ceased operations during the 1930s. In 1961, before to the discovery of oil, the following is how one of Dubai’s main thoroughfares looked like: The photo above shows one of the main avenues in Dubai in 1961, which is a dusty road lined with palm palms.
Despite the fact that Dubai’s reserves were insignificant in comparison to those of its neighbor, Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, Dubai’s ruler, SheikhRashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, was determined to convert the city into a commercial center.
Dredging of Dubai Stream, a saltwater creek running through the heart of the city, took place numerous times between 1960 and 1970 to allow larger ships to pass through and do business.
photo courtesy of AP The city, however, was still struggling to keep up with the times as recently as 1979.
In 1985, the city of Jebel Ali established the Middle East’s first significant “free zone” – an area where foreign enterprises may operate with little or no taxation or customs and with reduced bureaucracy – which was the Middle East’s first big “free zone.” The following is a photograph of the city taken from an overhead perspective in 1987: Photo: This is an aerial image of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, taken in September 1987, displaying the Dubai Creek, a serpentine canal with dry docks in the backdrop.
Photograph by Greg English for the Associated Press Meanwhile, the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have driven up the price of oil, resulting in a massive infusion of wealth into the economies of the Gulf nations.
In the years following September 11, 2001, Dubai’s economy shifted into high gear, igniting a development boom that, with the exception of a severe economic downturn in 2009, has continued unabated.
Dubai World, a state-owned corporation, and Emaar Properties, which was originally a government-owned firm but is now publicly listed, were responsible for the majority of the development.
As an example, here is what the Creek looked like when I visited it earlier this month: Photograph courtesy of the source Business Insider photo by Harrison Jacobs And then there’s downtown: Photograph courtesy of the source Business Insider photo by Harrison Jacobs In addition, along Sheikh Zayed Road, the city’s major thoroughfare: Photograph courtesy of the source Business Insider photo by Harrison Jacobs The city has a long way to go before it is finished developing.
According to a July article by Reuters, huge government investment on the World Expo in 2020, which will be held in Dubai, has been supporting economic development in recent years.
The Dubai Creek Harbour complex will comprise the Dubai CreekTower, which is expected to be the world’s tallest structure, as well as DubaiSquare, a $2 billion mega-mall that will be the world’s largest shopping mall.
- More information about Business Insider’s visit to Dubai can be found here: A tour through Dubai’s supercity of futuristic buildings made me concerned about any city that aspires to the same level of fast expansion as the city of Dubai. I traveled to Dubai, which is regarded as the ‘city of riches,’ and was amazed by how much fun you can have even if you don’t have a million dollars in your pocket. Dubai’s most absurd open-air market sells exclusively gold and is home to a $3 million, 141-pound gold ring
- It is also known as the “Golden Souk.” Dubai is already a popular tourist destination, and the city’s eyes are now set on achieving the next milestone: being the regional hub for art in the Middle East and African region. Dubai is home to a $20 billion megacomplex that includes the world’s second-largest mall, the world’s tallest structure, an aquarium, and more than 1,200 shops and restaurants. I’m baffled as to why someone would come here as a tourist
Dubai Then And Now: Flip The Pictures To See The Mindblowing Transformation Of Dubai
Dubai is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates, and it is located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula. Once a sleepy fishing hamlet with a population of little more than 800 people, Dubai has grown into a worldwide metropolis and a key business hub for the Middle East throughout the course of time. Wondering how anything might alter on such a large scale? In order to assist you in seeing and comparing the old and new Dubai, we’ve compiled a collection of interesting photographs.
A Brief History Of Dubai
Dubai had its humble beginnings in 1833 as a tiny hamlet of around 800 members of the Bani Yas tribe, who were drawn to the natural harbour produced by the creek that runs through the city. They transformed the region into a modest fishing and pearling hub. These people were eventually joined by Arabian nomads from the Middle East, known as Bedouins, who settled in the area. Small cottages known as barastis were built beside the creek to accommodate them as well. During the 1960s, Dubai’s economy was solely reliant on the earnings provided by commerce and oil exploration concessions, with no other sources of income.
Suddenly, huge quantities of money were poured into the mix, and big infrastructure projects like as schools and hospitals got underway very immediately.
Dubai Then And Now: Flip To See
Flip through the photographs below to discover how Dubai appeared decades ago and how much it has changed in that time.
1. Sheikh Zayed Road In 1990 Vs Now
Image 2: Image 2: Image Source Sheikh Zayed Road, the principal roadway between Dubai and Abu Dhabi, is the longest road in the United Arab Emirates. Despite the fact that development on this gigantic road began in 1971, it took more than nine years to finish it. When it was first built, this road network was known as the Defence Road. Today, it is bordered by several prominent structures and districts of Dubai, including the Emirates Towers, the Palm Jumeirah, and the Dubai Marina. It’s Important to Read: The following are the top 20 best things to buy in Dubai in 2022 that will excite the shopaholic in you.
2. Dubai Marina In 2000 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source Dubai Marina is an artificial canal city constructed on a three-kilometer length of the Persian Gulf shoreline in the United Arab Emirates. It was built by channeling water from the Gulf of Aden into the selected location of Dubai Marina and constructing a man-made shoreline on the artificial island. It is home to a number of prominent landmarks, including the Jumeirah Beach Residence and the Masjid Al Rahim mosque, among others.
Dubai Marina, which claims to be the world’s biggest man-made marina, has played a significant role in the development of the city of Dubai. Check out this article about the 25 most popular adventure sports in Dubai for an exhilarating UAE vacation in 2022.
3. Dubai Waterfront In 1954 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source This aesthetically pleasing addition to Dubai’s landscapes was intended to be the world’s largest waterfront and man-made enterprise when it opened in 2010. It is essentially an amalgamation of canals as well as an artificial archipelago, which is what the Dubai Waterfront project is all about. The building of this 8-kilometer-long shoreline, which runs parallel to the Persian coastline, began in February 2007 but was forced to be halted in the middle of the project due to the global financial crisis that slammed Dubai at the time of its development.
It is recommended that you read the following book: Dubai In September 2022: An Ultimate Handbook To Answer Your Questions Instantly!
4. Dubai Creek In 1950 Vs Now
Photographic sources: Image 1 Photographic sources: Image 2 As the world’s largest waterfront and man-made enterprise, this aesthetically pleasing addition to the city’s environment was projected to be the world’s largest man-made establishment. It is essentially an amalgamation of canals as well as an artificial archipelago, which is what the Dubai Waterfront project is called. The construction of this 8-kilometer-long waterfront, which runs parallel to the Persian coastline, began in February 2007 but was forced to be halted in the middle of the project due to the global financial crisis that hit Dubai at the time of the suspension.
This shoreline, without a doubt, gives a vivid image of Dubai’s past.
5. Dubai Airport In 1960 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source The Dubai International Airport was constructed in 1959 under the command of the country’s ruler at the time, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed al Maktoum. It had a 1,800-meter runway, which was made of compacted sand, when it was opened. According to the history of Dubai, an asphalt runway as well as a fire station were later constructed to the airport grounds. Helicopters take off and land at one of the busiest airports in the world. Check out this article about the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building.
6. Downtown Dubai In 2000 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source In the year 2006, almost one-quarter of the world’s cranes were employed in the construction of the huge structures that can be seen in Dubai today. The history of Dubai tourism demonstrates that as soon as these towering and dazzling structures were completed, a steady stream of tourists began to come into the city. And when the Burj Khalifa joined the party, Dubai catapulted to renown as the site of the world’s tallest man-made skyscraper, bringing in a big flood of tourists from all over the world to witness this magnificent feat of engineering.
Suggested Read more about the Top 5 Bridges in Dubai That Will Connect You To The City Like Never Before in this article.
7. Deira Clocktower In 1969 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source The Clock Tower, which is located in the heart of Deira and was constructed in 1963, is one of Dubai’s most iconic landmarks. The Maktoum Bridge, with its remarkable construction, acts as a vital link between Bur Dubai and Deira, and this building serves as the entry to the bridge. This location, which was formerly bordered only by desert and underdeveloped constructions, has now been turned into one of Dubai’s most lively neighborhoods, where young people gather to socialize and have fun.
Suggested Read more:26 Free Things To Do In Dubai In 2022 That Will Allow You To Experience Over-the-Top Luxury Without Spending A Penny
8. Dubai World Trade Center In 1980 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source Initially constructed as a single structure, Dubai’s World Trade Center stood out as a landmark in the whole region when it was completed in 2007. In those days, the Sheikh Rashid Tower, a 39-story structure, was known as the Sheikh Rashid Tower, and it played an important part in the development of Dubai’s economic history. Recommended Reading: 8 Bakeries In Dubai For Your Sinful Indulgence In Sugar And All Your Sweet Cravings Recommended Reading:
9. Sheraton Dubai Creek HotelTowers In 1978 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source Following the decision by the administration of Dubai to transform the city into a popular tourist destination, a large number of hotels began to spring up around the city. Due to the fact that it was one of the first hotels to be built in Dubai, the Sheraton Dubai Creek HotelTowers continues to be a well-known and enormously popular destination to stay in the city. Recommended Reading: The World Islands: A Detailed Guide To This Man-made Marvel In Dubai For The Year 2022
10. Dubai Jumeirah Mosque In 1974 Vs Now
Photographic sources: Image 1 Photographic sources: Image 2 Following the decision by the administration of Dubai to transform the city into a popular tourist destination, a slew of hotels sprung up all over the city. Due to the fact that it was one of the first hotels to be built in Dubai, the Sheraton Dubai Creek HotelTowers continues to be a well-known and enormously popular destination to stay in the city today. Recommended Reading: The World Islands: A Detailed Guide To This Man-made Marvel In Dubai For The Year 2022.
11. Dubai Dhow Cruise In 1950 Vs Now
Image 1: SourceImage 2: SourceImage 3: Source While the usage of Dhow boats was once restricted to the extraction of fish from the creek, it is now responsible for a significant portion of the city’s tourism revenue. Cruising on these boats, which provide tourists with entertainment and leisure activities, is one of the most popular activities for visitors to the city who are looking for something to do. Continue reading:60 Tourist Attractions in Dubai: Do Not Return Without Seeing These Wonders in 2022!
We’re willing to wager you’ve never considered Dubai’s past in this light before.
All that’s left for you to do now is have a fantastic holiday in Dubai with your family and friends. Just remember to share this with your pals before you leave the house! Please see the following link for our editorial rules of behavior and copyright disclaimer.
Frequently Asked Questions About History Of Dubai
What were the names of the indigenous tribes of Dubai? The Bani Yas clans of Dubai are the most ancient among the city’s tribes. Later, nomadic tribes from the Middle East joined them in their quest for a better life. Originally, there were only 800 of these Bani Yas in the world. They are the very first tribes to settle in Dubai. What role has oil played in the development of the Dubai economy? From the very beginning of Dubai’s social life, the oil refinery and research facilities have proven to be critical components in the development of the city’s economic infrastructure.
- The Sheikh Zayed Road, which connects Abu Dhabi and Dubai, is the most significant route in the country.
- The construction of the building began in 1971.
- What exactly is the Dubai Marina?
- It is the world’s most visited tourist destination.
- Numerous prominent landmarks, such as the Jumeirah Beach Residence and the Masjid Al Rahim mosque, may be found here.
- This is the creek that separates the city of Dubai into two sections, and it is called the Bur Dubai Creek.
- It was in the vicinity of this enormous waterway when the first civilisation arose.
The Dubai International Airport, which opened its doors in 1959, is the best and most significant airport in the city of Dubai.
What are the names of the well-known towers in Dubai?
There are various buildings and towers in this city that are well-known all over the globe, and you can view them here.
Which tourist destination in Dubai is the most popular?
The Burj Khalifa, the Dubai Mall, the Dubai Museum, Bastakia (Old Dubai), and the Jumeirah Mosque are just a few of the city’s most popular attractions.
Tours of London’s historical sites Singapore’s Historical Sites and Monuments
History of Dubai – A Timeline of How This Megacity Came to Being
The city of Dubai, which is set along a sandy shoreline in the Arabian Gulf and has a sparkling infrastructure amidst vast sand dunes, is a tourist destination. The city is alive with a kaleidoscope of cultures from all parts of the world who have come together to create a haven of peace.
Once considered to be a desolate wasteland, now this man-made wonder has managed to turn heads in ways that have never been seen before. So, where did it all begin for this megacity in the first place? Let’s take a look back in time to learn more about the history of Dubai.
Where It All Began
Source The history of Dubai may be traced back to 3000 BC, or the beginning of the Bronze Age. While living in Oman throughout the 5th to 7th century AD, Dubai developed as a well-known commerce route connecting Oman to what is now known as Iraq. It was during this historical period that the residents of Dubai made their living via the trade of pearls, fishing, and boat construction. It wasn’t long before the trade routes were well-known, and tourists from Europe and Portugal began to flock to them.
- As a result, they were able to establish control over the political sphere of Dubai.
- In Dubai’s history, there have been several riots between the various tribal groups.
- The British were interested in increasing their influence and hence attempted to establish relationships with local rulers.
- It is true now and was true when it was said.
- A short time later, Maktoum Bin Butti, a tribal leader from the Bani Yas tribe, together with a small group of his tribesmen, relocated to the Shindagha Peninsula.
- The dynasty established by Maktoum Bin Butti to govern over the whole city of Dubai continues to occupy this role.
- Dubai expanded in a slow and steady manner.
- Pearling was the most important task to be carried out.
- A large number of Arab inhabitants and Iranian traders flocked to Dubai in the year 1902.
- Dubai’s trade grew and has continued to thrive ever since.
The Fateh oil field was discovered in 1966, and oil was discovered there. In contrast to popular belief, the finding of oil in Dubai is a very recent development. However, given Dubai’s reach and communication capabilities, the city has reaped enormous benefits in such a short period of time.
Source History of Dubai stretches back to 3000 BC, or the Bronze Age, according to certain estimates. When it was established as a commercial route between Oman and what is now known as Iraq in the fifth and sixth century AD, Dubai quickly rose to international prominence. It was during this historical period that the residents of Dubai made their living via the trade of pearls, fishing, and boat construction. It wasn’t long before the trade routes were well-known, and tourists from Europe and Portugal began flocking to them.
- Due to this, the other tribes of Dubai were concerned about their status and feelings, and therefore this period was deemed critical.
- A significant amount of momentum was being gathered by the trading channels.
- As a result of their success in establishing marine truces with the Sheikhs of Dubai, the area became known as the Trucial Coast, which means “Trucial Sea.” Source Dubai has been endowed with an abundant supply of pearls since the beginning of time.
- This was one of the reasons why the city draws throngs of visitors from all over the world.
- Since this is howAbu Dhabi came to be, this decision had a tremendous influence on Dubai’s history and future.
- A stronghold in the United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi serves as the country’s capital.
- Soon enough, it was recognized as the most important port on the Gulf Coast, and it began to grow in importance.
- What transpired in the country’s economy throughout the 18th century had a significant influence on the history of Dubai.
- In the aftermath, Iran’s port, also known as Lingeh port, was subjected to tax increases.
- The discovery of oil near the Trucial States occurred in the 1950’s.
However, in contrast to popular belief, the finding of oil in Dubai is a very recent event. However, considering Dubai’s geographic reach and communication capabilities, the city has reaped enormous benefits in such a short period of time.
Important Milestones in the History of Dubai
Source The history of Dubai may be traced back to 3000 BC, often known as the Bronze Age. During the 5th to 7th century AD, Dubai rose to prominence as a major commerce route linking Oman and what is now known as Iraq. During that historical period, the residents of Dubai made their living by pearling, fishing, and boat construction. The trade routes became well-known, and Europeans and Portuguese travelers began flocking to them in droves. People of the Bani Tribe (one of the tribes of Dubai) increased in number in Dubai a few centuries later, in the year 1793, and as a result, they were able to exercise control over the political sphere of Dubai.
- There have been several clashes between these tribes throughout Dubai’s history.
- The British were interested in expanding their territory and hence wanted to establish relationships with local rulers.
- Source Since the beginning of time, Dubai has been endowed with an abundant supply of pearls.
- As a result, throngs of visitors from all over the world flock to the city.
- This decision had a profound influence on the history of Dubai, since it was the catalyst for the establishment of Abu Dhabi.
- Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, retains a strong influence over the region.
- It began to focus more on developing its economy, and before long, it was recognized as the primary port on the Gulf Coast.
- In the 18th century, events occurred that affected the economics of the country and had a significant influence on the history of Dubai.
- Following that, taxes were imposed on Iran’s port, also known as Lingeh port.
- Oil was discovered near the Trucial States in the 1950s.
- Contrary to popular belief, the finding of oil in Dubai is a very new development.
Learn about the fascinating history of Dubai
Over the course of fewer than 300 years, Dubai has developed from a modest pearl fishing hamlet to a contemporary city with a skyline dotted with skyscrapers. The present rulers, the Al Maktoum family, serve as the starting point for the narrative. In 1833, they brought 800 members of the Bani Yas clan to the area that is now known as Dubai Creek, where they established a permanent settlement. A natural harbour, the creek functioned as Dubai’s commercial engine during the nineteenth century, establishing itself as an important center for fishing, pearling, and marine commerce.
- By the beginning of the twentieth century, Dubai had established itself as a thriving port community.
- By the 1930s, the city had a population of approximately 20,000 people, with about a quarter of them being foreigners.
- It was an ambitious and expensive project, but one that proved to be visionary as a result of the massive increase in freight traffic that resulted as a consequence of its completion.
- Following the British exit from the country, Dubai became a component of the United Arab Emirates in 1971.
- While Sheikh Rashid passed away in 2006 and was replaced by his son, Sheikh Mohammed, Dubai and the United Arab Emirates have continued to prosper despite his passing.
- What if I told you something you already knew?
The Venetian explorer Gasparo Balbi made the first written mention to Dubai in 1580. The Palm Jumeirah, the world’s biggest artificial island, was built in Dubai in 2001 and can be seen from space. It is the most prominent landmark in the city.
History of Dubai
The history and culture of Dubai are firmly founded in Islamic traditions, which influence the way of life of residents of the United Arab Emirates. Important to remember while visiting Dubai is that tourists must respect the culture and act appropriately, since minority groups in the Emiratis are fiercely protective of their Islamic culture and customs. Many partygoers from all over the world come to Dubai to enjoy the city’s most costly venues since it is recognized as the Middle Eastern entertainment center, and those who are rich enough to do so are drawn to the city’s most expensive venues by their wealth.
- As a result, these services are frequently found in more tourist-oriented locations rather than in residential neighborhoods.
- Residents are permitted to consume alcoholic beverages in their own homes as long as they have obtained an alcohol license from the municipality.
- In addition, pork is offered for guests and expatriates to eat on the premises.
- To be clear, this does not imply that Dubai residents are hostile to foreign visitors; rather, it is just a matter of common politeness to show respect for your hosts.
- Keep in mind that when in Rome, do as the Romans do.
- Men choose the traditional dishdasha or khandura (a long white shirt-dress), which they pair with ghutra (a white headgear) and agal (an ankle-length robe) (a rope worn to keep the ghutra in place).
- If you are visiting or living in the city, it is recommended that you dress correctly.
- When they are at a hotel, bar, or club, they are free to dress however they like, and swimwear is OK by the pool or on the beach.
Taken photographs of government buildings, military sites and ports or international airports are strictly prohibited. Before photographing someone, especially an Emirati lady, it is customary to obtain their permission beforehand, just as it is anywhere else.
Dubai, like the rest of the United Arab Emirates, is an Islamic Emirate, and as you arrive in the city, you will find yourself surrounded by several mosques, with the call to prayer being heard on a regular basis. Most religious people in Dubai are observed throughout the Holy Month of Ramadan, which lasts around 30 days and is marked by fasting and prayer. This is the time of year when Muslims fast during daylight hours in order to fulfill their responsibilities under the fourth pillar of Islam.
- However, some establishments will darken their windows to allow guests to consume food and beverages in private.
- The United Arab Emirates, on the other hand, is liberal and inviting to visitors who do not adhere to Islam.
- The large Arab community in Dubai is made up primarily of people from Middle-Eastern nations that practice Christianity, as well as non-Muslim expats from other countries.
- In truth, Dubai is home to a number of different religious institutions, including churches, gurdwaras, and temples.
- Both are thought to have been sanctioned by Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the late ruler of Dubai and the UAE.
Furthermore, in early 2001, the ground was broken for the construction of several additional churches on a parcel of land in Jebel Ali that had been donated by the government of Dubai for the benefit of four Protestant congregations and a Catholic congregation, with the first of these churches being dedicated in 2002.
Although Arabic is the official language of the country, English is the medium of communication for the vast majority of individuals in and out of the workplace. Because there are so many different nationalities in Dubai, English is a language that is understood by the majority of the population. The vast majority of road signs, store signs, restaurant menus, and other signage are in both English and Arabic.
Historical Timeline leading to the rise of Dubai
1830: A portion of the Bani Yas tribe from the Liwa Oasis, led by the Maktoum family, seizes control of the little fishing hamlet of Dubai, which continues to dominate the emirate to this day. 1892: Foreign businessmen are attracted to Dubai as a result of the government’s announcement that they would be exempt from taxation; the population more than doubles, and the pearling industry is thriving. 1930-1940: The recession has a negative impact on Dubai’s pearl business, which has suffered a decrease that has resulted in social tensions and feuds between the royals.
- 1959: The Emir of Kuwait gives Sheik Rahid millions of dollars to repair the Creek so that it can accept huge ships, in order to further establish Dubai’s status as a major commerce centre in the Middle East.
- 1968: Dubai begins exporting crude oil, resulting in a surge of petrodollars into the country.
- During the year 1980, Dubai’s yearly oil income drops to US$3.
- Due to the death of his father, Sheik Rashid, during the first Gulf War, Sheik Maktoum succeeds to the throne of Dubai in 1990.
- The Burj Al Arab, one of the world’s tallest hotels, opens its doors in 1999, significantly increasing Dubai’s international status as a tourist destination.
- In addition, the property market in Dubai is experiencing a surge in activity as a result of the introduction of freehold homes.
- He modernizes the liberal policies of his Maktoum predecessors and continues to build Dubai, enhancing the city’s international prominence in the process.
The prize money for the Dubai World Cup has been increased to $10 million, and Dubai International City is being constructed.
The Atlantis, The Palm hotel and resort opens its doors.
In addition, the Dubai International Cricket Stadium is inaugurated.
2011: The Green Line and the Palm Deira station of the Dubai Metro are officially opened.
2013: Dubai wins the bid to host the World Expo 2020, and Sheikh Mohammed announces the construction of the Dubai Water Canal (DWC).
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is developing a Mars probe dubbed Hope.
The Dubai Water Canal is officially opened by Sheikh Mohammed in 2016. The Dubai Safari Park officially opens its doors to the public in 2017. Dubai Frame, the world’s biggest frame, will open its doors in 2018. The construction of the Burj Jumeirah begins in 2019.
History in Dubai
The desert and the sea are the only places on earth where much of Dubai’s history can be found. There is very little evidence available concerning pre-Islamic activities in this region of the Arabian Peninsula, which is unfortunate. A few centuries after the advent of Islam, the Umayyad Caliphate entered southeast Arabia and pushed away the Sasanian Empire, which was at the time a major force in the Middle East. Following excavations carried out by the Dubai Museum, many items dating back to the Umayyad period were uncovered in modern-day Jumeirah as a consequence of the discovery.
- Records of a Dubai settlement date back to 1799 and are only partially documented.
- Small-scale agriculture and fishing were the mainstays of traditional economic activity.
- This region has been entangled in dynastic rivalries for hundreds of years.
- After fleeing from Abu Dhabi in 1830 to a little fishing town at the mouth of the Dubai Creek, a branch of the Bani Yastribe – forefathers of the Bedouins who inhabited the harsh deserts around Abu Dhabi – settled in what is now known as Dubai.
- By utilizing British marine security, it was able to prevent invasions by the Ottoman Empire and competing sheikhdoms while also establishing commercial links with adjacent states.
- Dubai has traditionally adopted a laissez-faire approach to commerce, and this laissez-faire approach to moneymaking drew merchants from Iran, India, and other parts of the Arabian Peninsula to the city.
- The dhow was the sailing vessel that made commerce feasible, and the souk served as the final stop on the journey.
- By the 1950s, Dubai had developed into a tiny but profitable regional commercial and fishing port, despite the fact that the city’s population was still less than 5,000 people at the time.
- The discovery of oil in 1967, followed by the beginning of production, ushered in a period of fast development that would change the face of Dubai forever.
In 1968, the United Kingdom announced that it would terminate its treaty relationships with the seven emirates, which were then known as the “Trucial States” because of the truces that had been negotiated, as well as with Bahrain and Qatar, as a result of budget cuts in its foreign operations at the time.
- After joining with Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Fujairah, and eventually Ras Al Khaimah to form the United Arab Emirates in 1971, Dubai became the country’s capital (U.A.E.).
- Dubai’s leadership attempted to establish Dubai as a world-class destination by implementing a stunning development plan.
- Rather than squandering the oil money on palaces and armaments, as some oil-rich countries have done, he made the sensible decision to redirect a large portion of the earnings into new initiatives.
- His son, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, Prime Minister of the UAE, and Ruler of Dubai, has carried on this ambition of expansion.
- He has urged developers to compete against one another in order to come up with the most inventive products.
- In recent years, it has placed a greater emphasis on the expansion of the tourist and real estate industries, among other things.
- Dubai’s political system, which operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, has been less vibrant in recent years.
- A hereditary monarch oversees each emirate, which also enjoys a high degree of autonomy.
- Abu Dhabi’s relative authority increased in relation to Dubai as a result of its bailout of the latter during the global financial crisis of 2009 (see chart).
- In the United Arab Emirates, there is no universal suffrage and no political parties; instead, leaders are chosen based on their hereditary status.
- To choose half of the Federal National Council (FNC), which is a 40-member consultative council with 20 members chosen by emirate rulers and 20 members elected, the United Arab Emirates held its first limited elections at the end of 2006, marking the country’s first such election ever.
Note: Although this information was correct at the time of publication, it is subject to change without notice. Please double-check all pricing and information directly with the company in question before finalizing your travel arrangements.
Dubai before the boom: Staggering pictures show how emirate went from desert backwater to the Manhattan of the Middle East in just 50 years
Advertisement has been published and updated. There are those who consider it to be the capital of excess in the Middle East; it is an emirate state in which money and luxury are kings. Dubai’s unfathomably tall buildings, which stretch into the heavens, are only rivaled in scale by the city’s massive, sweeping retail malls and the wealth of its citizens, who have bank accounts to match. It’s well-known as a playground for the wealthy, a location where entire communities of ex-pats may take advantage of the benefits that a tax-free refuge can provide.
The canals of Dubai: It was previously the focal point of Dubai’s pearl trade, and now it divides the city into two areas, as seen above by the dhows on the creek; displayed below is a crew participating in a traditional dhow racing; and When viewed through the lens of these photographs, taken from the Sheikh Mohammed Centre for Cultural Understanding, Dubai appears to be nearly unrecognisable from its earlier life as a fishing village, which occurred not long after the Gulf states discovered oil.
- The city was formerly synonymous with camels and dhows, rather than Ferraris and indoor ski slopes, which is why it is now more well-known for its fast cars and high-end lifestyle.
- When a portion of the Bani Yas clan from the Liwa Oasis conquered Dubai in 1830, it was a modest fishing town.
- Because of the emirate’s declaration that foreign traders would be exempt from taxation in 1892, international traders began flocking to Dubai in large numbers.
- There were no social difficulties during this time period.
- In the Deira neighborhood, the Clocktower roundabout is bordered by sandy, undeveloped lands that have been left untouched.
- Thousands of millions of dollars were loaned to the then-leader Sheik Rahid by the Emir of Kuwait in 1959 to rehabilitate the city’s creek, allowing it to accept huge ships, as part of Dubai’s attempt to become a major commerce centre.
- As Dubai began to export crude oil, a torrent of petro-dollars poured into the country, and by 1973, the Dirham had been designated as the official unit of currency.
- By the mid-1980s, it had begun to remake itself as a tourist destination, and the Emirates airline had been created by that time.
- The images that follow, which were taken in the late 1960s and early 1970s, depict a Dubai that is considerably different from today.
- Al-Naif souq, one of Dubai’s oldest traditional markets, is a cultural monument where men congregate to do business.
- A modernized market is seen in the image below.
This is a long cry from the flashy malls that have transformed the city into a global shopping destination for luxury goods (pictured below) The following is a major trading center: A huge sum of money was invested in the renovation of Dubai’s creek in 1959 in order to make it more accommodating for large ships.
- There are some refurbished traditional residences, boutique hotels, and cafés within the ruins of the ancient city that have survived to this day.
- During a period when the Gulf states were wealthy with trillions of dollars in petrodollars, the small emirate established itself as a financial center for building and tourism.
- Dubai was formerly a place inhabited by Bedouin tribes that made their living through fishing and pearl-hunting operations.
- People from Dubai: Hundreds of people throng the pathways of an outdoor market in Deira (left).
- Traveling by public transportation: It wasn’t that long ago that Dubai was as synonymous with camels and dhows as it is today with Ferraris and indoor ski slopes, but times have changed.
- The birds have been employed as a hunting weapon by Bedouin villages in the Gulf for hundreds of years, according to legend.
- In Dubai, men are chanting prayers in preparation for the Muslim celebration of Eid: Despite the fact that the emirate presently has citizens of many different religions, its beginnings may be traced back to Islam.
A camel caravan trundles through Dubai’s streets: When Dubai remade itself as a tourism destination in the mid-1980s, no one could have predicted it.
What Dubai looked like before it boomed
Dubai, United Arab Emirates (CNN) — Dubai is a desert phenomenon that has taken the world by storm. In the span of 50 years, it has developed from a modest trade outpost to become one of the most recognizable cities on the globe. Skyscrapers like the Burj Khalifa and crazily ambitious buildings like The Palm are witness to a city that is obsessed with the new, the fast-paced, and what appears to be an impossibility. There is nothing else exactly like it, with a rich Bedouin heritage and an attraction that draws in people from all over the world.
In December 1971, Dubai merged with its neighboring emirates to establish the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Nonetheless, the discovery of oil beneath the region heralded the arrival of unimaginable riches, which would transform what had been for centuries a sleepy corner of the Arab world with a population of just 86,000 into something entirely different: a science-fiction version of what a city could be, with nearly three million inhabitants.
Because it is the simple wooden dhow that marks the beginning of the country’s modern history, rather than glass and steel.
Up the creek
In Dubai (CNN), the city is known for its shopping malls and luxury hotels. In the desert, there is no place like Dubai. This modest trade outpost has blossomed into one of the world’s most recognizable cities in a little more than half a century. Skyscrapers like the Burj Khalifa and crazily ambitious constructions like The Palm are witness to a city that is obsessed with the new, the fast-paced, and the apparently unachievable. Because of the region’s rich Bedouin heritage and its attractiveness, which draws in people from all over the world, there is no place exactly like it in the world.
None of us could have predicted how things would turn out.
It is necessary to leave the towering structures and sandy beaches behind in order to get to the core of how Dubai rose from the desert to become a worldwide powerhouse.
Innovation and tenacity
The evolution of Dubai is founded in the city’s commercial mindset. Indeed, innovation can be seen almost everywhere in Dubai. Take, for example, the Burj Khalifa. Since its completion in 2008, the skyscraper has held the title of world’s tallest structure, standing at 828 meters. It is the most prominent structure in a skyline that has risen dramatically since the beginning of the twenty-first century and now matches the skylines of New York and Singapore in terms of ambition and scale. Although architectural experts may disagree on the severity of Dubai’s architecture, it is difficult to dispute that it is a sight to behold.
- Ramesh Shukla has been there to witness all of this incredible transformation.
- Photographer Ramesh Shulka has chronicled the evolution of the city over the course of the last half century.
- “I came prepared with 50 rolls of film and my camera,” he explains.
- Nothing but desert separated us from the rest of the world.
- There was no running water and no power where I slept, which was a disappointment.
- This was a true story.
- I began to document this moment in time.” Shukla went on to record the development of this desert city over the course of the next five decades.
- It’s a photograph that captures the beginning of Dubai’s meteoric development and has since been adopted as the Spirit of the Union emblem, which can be found all around the United Arab Emirates.
- Shukla is just one of many such people.
As the previous 50 years have demonstrated, Dubai is as much a lifestyle as it is a city, one in which the emphasis is placed on larger, bolder, and brasher in order to be successful.
Breaking world records
Look beyond Dubai’s glamour and glam to discover the heart and soul of this metropolis. This fascination with the large and the bold is aptly shown back at the creek, where the traditions of the past are being put to use in the service of the city’s obsession with setting world records in a variety of sports. In the Emirate’s port, Danny Hickson, an official adjudicator from Guinness World Records, has arrived to examine yet another world record attempt, this time for the world’s biggest dhow, which is now underway.
- The most significant.
- The tallest of them all.
- “In all, we have around 423 records in the United Arab Emirates.
- It’s a colossal sum of money “explains Hickson after ascertaining that the dhow, with its whole length of 91.47 meters, is, in fact, the new world record holder – although one that is older.
- The Burj Khalifa is the world’s tallest structure, standing at 1,776 meters.
- “It’s a place that is obsessed with setting new records.” In addition to the monstrous Obaid, Dubai Mall is the world’s largest indoor retail mall, covering 12 million square feet and measuring 450 meters in length.
- The Red Route of the Dubai Metro is the world’s longest single driverless train line, measuring 52.14 kilometers in total length (32.4 miles).
- Over the course of just 50 years, the Gulf emirate has witnessed everything from desert exploration to celestial exploration.
The race for space
This ethos of continuously striving to be the best is reflected in Dubai’s decision to take the next step. All the way out to the edge of space. In 2020, it will launch Hope, a space probe that will circle the planet Mars. At the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center, where Salem Al Marri is in charge of the UAE Space Program’s astronaut program, the spacecraft was conceived, constructed, and built from the ground up. After successfully launching an orbiter to Mars, Dubai has built a strong focus on sending its finest and brightest into space as part of a larger initiative.
After all, what could be more fascinating than that?” At the end of September 2019, Hazzaa Al Mansoori became the first Emirati to travel into space, arriving at the International Space Station (ISS).
The launch of the “Hope” Mars mission is scheduled for July 2020.
“Our forefathers and foremothers were explorers at heart,” he explains.
Arabs, Muslim explorers, are always gazing to the sky and the stars for guidance.
And I believe that the element of discovery is ingrained in our DNA.” Everywhere you turn in Dubai, you can see people on the lookout for the next great thing.
According to Dubai’s motto, “If we build it, they will come,” the space program is a contemporary application of that maxim. “If we build it, we will come,” is the new mantra.