Politics of the United Arab Emirates take place in a framework of a federal presidential elective constitutional monarchy (a federation of absolute monarchies).
- Dubai Government The UAE’s constitution, provisionally adopted at independence in 1971 and made permanent in 1996, established a federal government that leaves much power to the emirates. The government has executive, legislative, and judicial branches, but the executive branch dominates the political system.
Does Dubai have a democracy?
The UAE does not have democratically elected institutions and citizens do not have the right to change their government or to form political parties.
Does Dubai have government?
The Government of Dubai (Arabic: حكومة دبي) governs the Emirate of Dubai, one of the seven constituent monarchies which make up the United Arab Emirates. The executive authority of the government is the Ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
Is abortion legal in Dubai?
Abortion. According to the UAE law, it is a crime to abort a pregnancy unless: it endangers the woman’s life or. there is evidence that the baby will be born with fatal deformities and will not survive.
Is Dubai a free country?
Nope! Dubai is 100%, not a country. The United Arab Emirates, or UAE, IS a country though.
How is UAE governed?
It is governed by a Federal Supreme Council made up of the ruling Sheikhs of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Quwain. All responsibilities not granted to the national government are reserved to the individual emirate.
Who controls Dubai?
The current ruler of Dubai is Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Like his predecessor, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, he is also the Vice President and the Prime Minister of the UAE. Having attended school in the United Kingdom, he became part of the everyday running of the country.
Why is Dubai so rich?
Its diverse economy makes Dubai one of the richest in the world. Unlike other states in the region, Dubai’s economy doesn’t rely on oil. The growth of its economy comes from business, transportation, tourism and finance. Free trade allowed Dubai to become a wealthy state.
Does abortion hurt?
Having an abortion feels different for everyone — it can be super painful or just a little uncomfortable. Your level of discomfort can depend on the medications you get, how far into your pregnancy you are, and how much cramping and pain you have. For most people, it feels like strong period cramps.
Are abortions legal in US?
Abortion in the United States is legal, subject to balancing tests tying state regulation of abortion to the three trimesters of pregnancy, via the landmark 1973 case of Roe v. Wade, the first abortion case to be taken to the Supreme Court. Every state has at least one abortion clinic.
Is abortion legal in Pakistan?
In Pakistan, abortion is legally allowed only to save the life of a woman or to provide “necessary treatment” early in pregnancy. Given a lack of clarity in interpreting the law, legal abortion services are difficult to obtain, and most women who have an abortion resort to clandestine and unsafe procedures.
What are women’s rights in Dubai?
Women have the same constitutional rights as men but remain completely unprotected in key areas. Women can vote, drive, own property, work, and get an education – however, some of these require approval from their guardian.
Is Dubai a dictatorship?
Politics of the United Arab Emirates take place in a framework of a federal presidential elective constitutional monarchy (a federation of absolute monarchies). Within the UAE, Dubai has considerable autonomy, and is under Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s autocratic rule. The UAE is an authoritarian state.
Are there slaves in Dubai?
Most notably, some of the 250,000 foreign laborers in the city have been alleged to live in conditions described by Human Rights Watch as being “less than humane”. The mistreatment of foreign workers was a subject of the 2009 documentary, Slaves of Dubai.
Government of Dubai – Wikipedia
The official logo of the Government of Dubai. UAE’s government, known in Arabic as the Government of Dubai (Arabic: ), oversees theEmirate of Dubai, which is one of seven component monarchies that comprise the United Arab Emirates. In Dubai, the Ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, is in charge of the executive branch of government. It has control over the Dubai Municipality as well as a slew of other governmental agencies.
- 1First Lady of Dubai
- 2See also
- 4External links
- 1First Lady of Dubai
First Lady of Dubai
‘First Lady of Dubai’ is the title given to the ruler of Dubai’s senior wife and consort, who is referred to as the ‘First Lady of Dubai’. The first lady is the primary matriarch of the family and is intended to embody elegance and composure in her role as a representative of Dubai. Sheikha Hind, the wife of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, is the current first lady of the United Arab Emirates. The post of first lady entails formal responsibilities, such as assisting the sheikh and launching numerous charitable endeavors.
Nonetheless, the first lady participates in a number of important ceremonies and state occasions, either in the company of or in place of the emir.
- The governing dynasty of Dubai, the Al Maktoum family
- The politics of the United Arab Emirates
- “Dubai Government acknowledges cooperation from Abu Dhabi Media in the context of the smart services drive.” On June 8, 2015, The National published an article entitled “Dubai Ruler’s Wife Named Chairperson Of UAE Food Bank Initiative – Wealth-X.” Wealth-X
- Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
- Dubai Police Force
- Dubai Municipality
- Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
- Among the institutions of higher learning in Dubai are the American University, the Dubai Men’s College, and the Dubai Women’s College. Other institutions include the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Zayed University, the SP Jain Center of Management, and Mahatma Gandhi University. High schools in the city include Our Own English High School, The Indian High School, Dubai Modern High School, the British School of Dubai, the English College Dubai, and the International School of Choueifat.
- Among the institutions of higher learning in Dubai are the American University, the Dubai Men’s College, and the Dubai Women’s College. Other institutions include the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Zayed University, the SP Jain Center of Management, and Mahatma Gandhi University. High schools in the city include Our Own English High School, The Indian High School, Dubai Modern High School, the British School of Dubai, the English College Dubai, and the International School of Chooueifat.
- Buildings in Dubai include the 21st Century Tower, the Burj Al Arab, the Burj Khalifa, the Chelsea Tower, the Dubai Frame, the Dubai World Trade Centre, the Emirates Towers, the Etisalat Tower 2, and more.
- Palm Islands
- The World
- Dubai Marina
- Dubai Waterfront
- Business Bay
- Dubai South
- Dubai Festival City
- Jumeirah Beach Residence
- Palm Jumeirah
- Palm Jebel Ali
- Palm Deira
- The Al Shindagha Tunnel, the Al Maktoum Bridge, the Floating Bridge, the Al Garhoud Bridge, the Business Bay Crossing, and the Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Crossing are all examples of infrastructure.
- Dubai Holding
- Al-Ghurair Group
- Ashai Group International
- Dubai Ports World
- Dubai Gold Souk/Spice Souk
- Port Rashid, Jebel Ali, Al Hamriya Port, and Port Saeed are all options.
- International Financial Centre of Dubai
- Dubai Internet City
- Dubai Knowledge Village
- Dubai Media City
- Dubai Production City
- Dubai Silicon Oasis
- Jebel Ali
- International Financial Centre of Dubai
- Dubai Internet City
- Dubai Knowledge Village
- Dubai Media City
- Dubai Production City
- Dubai Silicon Oasis
- Jebel Ali
- Dubai International Financial Centre
- Dubai International Financial Center
- International Financial Centre of Dubai
- Dubai Internet City
- Dubai Knowledge Village
- Dubai Media City
- Dubai Production City
- Dubai Silicon Oasis
- Jebel Ali
- Dubai International Financial Centre
- The Dubai Tram, the Dubai Trolley, the Dubai Water Canal, Emirates Airlines, flydubai, and the Palm Jumeirah Monorail are all examples of public transportation in Dubai.
- E 11
- E 311
- E 44
- E 66
- E 77
- E 611
- D 94
- D 92
- D 89
- D 85
- D 75
- D 73
- D 90
- E 11
- Chennai, Detroit, Geneva, Shanghai, Casablanca, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Osaka, Beirut, Dundee, the Gold Coast, Moscow, Istanbul, Damascus, and Barcelona are among the cities on the list.
|ThisDubai -related article is astub. You can help Wikipedia byexpanding it.|
What Type Of Government Does The United Arab Emirates Have?
In the background, you can see the flag of the United Arab Emirates. The United Arab Emirates is governed by three types of monarchy: presidential, federal, and dictatorial. In all, there are seven component monarchies in the United Arab Emirates, which comprise the emirates of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm al-Quwain, Ajman, and Fujairah, among others. The President of the United Arab Emirates, who is also the country’s head of state, is the ruler of Abu Dhabi, whereas the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates is the ruler of Dubai and the country’s head of government.
The UAE’s Executive Branch
On the administrative side of things, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is made up of seven emirates, each of which is headed by a ruler who is responsible for setting the pace for reforms in local government. According to the 1971 Constitution, the seven emirates share a significant degree of power in areas of income and mineral rights, the majority of which are oil-related. Since each emirate had its own form of administration from the outset, the establishment of federal powers has been a lengthy process.
Division Of Power According To The Constitution
The Constitution of the United Arab Emirates divides federal powers between the judicial, legislative, and executive institutions. Furthermore, the executive and legislative authorities are further subdivided into emirate and federal domains, respectively. President and Vice President are both elected rulers from one of the seven emirates, according to the Constitution, and their roles and positions are defined by the Constitution. The seven rulers form the Federal Supreme Council, which is comprised of a chairperson and vice chairman who are both elected to serve terms of five years, the cabinet, which is led by the Prime Minister, and an independent judiciary, which includes the Federal Supreme Court.
Additionally, there are 40 members of the National Assembly, a supreme council of rulers, and members of a consultative body made up of individuals who were partially elected and appointed by the rulers of each of the seven emirates who serve on the federal supreme council.
Responsibilities Of The UAE Government
Different responsibilities of the UAE government fall under the jurisdiction of the federal authority, including security and defense, public health and education, nationality and immigration issues, extradition of criminals, labor relations, currency and financial services, aircraft licensing and air traffic control services, telephone and postal services and other forms of information and communication.
Certain tasks, on the other hand, are exempt from the Constitution’s Articles 120 and 121 and fall under the authority of the individual emirates.
Local Politics Within The UAE
Each emirate possesses a varying degree of financial influence and reputation, which is readily apparent in the manner in which posts in the federal government are distributed. For example, the President of the United Arab Emirates comes originally from Abu Dhabi, which is a big producer of oil. Since Dubai, a former oil extractor, is now the commercial center of the United Arab Emirates, its ruler serves as both prime minister and vice president. Following the UAE’s declaration of independence in 1971, the government has worked hard to build all of the country’s federal institutions.
For example, geographically and financially larger emirates such as Abu Dhabi are further subdivided into several municipalities, like in the case of two municipalities in this illustration.
Overview Of UAE’s Government
- Traditionally, regional rulers engage in open dialogue with their population, regardless of whether they are members of the ruling class, merchants, or common residents. In the United Arab Emirates, emirate rulers and other senior family members participate in such forums primarily to identify ways in which they may improve the quality of life for the people through improved administration. When it comes to the judiciary department of the government, the UAE’s judicial system is comprised of both the Sharia law and civil law systems. The UAE’s judicial systems are divided into two categories: Sharia courts and civil courts.
The Political System of the UAE
Regional rulers have traditionally engaged in open dialogue with their population, regardless of whether they are members of the ruling class, merchants, or regular residents. In the United Arab Emirates, emirate rulers and other senior family members participate in such forums primarily to identify ways in which they may improve the quality of life for the general public through improved governance and administration. Its judicial branch, which is comprised of both Sharia law and civil law systems, is the most important branch of government in the country.
- UAE Government Portal
- The United States Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook (United Arab Emirates)
What type of government does Dubai have?
In Dubai, what kind of government do they have?
The United Arab Emirates:
The United Arab Emirates is a federal republic in the Middle East that shares borders with Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, and the Persian Gulf. It is the world’s largest oil exporter. The country is made up of seven separate “Emirates,” which are Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Umm al-Quwaim, and Ras al-Khaimah. Dubai is the capital, and Abu Dhabi is the largest city.
Answer and Explanation:
- Dubai, which is a component of the United Arab Emirates, is controlled by an absolute monarchy, which is led by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who is the ruler of the country. Sheikh Al
- Sheikh Al
Learn more about this topic:
Government, language, and religion of the United Arab Emirates are covered in Chapter 19/Lesson 11. A very short period of time has seen the United Arab Emirates develop to become one of the most prominent economic hubs in the Middle East. In this lesson, we will learn about the way of living in this country.
Explore our homework questions and answers library
- If you are medically eligible, you should consider getting a COVID-19 vaccination. Download the ALHOSN UAE contact tracing application
- And Maintain a physical gap of two metres (six feet) between yourself and others. Handwashing for at least 20 seconds and hand sanitizing on a frequent basis are recommended. When going outside, put on your mask and gloves. Put on a mask and gloves and stay inside your houses if you are unwell or are caring for someone who is sick. Maintain general health precautions by doing the following:
- It is important to avoid interaction with items that have been touched by others. Countertops, door handles, furniture and toys should all be cleaned and disinfected at least once a day, as should phones, computers, remote controls and everything else you use on a daily basis
- Follow the safety precautions in place at your place of employment. Only rely on information provided by government officials
- If medical assistance is required, contact the appropriate authorities.
- Precautions should be taken at your place of employment. Government officials are the only ones to trust with information. If medical assistance is required, contact local authorities.
The UAE Government
The United Arab Emirates is governed by a federal government and local administrations in each of its seven emirates.
The Constitution establishes the authority and responsibilities of these individuals. Learn about the federal and local governments, as well as their respective functions.
Empowerment of Emirati youth
The UAE government established the greatest model for youth empowerment in order to contribute to the growth of the country. On the occasion of International Young Day, the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi issued a joint statement in which they expressed their delight in the UAE’s youth, who cling to their identity and values and believe in their future.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) implements a number of projects on a daily basis to achieve the aims of Vision 2021. While the majority of these projects are in the fields of health, education, and labor, there are a few that are in the areas of leadership, trade, and ground-breaking technology as well as others. More information about the UAE’s efforts may be found here. More information may be found here.
United Arab Emirates: Government
- In this section, you will find information on United Arab Emirates, including its government.
President Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahayyan serves as the nation’s chief of state. Prime Minister and Vice President Mohammad bin Rashid Al-Maktum is the leader of the government.
United Arab Emirates is the name of the country’s government. The Constitution was adopted in 1971. The Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, which was permanently ratified in May 1996, provides a legal and political framework for the administration of the United Arab Emirates as a federation of seven emirates. Federation of the Emirates is a type of government. The coat of arms of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Index of Economic Freedom
It assigns a score to each nation on a scale from 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 signifying the greatest degree of economic independence from government intrusion and 0 representing the lowest. Heritage Foundation is the source of this information (2019)
Country Risk Rating
A4A unstable political and economic outlook, as well as an unpredictable business climate, can all have an impact on how companies handle their payment obligations. On average, the chance of a corporate default is still acceptable. Source:Coface(2020)
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle1|
|Executive||Ratifies federal laws and decrees, plans general policy, and may relieve the prime minister of his post.||President is appointed by hereditary state rulers and the prime minister is appointed by the president.||President is hereditary, Prime Minister: 5 years|
|Judicial||Courts act in accordance with interpretations of Islamic law but are accountable to the secular Federal Supreme Court.||Appointed by the Supreme Council of Rulers.||Until dismissal by executive branch|
|Legislative||Responsibility for examining and amending proposed federal legislation.||Federal National Council (Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani) 20 members are appointed by hereditary state rulers and 20 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college.||4 years|
Regional Trade Blocs
Tax Authority: No information is available at this time. Name of the tax: No information is provided.
- ElectionGuide, EY, the CIA World Factbook, and the United States Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets are some of the resources available.
The UAE Government
The President of the Federation is elected by a council known as the Supreme Council of Rulers, which operates under the United Arab Emirates’ form of government. Its membership elects the President and Vice President, who serve five-year terms. The Supreme Council is the highest policy-making body in the UAE, and its members chooses the President and Vice President. The Supreme Council is vested with both legislative and executive authority. Additionally, in addition to formulating and ratifying federal legislation, the Supreme Council accepts the President’s nominee for Prime Minister and is prepared to accept his resignation if the situation calls for it.
- After that, he or she picks a Council of Ministers, often known as a Cabinet, to supervise the formation and execution of federal policy across all departments and agencies of the federal government.
- The FNC has the authority to summon and examine Ministers over their own performance, so adding an extra layer of accountability to the political system in general.
- Previously, all members of the FNC were appointed by the Rulers of each Emirate, but this has changed.
- Following the implementation of these changes, individual Rulers pick an electoral college whose members total one hundred times the number of FNC members held by the Emirate in which they reside.
- The most recent presidential elections took place in 2015.
- Amal Al Qubaisi – as a consequence of which the FNC was established.
- Ongoing measures are intended to increase the size of the Federal National Council and deepen the interaction between it and the Council of Ministers, in order to further improve the efficiency, accountability, and participatory character of government in the United Arab Emirates.
- In addition, the administration will report to the FNC on proposed international treaties and agreements, and the FNC will hold hearings on those accords before ratifying or approving them.
This is mostly in response to the extraordinary growth and development that the United Arab Emirates has enjoyed under their leadership in recent years.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a relatively new nation state that was established in 1971. A variety of different colonial entities occupied areas of what is now the United States starting in the sixteenth century – first, the Portuguese, then the Ottoman Empire, and eventually the British – all of whom wished to gain control over and profit from commerce in and around the region. Beginning with the 1820 General Treaty of Peace, the British entered into a series of agreements with rulers (sheiks) in the region with the goal of ensuring peace and putting an end to piracy in the region.
- The Trucial States Council, a platform for debate and collaboration, was established in 1952 by seven sheikdoms.
- After their treaty arrangements with the United Kingdom came to an end in late 1971, two states that are now regional neighbors of the United Arab Emirates – Bahrain and Qatar – acquired their independence.
- The United Arab Emirates was established on December 2, 1971, when Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and four other emirates came to an agreement to form a union known as the United Arab Emirates.
- Sheikh Zayid bin Sultan al Nahyan, the President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), instituted changes that resulted in more centralization as the federal government acquired authority over sectors such as immigration, public security, and border control.
The United Arab Emirates is made up of seven emirates (provinces) (constituent monarchies). The United Arab Emirates is an absolute monarchy with a federal structure headed by a presidential system. According to custom, the (hereditary) ruler of Abu Dhabi serves as President and Head of State, whilst the (hereditary) ruler of Dubai serves as Prime Minister and Head of Government, according to tradition. The Federal Supreme Council is comprised of the rulers of all seven emirates, and it is this council that, in principle, elects the President and Prime Minister, who serve five-year terms in each position.
- The Federal National Council of the United Arab Emirates is a unicameral body with 40 members that serves as the country’s federal legislature.
- In addition, the other half are elected to two-year terms by an electoral college whose members are selected by the emirates, and they serve only in an advisory role.
- The Supreme Court of the United States is composed of five justices, each of whom is headed by a president appointed by the Federal Supreme Council.
- However, each emirate retains significant powers, including the crucial authority over oil rights and revenues.
- Despite the fact that the United Arab Emirates is a decentralized federation in actuality, this decentralization has had no detrimental impact on the country, which has maintained a high level of stability since independence.
- The constitution, which incorporates elements of traditional and modern governance, serves as a middle ground between those emirates that advocate centralization and those that want individual liberty, according to the authors.
Despite the fact that the constitution grants the federal government an apparent broad range of powers, the constitution in practice creates a loosely constrained federation.
United Arab Emirates country profile
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven states that has transformed itself from a sleepy backwater to one of the most prominent economic centers in the Middle East in recent years. Even though the UAE has traditionally been conservative and authoritarian in its governance, it is one of the more liberal nations in the Gulf, with diverse cultures and faiths being allowed on a general basis. It became the first Gulf state to establish diplomatic ties with Israel when it did so in 2020.
The United Arab Emirates was one of just three nations in the world to recognize Taliban control in Afghanistan at the time.
However, since the beginning of oil exports in 1962, the country’s society and economy have seen significant changes.
Firms in the United Arab Emirates have made significant international investments.
- Inhabitants: 8.1 million
- Land area: 77,700 square kilometers (30,000 square miles)
- Major language: Arabic
- Major religion: Islam Life expectancy is 76 years for males and 78 years for women
- The currency is the dirham.
Inhabitants: 8.1 million; land area: 77,700 sq km (30,000 sq miles); primary language: Arabic; primary religion: Islam Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods Durable goods
Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed is the president of the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, the president of Abu Dhabi and a pro-Western moderniser, was appointed by the United Arab Emirates Federal Council in November 2004, shortly after the death of his father, Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, at a ceremony in Abu Dhabi. Getty Images is the source of this image. The seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al Quwain – all preserve a high degree of independence from one another.
Getty Images is the source of this image.
The establishment of Dubai Media City and twofour54, Abu Dhabi’s media zone, was aimed at attracting major international players.
The United Arab Emirates has one of the highest rates of internet penetration in the Arab world.
The following are some significant dates in the history of the United Arab Emirates: 1971 December – Following their independence from the United Kingdom, Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujayrah, Sharjah, and Umm al Quwain form the United Arab Emirates, which includes the cities of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, and Dubai (UAE). The federation is presided over by Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan, who is also its president. Ras al-Khaymah becomes a member of the federation in 1972. 2006 is the first time that national elections have been held.
2015: The United Arab Emirates participates in airstrikes against Houthi rebels in Yemen, which are led by Saudi Arabia.
The United Arab Emirates establishes diplomatic ties with Israel in 2020. Getty Images is the source of this image. Dubai Creek, as seen in the image caption: In recent decades, the United Arab Emirates has seen remarkable growth.
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As the city and capital of the emirate ofDubai, Dubai is also known as Dubayy. The emirate, which includes Dubai as its capital, is one of the wealthiest in the United Arab Emirates, which was established in 1971 following the country’s separation from Great Britain and became independent in 1971. When it comes to the origin of the term Dubai, there are various ideas. One believes it has something to do with thedaba, a species of locust that infests the region, while another believes it has something to do with a market that used to operate near the city.
13.5 square kilometers (13.5 square miles) (35 square km).
Character of the city
As well as sun-seeking tourists, Dubai is a city of skyscrapers, ports, and beaches, where substantial commerce is conducted alongside them. Because to its huge expatriate community, it has the appearance of a Middle Eastern melting pot, with a generally accepting attitude. Affiliations with religious organizations are not prevalent in city life. Islam is the predominant religion in Dubai, however churches and Hindu temples live peacefully alongside the city’s mosques. Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Quiz on the world’s largest, tallest, and smallest structures What is the name of the world’s tiniest island nation?
- Take this quiz to see how well you know about extremes all throughout the world.
- Aerial image of Dubai, the capital of the United Arab Emirates.
- View all of the videos related to this topic.
- Dissension with Dubai’s authoritarian government and ruling class, on the other hand, is not allowed, and a culture of covert corruption continues to prevail.
Small lengths of sandy beaches may be found in the western region of Dubai, which have aided in the growth of the city’s tourism sector. Dubai’s leadership have tried to expand the city’s restricted seafronts, and, in the lack of natural offshore islands, developers have been urged to create massive man-made islands off the coast of the city, a move that has sparked international controversy. These include the Palm Jumeirah, which is shaped like a palm tree and is the most well-known of them.
Palm Jumeirah is a landmark in Dubai. The Palm Jumeirah in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, as seen from the International Space Station in 2005. Image courtesy of NASA. NASA
City site and layout
Dubai is located on the southern coasts of the Persian Gulf, straddling a natural inlet known as Dubai Creek. Because the early city’s economy was based on fishing, pearl diving, and marine trade, the area served as Dubai’s geographic center for more than a century. Those who have lived in Dubai for a long time may recognize the buildings that line the creek, the most of which date back to the 1960s and are rarely more than two floors high. A number of much older structures have been renovated in the Bastakiyyah area, which is located on the western side of the creek.
The new city center is comprised of a stretch of towers that along Sheikh Zayed Road in Abu Dhabi.
The Dubai International Financial Centre, which is housed in a futuristic arch-shaped building, and the Burj Khalifa, which was the world’s tallest building at the time of its official opening in 2010 and was named after the president of the United Arab Emirates and emir of Abu Dhabi, Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan, are both located close to Sheikh Zayed Road.
The Burj al-Arab, a massive sail-shaped structure that serves as a luxury hotel, is located on the outskirts of the city.
In common with the rest of the Persian Gulf coastline, Dubai enjoys a hot temperature all year round. Humidity is highest during the summer months and lowest during the rest of the year, with the exception of the winter months. The coldest winter month is often January, with lows of approximately 15 degrees Celsius (49 degrees Fahrenheit), while the warmest summer month is typically July, with highs of more than 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).
Over the past two centuries, Dubai’s population has slowly increased from a few thousand native residents to well over two million, representing a tenfold increase. The majority of the early population growth were the result of merchants from neighboring nations deciding to migrate to Dubai because of the city’s business-friendly atmosphere, according to the United Nations Population Division. The city’s building boom in the latter part of the twentieth century resulted in a significant increase in the number of South Asian laborers as well as an influx of talented expats from all over the world, who today play an essential role in Dubai’s multi-sector economy.
The majority of the expatriate population, with the exception of laborers who are housed in work camps outside the city boundaries, is scattered across Dubai.
There are large Christian, Hindu, and Sikh groups in this country, but the majority of the indigenous people and the majority of the expatriate population are Muslim.
Because of the tolerance shown by the ruling family toward non-Muslims and the city’s emphasis on business, the diverse populations have been able to cohabit peacefully, despite the fact that some foreign residents have violated decency regulations and drug-use bans on a few instances.
Government and Political System @ Emirates.org
|Government and Political System||The United Arab Emirates is a constitutionalfederation of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai,Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Qaiwain, Ras Al Khaimah andFujairah. The federation was formally established on2 December 1971.Since the establishment of the federation in 1971,the seven emirates that comprise the United ArabEmirates (UAE) have forged a distinct nationalidentity through consolidation of their federalstatus and enjoy an enviable degree of politicalstability. The UAE’s political system, a uniquecombination of the traditional and the modern, hasunderpinned this political success, enabling thecountry to develop a modern administrative structurewhile, at the same time, ensuring that the best ofthe traditions of the past are maintained, adaptedand preserved.Each of the component emirates already had its ownexisting institutions of government prior to 1971and, to provide for the effective governing of thenew state, the rulers agreed to draw up aprovisional Constitution specifying the powers thatwere to be allocated to the new federalinstitutions, all others remaining the prerogativeof the emirates.Areas of responsibility assigned to the federalauthorities, under Articles 120 and 121 of theConstitution, were foreign affairs, security anddefense, nationality and immigration issues,education, public health, currency, postal,telephone and other communications services, airtraffic control and licensing of aircraft, inaddition to a number of other topics specificallyprescribed, including labor relations, banking,delimitation of territorial waters and extraditionof criminals. The Constitution also stated inArticle 116 that ‘the Emirates shall exercise allpowers not assigned to the Federation by thisConstitution’. This was reaffirmed in Article 122,which stated that ‘the Emirates shall havejurisdiction in all matters not assigned to theexclusive jurisdiction of the Federation, inaccordance with the provision of the preceding twoArticles’.In May 1996, the Federal Supreme Council approvedtwo amendments to the provisional Constitution,making it permanent and naming Abu Dhabi as thecapital of the state.The federal system of government includes a SupremeCouncil, a Cabinet, or Council of Ministers, aparliamentary body, the Federal National Council,and an independent judiciary, at the apex of whichis the Federal Supreme Court.Federal Supreme CouncilDuring their initial discussions on forming afederation, the rulers of the seven emirates agreedthat each of them would be a member of a SupremeCouncil, the top policy-making body in the new stateand that they would elect a President and a VicePresident from amongst their number, to serve for afive-year, renewable, term of office. The Ruler ofAbu Dhabi, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, waselected as the first President, a post to which hewas re-elected at successive five-yearly intervalsuntil his death in November 2004, while the Ruler ofDubai, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, waselected as first Vice President, a post he continuedto hold until his death in 1990. Both were succeededby their Crown Princes, who became rulers of theiremirates and were elected by the members of theFederal Supreme Council to become respectivelyPresident, for the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, HH SheikhKhalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and Vice President, forthe Ruler of Dubai. Sheikh Rashid’s successor asVice-President, Sheikh Maktoum, died in early 2006,and was succeeded as ruler by his younger brotherand Crown Prince, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, whowas then elected as the UAE’s third Vice President.The Federal Supreme Council has both legislative andexecutive powers. It ratifies federal laws anddecrees, plans general policy, approves thenomination of the Prime Minister and accepts hisresignation. It also relieves him of his post on therecommendation of the President.Council of Ministers /CabinetThe Council of Ministers or Cabinet, described inthe Constitution as ‘the executive authority’ forthe Federation, includes the usual complement ofministerial portfolios and is headed by a PrimeMinister, chosen by the President in consultationwith his colleagues on the Supreme Council. ThePrime Minister, currently the Vice-President(although this has not always been the case), thenselects the ministers, who may be drawn from any ofthe Federation’s component emirates, although,naturally, the more populous emirates have generallyprovided more members of each Cabinet.A 24-member Cabinet was appointed on 11 February2006, according to the proposal of Vice President HHSheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who had beenrequested to form a new Government following hisaccession as Ruler of Dubai and election asVice-President the previous month. This Cabinet wasreshuffled on 17 February 2008 to include a newportfolio for foreign trade and the realignment ofseveral ministries of state.Local GovernmentsParallel to, and interlocking with, the federalinstitutions, each of the seven emirates also hasits own local government. All have expandedsignificantly as a result of the country’s growthover the last 35 years, though they differ incomplexity from emirate to emirate, depending onfactors such as population, area, and degree ofdevelopment.|
|President||HH Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (3November 2004)|
|Vice-PresidentPrime Minister||HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid AlMaktoum (5 January 2006)|
|Supreme Council Members|
- Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi
- HH Vice-President and Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai
- HH Dr Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Ruler of Sharjah
- HH Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah
- HH Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Ruler of Fujaira
- He is HHGeneralSheikhMohammedbinZayedAlNahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Deputy Supreme Commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, and Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Executive Council
- He is HHSheikhHamdanbinMohammedbinRashidAlMaktoum, Crown Princeof Dubai and Chairman of the Dubai Executive Council
- He is HHSheikhSultanbinMohammedAlQasimi, Crown Prince
- Minister of Finance
- HHSheikhHamdanbinRashidAlMaktoum, DeputyRulerofDubai, Minister of Finance
- HHSheikhMaktumbinMohammedbinRashidAlMaktoum, DeputyRulerofDubai
- HHSheikhAhmedbinSultanAlQasimi, DeputyRulerofSharjah
- VicePresidentHHSheikhMohammedbinRashidAlMaktoum is the PrimeMinister and Minister of Defense
- DeputyPrimeMinister and Minister of Interior:HHLtGen.SheikhSaifbinZayedAlNahyan is the DeputyPrimeMinister and Minister of PresidentialAffairs
- MinisterofFinance:HHSheikhHamdanbinRashidAlMaktoum is the Minister of Interior
|Chairman of Federal National Council||Mohammed Ahmed AlMurr (11 / 2011)|
FACTBOX: What is the UAE’s political structure?
DUBAI (Reuters) – The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Dubai’s financial woes might have ramifications for the balance of power in the seven-member United Arab Emirates, where any assistance to the debt-ridden emirate from its wealthier neighbor Abu Dhabi may be conditional on the emirate agreeing to a political concession. Since the country’s independence from the United Kingdom in 1971, Abu Dhabi, the capital of the seven-emirate United Arab Emirates, and Dubai have dominated the Gulf Arab state.
- The Supreme Council, which is comprised of the rulers of the seven emirates, is the highest authority in the country.
- The ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahayan, is regularly elected by the council to be the president of the United Arab Emirates.
- This position is presently held by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum of Dubai.
- The Federal National Council (FNC), which advises the country’s rulers and has limited legislative authority, comprises eight members from each of Dubai and Abu Dhabi, for a total of sixteen members.
- Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, and Fujairah are the only three cities that have four.
- Despite this, the relationship between federal and municipal authorities is rather ambiguous and, according to the United Arab Emirates government website, “continues to change.” Each emirate contributes a specific percentage of its total earnings to the federal government’s coffers.
- It is followed by Dubai, which is driven by commerce, real estate, and financial services, among other things.
- The United Arab Emirates is a staunch ally of the United States.
- In any case, the administration has overwhelming public support as a result of its substantial social welfare initiatives.
Governance & Politics of the UAE
In the hands of the Federal Supreme Council (FSC), which includes the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and cabinet, is the executive authority. The Federal Supreme Court (FSC) is the highest constitutional authority and the most powerful policy-making body in the country. Its members are the seven rulers of the emirates, and it is from among them that the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Council. The FSC is vested with both legislative and executive authority. It is responsible for establishing broad policies, ratifying federal legislation and decrees, approving the President’s appointment of the prime minister, and accepting the resignation of the prime minister.
- It meets four times a year for two hours each time.
- If a king is unable to attend meetings of the Federal Supreme Council, he may assign his position to his crown prince, who will take his place.
- The President of the United States is in charge of the country and serves a five-year term.
- Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the current President of the United Arab Emirates, is also the ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
- Sheikh Zayed was the first President of the UAE and was known as “the father of the nation.” The five-year tenure of Sheikh Khalifa as President of the United Arab Emirates was extended in 2009.
- The Vice-President is likewise elected for a five-year period.
- Her Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who also happens to be the ruler of Dubai, presently holds the position.
Sheikh Mohammed is also the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. The Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President, is in charge of the Council of Ministers, often known as the cabinet.
The connection between the federal and municipal administrations is outlined in the Constitution, which provides for certain flexibility in the distribution of jurisdiction between the two levels of government. Traditional government continues to play a key role in the administration of the United Arab Emirates, with the institution of themajlis (council) continuing to play a role in ensuring that the people have unhindered access to their ruling authorities. While themajlis is in session, the leader listens to concerns, settles conflicts, and disburses generous gifts to those in need.
In general, the tribe with the strongest political clout in each emirate assumes the position of head in that emirate.
Typically, but not always, the pick is made from among the sons of the former emir.
Each tribe, on the other hand, has its own leader, or sheikh.