How Does Dubai Get Water? (Solved)

There are two main sources for water in the UAE: Ground water and desalinated sea water. Close to 99% of potable drinking water in Dubai comes from its desalination plants. The desalination plants process sea water to make them usable.

Is Dubai running out of water?

Dubai: For every drop of water that goes to waste from UAE taps, much is at stake for this generation and the coming ones, such as having no groundwater – at all – to be circulated through taps by 2030.

How does UAE get clean water?

It uses thermal desalination as the dominant technology to make seawater potable. The water consumed in the UAE is mainly desalinated, dependent on electricity in case of reverse osmosis, or a by-product of electricity generation through multiple-effect distillation (MED) and multiple-stage flash distillation (MSF).

Who supplies water in Dubai?

Utilities in Dubai Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is responsible for the supply of water and electricity to consumers within the borders of the emirate of Dubai.

How is Dubai funded?

With the exception of Dubai, most of the UAE is dependent on oil revenues. Petroleum and natural gas continue to play a central role in the economy, especially in Abu Dhabi. More than 85% of the UAE’s economy was based on the oil exports in 2009.

How did Dubai get so rich?

Oil was discovered in Dubai just over 50 years ago, but only accounts for one percent of its earnings. The move away from oil led to a boost in tourism, and the little oil Dubai eventually discovered in 1966 went towards building the city we know today.

Where does UAE get fresh water?

Very few countries have freshwater supplies that are so scarce and fragile as the UAE’s. We have no permanent rivers or natural lakes. Instead, we rely heavily on rainwater falling in the Hajar Mountains – creating year-round water in the wadis and underwater gorges.

Does Dubai have sewage system?

Sewage issues Sewage from areas of Dubai not connected to the municipal piped network at the time was collected daily from thousands of holding tanks across the city and driven by tankers to the city’s only sewage treatment plant at Al-Awir. A new, multi-billion-Dhs sewerage system is expected to be completed by 2025.

Why is Dubai not sustainable?

Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates and is recognized as one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. This rapid urbanization has led to many environmental issues, because of the harsh environment, paucity of local resources such as food, water, and building materials, and the unplanned manner of expansion.

Does it rain in Dubai?

Rainfall in Dubai is infrequent and does not last for a long period. It mostly rains during the winter period between November and March in the form of short downpours and an occasional thunderstorm. On average, rain falls only 25 days a year.

Why does the UAE use so much water?

In some parts of the UAE, estimates are that 15 to 17 per cent of residential water consumption is due to leaking infrastructure within the home, he said. The UAE has one of the highest water consumption levels in the world due to climate, population and income.

What is Dubai made of?

Even though Dubai is surrounded by desert sand, they couldn’t rely on the emirate’s bountiful resource. “Desert sand liquifies once in the water,” Mansour explains. Roughly 120 million cubic meters of sand had to be dredged and brought over from the bottom of the Persian Gulf 10 nautical miles from the islands.

Why there is no tax in Dubai?

Dubai is an island with literally no production of its own. Apart from oil, everything else in Dubai has been imported. Most of these imports are also exempt from taxation. Some imports that are at odds with the local Islamic laws are heavily taxed.

Is everyone rich in Dubai?

Everyone isn’t rich in Dubai. Only about 15 percent of its residents are native to the emirate. It is true that Dubai is part of the UAE which is one of the top ten richest countries in the world, but not everyone in the emirate is rich. It is estimated that close to 20 percent of the population lives in poverty.

Are there poor people in Dubai?

The UAE is one of the top ten richest countries in the world, and yet a large percentage of the population lives in poverty — an estimated 19.5 percent. Poverty in the UAE can be seen in the labor conditions of the working class. Migrants come to Dubai looking for work and send remittances back to their families.

What Are The Sources Of Drinking Water In Dubai?

In Dubai, there is a desalination facility. On the planet, freshwater is often recognized as one of the most precious and renewable natural resources. It accounts for around 2.5 percent of the total water on the planet, with just 0.77 percent of it being readily accessible. Gulf countries such as the United Arab Emirates, for example, are among those with some of the largest discrepancies between water supply and demand in the whole world. The rapid expansion of the region, as well as the rise in population, are adding to the difficulty of the situation.

The capacity of desalination in the United Arab Emirates alone accounts for 26 percent of the world’s total.

Temperatures in Dubai’s summer are on the high side, with typical summer highs of 107 degrees Fahrenheit.

The rate of evapotranspiration accounts for more than 75% of the yearly rainfall, with just 15% of the total amount falling as runoff into the sea.

Ground abreaction rates that are too high result in salty and dry aquifers later on.

Water Sources In Dubai

Dubai has one of the world’s highest rates of water consumption, with an average of 145 gallons of water consumed per person per day on average. The fast urbanization, the climate, and the growth in population are all contributing to the high levels of consumption. The Arabian Gulf provides Dubai with its principal supply of freshwater, which is desalinated saltwater. It meets 89.9 percent of the city’s water supply requirements, according to estimates. The remaining portion of the water demand is met mostly by subsurface water resources.

The irrigation industry uses wastewater and is thus not included in the data that has been produced above.

Desalination Plants

Seawater is desalinated by the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) plants, which are located around the city. Most of the time, seawater is collected through intakes in the Arabian Gulf. Additionally, water that is needed for cooling at the aluminium smelters in Jebel Ali is transferred to the DEWA desalination facility. The energy necessary for the desalination process is generated by burning fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, or diesel. After that, the desalinated water is injected into the distribution system for home use and consumption.

It, on the other hand, has an aftertaste that differs from one region to the next.

According to official estimates, the yearly cost of desalination is around 11.8 billion Dirham, which equates to 1 Dirham for every 37 liters of water produced or used.

A large amount of air pollution is produced as a result of this practice.

They have impacted water quality, resulting in the suspension of water production at a number of desalination units around the country. Examples include the suspension of operations at the Ras Al Khaimah desalination facility for a week in 2008 owing to the presence of red tide.

Treated Wastewater

To fulfill the city’s current water demands, treated water is an essential alternate source. The government has made significant investments in wastewater treatment facilities as well as the expansion and enhancement of urban sewage networks. The modernization of such critical infrastructure has resulted in increased amounts of treated water being produced. Regardless of the eventual application, wastewater is often treated in its entirety or in part. The United Arab Emirates now possesses state-of-the-art water treatment facilities that can perform advanced and tertiary water filtration and treatment.


Groundwater is the largest source of natural water in Dubai, accounting for around 80% of the total. Groundwater is also regarded as a critical supply of natural water in the country, second only to rivers and lakes. The subterranean water reserves in the United Arab Emirates are now estimated to be 22,601 billion cubic feet. The overall amount of freshwater, on the other hand, is only estimated to be 706 billion cubic feet in volume. Groundwater resources are divided into two categories: nonrenewable (deep aquifers) and renewable (surface aquifers) (shallow aquifers).

In addition, the government has implemented a number of initiatives, such as active monitoring and regulatory programs, that are targeted at ensuring long-term groundwater management.

Surface Water

There is very little surface water on the planet’s surface in Dubai. It contains water that has been held in ponds as well as floodwater. In addition, because Dubai is located in a dry belt zone, rainfall is scarce, and flooding tend to seep into the earth when they occur. Surface water harvesting and storage are now in high demand due to a lack of available storage space. In Dubai, replenishment of groundwater in renewable aquifers from surface water has the potential to considerably increase the city’s water supply.

When compared to tanks and industrial storage facilities, this type of storage is considered to be safer and more dependable.

Water Availability In The Future

  1. The demand for water in Dubai is predicted to rise in the future as a result of an expected increase in population and industrial activity. The home, business, and industrial sectors will be the primary drivers of the increase in demand. Because of a scarcity of arable lands and diminishing groundwater supplies, the demand for water in other sectors, such as the agriculture industry, is likely to stay stable. It is envisaged that technological advancements in the desalination business would result in an increase in water supply at a reasonable cost. The International Centre for Biosaline Agriculture, which is based in Dubai, is now doing research into salt-tolerant crops that can be grown in brackish water, therefore reducing the excessive use of fresh groundwater.

Water supply and sanitation in Abu Dhabi – Wikipedia

There are three cities in the United Arab Emirates’ Abu Dhabi Emirate: the coastal city of Abu Dhabi itself (with more than one million inhabitants), as well as the inland oases of Al Ain (0,4 million inhabitants) and Liwa (with approximately 0.1 million inhabitants). All three cities receive 100% of their drinking water supply from desalinated seawater.

Water resources

United Arab Emirates map with Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, and Qutuf, a settlement in the Liwa oasis, among other places. In the United Arab Emirates, there are two sources of water: desalinated saltwater and groundwater. While groundwater is utilized for agricultural purposes in Al Ain and Liwa, drinking water is obtained solely from desalinated saltwater throughout the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Groundwater accounted for 71 percent of total water demand for all uses in 2008, with desalinated water accounting for 24 percent and treated wastewater accounting for 5 percent.

  1. Tawilah A and Tawilah B were owned and operated by the Abu Dhabi Water Company.
  2. Construction contracts with the government for Build-Own-Operate (BOO) projects are in place, and fossil fuels are used to power the facilities.
  3. Groundwater 90% of the groundwater in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is saline, with some areas having up to eight times the salinity of saltwater.
  4. Natural groundwater recharge is predicted to occur at a rate of around 300 million cubic meters per year on average.
  5. Recharge dams have been constructed on the Wadis in order to prevent floodwater from flowing into the sea and instead recharging aquifers with it.
  6. recharging of the groundwater table Construction of large-scale groundwater recharge facilities began in 2008 at the Liwa Oasis, following a successful trial project that began in 2003 near the Liwa Oasis and was completed in 2008.
  7. Recharge will take place during the summer months when the desalination facilities produce excess freshwater.
  8. In this way, their water output is proportionate to their electricity generation, which reaches its maximum during the summer months when electricity production is at its highest to power air conditioning.
  9. Sewage treatmentAbout 550,000 cubic metres of wastewater are created in Abu Dhabi every day, and 20 wastewater treatment plants are used to handle it.
  10. However, while the vast majority of wastewater treatment plants are owned and maintained by the government, four big new plants have been constructed by joint ventures under build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) agreements.
  11. Similar contracting structures were used to award Biwater contracts for the construction of two further facilities.

Green spaces and farms around Masdar City are to be watered by grey water and recovered water, according to the city’s master plan.

Water use

In the United States, almost half of the total yearly water output from all sources is utilized for irrigation of green areas and for agricultural purposes. The remaining half is devoted to home purposes. The average daily freshwater use per person is around 650 liters, which includes water used for irrigation of green spaces. Customers in Al Ain were experiencing “limited (intermittent) supply” in 2009 “as a result of restrictions in both the transmission and distribution networks,” according to the city’s 2009 municipal report.


The city of Abu Dhabi as seen from space. Since its independence in 1971 and the beginning of the oil boom in 1973, Abu Dhabi has seen a growth in both income and population. For a long time, groundwater was the only source of drinking water. Because there is limited recharge and because the majority of the aquifers are very salty, it was extremely scarce. The development of Abu Dhabi was only made feasible via the desalination of saltwater. Seawater desalination is accomplished by the use of thermal technologies that combine desalination with electricity generation.

The facilities were initially owned and run by the government through the Water and Electricity Department, with finance provided by the state from oil income.

Reform in the sector After much deliberation, the government decided to restructure the water and energy sectors in the mid-1990s.

A fundamental idea underlying the reform of both sectors was that production, transmission, and distribution should be decoupled from one another:

  • A private sector company was to be in charge of the generation of power and desalination of drinking water. The transmission of bulk water to the Al Ain and Liwa oasises was to be carried out by a public asset holding corporation and a private operating firm, respectively. Both Abu Dhabi and Liwa were to have their distribution handled by public firms, while Al Ain would be handled by a private company.

An independent public agency, with a certain degree of autonomy from the government, was to be in charge of regulating the industry. The new organization was legally established by Law No. (2) on the Regulation of the Water and Electricity Sector, which was approved in 1998 and became effective immediately. The holding firm ADWEA and the regulator, the Regulation and Supervision Bureau (RSB), were both effectively created within a few months of the first announcement. The first contract for a private power and desalination plant was signed by the government in the year 2000.

  1. It wasn’t until 2005 that a separate sanitation operator, the Abu Dhabi Sewerage Services Company, came into being.
  2. During the first decade of the twenty-first century, the conservation of the environment progressively gained importance in the United Arab Emirates.
  3. When introducing the Master Plan, the chairman of the Environment Agency stated that unless action is made to cut water usage, which is among the highest per capita in the world, the future will be extremely tough.
  4. The Plan is available in English and Arabic.

It has also provided free of charge water-saving toilets and showerheads to those in need. The emirate is also in the process of extending the usage of recycled water in its operations and infrastructure.


Policy.Abu Dhabi is controlled by a Sheikh, who is the head of state. The Executive Council, which is in charge of day-to-day policymaking, is located beneath him. The Crown Prince serves as the chairman of the Council. The Executive Council is comprised of the Chairmen of four Departments as well as representatives from a number of Authorities. There are no Ministries and distinct technical authorities under those Ministries in the government system, which is analogous to the Western government structure.

The Abu Dhabi WaterElectricity Authority is responsible for the provision of water and sanitation in the city of Abu Dhabi (ADWEA).

  • Water and electricity regulations in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi are governed by Law No (2) of 1998, and the establishment of the Abu Dhabi Sewerage Services Company (ADSSC) is governed by Law No (17) of 2005, both of which are codified in the UAE Constitution.

The supply of services Private Independent Water and Power Production (IWPP) businesses operate under the Build-Own-Operate (BOO) model, producing and selling desalinated water to the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Company (ADWE) (ADWEC). ADWEC is controlled by the government through the ADWEA and serves as the exclusive buyer of desalinated water as well as the sole supplier of water to the distribution businesses in the state of Arizona. Transporting water from desalination facilities to the networks of the distribution firms is the responsibility of the Abu Dhabi Transmission and Dispatch Company (TRANSCO).

In Al Ain, the Al Ain distribution business performs the same functions.

Regulation By issuing licenses, the Regulation and Supervision Bureau (RSB) for the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi ensures that the appropriate laws are followed.

Tariffs and cost recovery

UAE inhabitants will pay 1.7 Dirham (0.46 USD) per cubic meter of water starting on January 1, 2015, for a very generous initial block of use, which is set at 700 liters per day for flats and 7,000 liters per day for villas. Above these volumes, the cost increases significantly to 1.89 Dirham (0.51 USD) per cubic meter, which is somewhat more than the previous rate. Previously, people of the United Arab Emirates were not charged for water. A fee for water was always levied against foreign residents and business users, with the lowest rate of 5.95 Dirham (USD 1.61) per cubic meter in the lowest usage block.

It was accompanied with a massive public relations effort, as well as suggestions for clients who wanted to save water.

The two public distribution firms are subsidized by the federal government.

Tariffs for bulk supply are changed by the RSB every four years in accordance with the maximum permissible revenues.

Investment and financing

Business-to-business (B2B) contracts are used to fund private sector investment in desalination facilities. In order to encourage investment in water distribution and sewerage infrastructure, the federal government provides subsidies to the various public utility firms. Between 1999 and 2008, more than US$36 billion was invested in the production and delivery of electricity and water, respectively. Due to the fact that electricity and water are generated and supplied by the same businesses, separate numbers for investment in water infrastructure are not readily available.


  1. In this issue of abUAE Interact: EAD issues a warning on the loss of Abu Dhabi’s water supplies over the next 50 years, 22 March 2009
  2. And “Dubai gets set to join the solar desal club,” 23 March 2009. Global Water Intelligence, published in May 2015
  3. Abu Dhabi Water Resources Statistics 2006, published by the Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi
  4. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: “Viel Erdöl und wenig Wasser, Ein deutsches Projekt schafft in Abu Dhabi eine Wasserreserve unter dem Wüstensand,” 17 June 2010
  5. “Viel Erdöl und wenig Wasser, Ein deutsches Projekt schafft in Abu Dhabi eine Wasserreserve unter dem Wüstensand,” 17 June 2010
  6. “Viel Erdöl und wenig Wasser, Ein deutsches Projekt schafft in Abu Dhabi eine Wasserreserve unter dem Wüstensand,” Accessed on June 27, 2010, GTZ: Artificial Recharge and Utilization of the Ground Water Resource in the Liwa Area. Water and Electricity Sector Overview 2008-2009, retrieved on June 27, 2010
  7. AbcdeRegulation and Supervision Bureau: Water and Electricity Sector Overview 2008-2009, accessed on June 27, 2010
  8. Water consumption in Abu Dhabi is regulated, according to, on March 28, 2009. a cleantech group: Veolia and Abu Dhabi in a wastewater arrangement, signed on July 31, 2008
  9. UAE Interact: A tunnel is being developed to address the capital’s sewerage problem, 30 June 2008
  10. The Al Ain Distribution Company (AADC) is responsible for “Water Distribution.” Archived from the original on 6 June 2012
  11. “Abu Dhabi confronts a water crisis,” The National, 22 March 2009
  12. “Abu Dhabi revises water and power rate,” The National, 22 March 2009. published an article on November 13, 2014. Obtainable on 9 March 2015

External links

  • The Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
  • The Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi
  • And the Water and Electricity Sector Regulation and Supervision Bureau

Could This Giant Desalination Plant Solve Water Shortages?

It may be found in your clothes and food, as well as in your household equipment and the energy that powers them. It may be found on television, the Internet, and the air. It’s in us—or, more accurately, we’re it, considering that it accounts for around 60% of our total body weight. We don’t give enough respect to water as the foundation of life, despite the fact that we frequently consider it as an afterthought. Until it’s no longer there. Already, 1.2 billion people, or about a sixth of the world’s population, live in water-stressed areas, and that number is expected to rise to 1.8 billion by 2025, according to the United Nations Development Programme.

  1. Climate change has the potential to exacerbate desertification in already-arid regions of the world.
  2. As a result, the dilemma of water shortage will only worsen in 2015 and beyond, with the potential to cause global instability.
  3. Increased efficiency can make existing resources last longer (in the U.S., overall water use has fallen even as the population has grown).
  4. The Jebel Ali facility in the United Arab Emirates, which is featured in this photo essay, has the capacity to create 564 million gallons (2.13 billion L) of water each day from the sea, demonstrating the massive scale that may be required in a drier climate.
  5. Please contact us at [email protected].

Making water in a desert, from sunlight and air

Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates (CNN) Rivers are being mineralized, oceans are being desalinated, and holes are being drilled into the ground. In areas where drinking water is in low supply, there are a variety of options for getting your hands on some. However, as a result of overpopulation, climate change, and rising water shortages, inventors have been on the hunt for a new solution – and some believe the answer is still up in the air. SOURCE Global is one of several firms throughout the world that are collecting water from the atmosphere in the goal of assisting areas who are water-stressed.

Hydropanels is a brand of products that are powered by solar panels that are incorporated into the device.

“There is no requirement for electricity, no requirement for a (grid), no requirement for infrastructure – it is completely self-sufficient,” explains Vahid Fotuhi, the company’s vice president for Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

Solar powered

Machines that create drinkable water from the surrounding air, such as AWGs and SOURCEs, are known as atmospheric water generators (AWGs). In the past, these devices have been around for roughly a decade, and their operation has historically relied on condensation, which involves chilling water vapor to collect water droplets. While this process may be extremely energy-intensive, many early methods were only effective in environments with high levels of humidity, such as deserts. Because of these limitations, SOURCE, originally known as Zero Mass Water, has worked to provide a more flexible and long-term alternative.

  1. A sponge-like substance, which is found inside the device, allows the air to pass through and collect the water vapor.
  2. In other words, mineralized drinking water may be manufactured from the air using only renewable energy and with no waste generated.
  3. Plastic-free bottled water will be developed by SOURCE and sold to hotels and resorts at a price comparable to that of existing bottled water brands, according to the company.
  4. Besides that, it has attracted business clients, notably in nations that cater to visitors visiting remote environments, such as the Sahara Desert.
  5. A lot of these water producers might be deployed in major hotel resorts or as a single panel in a family house, according to Fotuhi, who feels it demonstrates the scalability of the technology.

Fighting water scarcity?

According to Keith Hays, vice president of Bluefield Research, an advisory firm that focuses on water issues, SOURCE’s design differs from that of other AWGs because it incorporates a solar-powered power supply as well as a water capture mechanism into a single structure, allowing it to operate off-grid for extended periods of time. The other systems, he continues, “typically have a separate panel or are connected to the power grid.” Over 2 billion people live in nations that are suffering from severe water scarcity, and while the hundreds of businesses developing AWGs hope that their gadgets would aid in the resolution of the situation, Hays believes that this is highly improbable.

In addition, according to Hays, AWGs need a substantial amount of land and distribution networks that are not as widespread as alternative water options.

He feels that AWGs are more efficient when used in conjunction with other water sources. As a supplement to current drinking water systems, they “reduce (the) impact of plastics while also providing auxiliary assistance,” writes the author.

Hydropanels need that a tap or a bottling facility be nearby, which is not always possible in all situations, as Fotuhi explains. However, he feels that they have significant environmental advantages. The value proposition, according to Fotuhi, remains extremely strong when considering the savings from an environmental and a sustainability viewpoint, as well as when looking at the savings from a cost-savings standpoint.

The Official Portal of the UAE Government

During regular and extreme emergency situations, the UAE Water Security Strategy 2036 strives to ensure long-term sustainability as well as uninterrupted availability to water for all citizens. In order to encompass all parts of the water supply chain in the country, a comprehensive national perspective was used to design the plan, which included input from all entities and agencies in the country that are involved with water resources management. The strategy’s objectives are as follows:

  1. To achieve this, reduce total demand for water resources by 21 percent
  2. Increase the water productivity index to USD 110 per cubic metre
  3. Significantly increase water-use efficiency across all sectors
  4. And ensure sustainable withdrawals and supplies of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity by reducing the water scarcity index by 3 degrees. Additionally, improve water quality.

More information about the UAE Water Security Strategy 2036 and the UAE’s efforts to provide clean water and sanitation may be found at

Desalination plants

Natural water resources are scarce in the United Arab Emirates. Thermal desalination is the most widely used process for making saltwater drinkable in the country. In the present day, over 70 large desalination plants provide approximately 14 percent of the world’s total output of desalinated water, accounting for the vast majority of the country’s drinkable water (42% of the total water need). It is critical for the United Arab Emirates to discover a sustainable desalination solution in order to address long-term water demands due to a scarcity of freshwater resources.

The water consumed in the United Arab Emirates is mostly desalinated, and in the case of reverse osmosis, it is dependent on power, or it is a by-product of electricity generation through multiple-effect distillation (MED) and multiple-stage flash distillation (MSFD) (MSF).

It was estimated that the installed capacity for desalinated and groundwater was 1,585 million imperial gallons per day, and that the annual water production was 393,878 million imperial gallons.

  • The Shuweihat S2 power and water plant in Abu Dhabi has a production capacity of 1510 Mega Watts (MW) of electricity and 100 Million Imperial Gallons (MIGD) of water per day
  • It is the second largest power and water plant in the country. In Dubai, the Jebel Ali power station is the biggest combined power and desalination facility in the United Arab Emirates, with six gas turbines capable of generating 2060 MW and 140 MIGD of water. The F2 Plant in Fujairah is a greenfield power generating and saltwater desalination plant with a capacity of 2850 MW and a capacity of 230 MIGD of water
  • It is located in the United Arab Emirates.

Relevant WebsitesAmount of water generated by desalination plants – Related Websites


Dams and rainwater collecting projects have received a considerable deal of interest in the United Arab Emirates. Dams help to flood protection and flow risk reduction, as well as to the improvement of the quality and quantity of water in the aquifer by increasing the rate at which groundwater is drawn into the system. Dams in the United Arab Emirates include:

  • Wadi Al Beeh dam (length: 575 metres, height: 18 metres)
  • Wadi Al Beeh dam (length: 575 metres, height: 18 metres)

The dam is located in Al Beeh Wadi, in the northern portion of the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah (RAK).

It is being built in order to provide subsurface water for the underground water system. It provides water to the communities of Al Burairat and Al Hamraniya in RAK.

  • (Length 235 metres, height 8 metres)
  • The Wadi Ghalfa dam (Length 235 metres, height 8 metres)

Construction of the dam began in the Masfout district of Wadi Ghalfa, which is a middling agricultural zone. The dam is being built to supply subsurface water to the surrounding area.

  • It is 367 metres long and 33 metres high. It is located in Wadi Wareaa.

The dam is located in Wadi Wareaa, an agricultural region in the UAE’s eastern agricultural zone. It flows down the slopes of Masafi Hill and into the Gulf of Oman. It is being built to provide groundwater for irrigation and to safeguard the surrounding area from flooding. It provides water to the communities of Al Badiya and Khor Fakkan.

  • There is a dam on the Wadi Basira (which has a total length of 885 metres and an overall height of 8 metres).

The dam is located in Wadi Basira, in the eastern agricultural area of the United Arab Emirates. It is being built to provide water to the groundwater areas of Dibba while also protecting the area from flooding.

  • A dam on the Wadi Ham River (length: 2800 meters, height: 16 metres)
  • A dam on the Wadi Ham River

It is located in Fujairah, in the eastern part of the United Arab Emirates, and was built to provide water to the subterranean reservoirs, protect the area from flooding, and improve the quality of the water. The dam provides water to the surrounding communities in Fujairah and Kalba.

  • Wadi Azan dam (length: 110 metres, height: 10 metres)
  • Wadi Azan dam (length: 110 metres, height: 10 metres)

It is regarded as a tiny dam that holds back water and slows the flow of water downstream. It is located in Wadi Azan, in the northern agricultural region, and was built to provide water to the subsurface water system. It provides water to the Azan and Al Hamraniyah localities.

  • A dam on the Wadi Al Ghail (length: 26 metres, height: 4.5 metres)
  • A reservoir on the Wadi Al Ghail

It is situated in the northern section of the country, in the Wadi Al Ghail. It is being built to provide agricultural water for the Al Ghail area as well as to feed the subterranean water system.

  • Check check this article about Dams and Water Structures in the United Arab Emirates – Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure.

Supporting global efforts to provide potable water

When it comes to water and sanitation-related activities and programs, the United Arab Emirates spares no effort in fostering international cooperation and providing capacity-building assistance to developing countries. This includes water harvesting and desalination technologies, as well as water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling, and reuse technologies. Water Aid – Suqia is a non-profit organization that was founded to assist worldwide efforts to give potable clean water to those in need across the globe and to help to the discovery of permanent, sustainable, and innovative solutions to the global water scarcity crisis.

5 million people throughout the world will benefit from the ‘Suqia’ program, which was created to give them with access to safe drinking water.

It far exceeded its goals, collecting more than AED180 million in 18 days, which is enough to supply clean drinking water to more than 7 million people throughout the world, exceeding its expectations.

Is Dubai Tap Water Safe To Drink?

In general, tap water in Dubai and other regions of the United Arab Emirates is perfectly safe to consume. We must, however, take into consideration some potential concerns. According to Ultra, a maintenance firm, debris and other impurities might accumulate in the water storage tank over time, creating a breeding environment for bacteria such as legionella and other hazardous organisms. If left unchecked, these can contribute to the creation of a high-risk atmosphere throughout the whole structure.

Dubai’s Burj Al Arab Hotel Contamination may occur in any home water supply, although it is extremely unusual because most storage tanks are cleaned on a regular basis.

Instead of fluoride, chlorine is used in the treatment.

Some people believe that tap water is safer than bottled water since it does not contain PBAs, which might cause exposure. Furthermore, there is, of course, the environmental cost of using plastic packaging.

Source of Water in Dubai, UAE

In general, tap water in Dubai and other regions of the United Arab Emirates is quite safe to drink. Some possible hazards, on the other hand, must be taken into consideration According to Ultra, a maintenance firm, debris and other impurities might accumulate in the water storage tank over time, creating a breeding environment for bacteria such as legionella and other hazardous organisms to thrive. If left unchecked, these can contribute to the creation of a high-risk atmosphere across the building.

  • Dubai’s Burj Al Arab is a world-class hotel.
  • Using desalinated seawater, Dubai tap water is among the most advanced technologies currently accessible.
  • There is harmless bacterial “slime” in all public water systems, and tourists may experience mild digestive pain at first, depending on how their intestinal flora reacts to different strains of bacteria.
  • Furthermore, there is, of course, the environmental impact of using single-use plastics.

Is DUBAI Water Hard?

Because of the precipitation that falls, the water is naturally gentle. Still, as water flows from the earth into our waterways, it picks up minerals such as chalk, lime, and, to a greater extent, calcium and magnesium from the soil. It is important to note that hard water includes critical minerals. Hard water was favoured by the majority of people because of the health advantages it provided. Soft water can occasionally have a saline flavor to it, making it unfit for drinking. Water that includes a significant amount of dissolved minerals is referred to as hard water (like calcium and magnesium).

Traveler’s Notes

Drinking tap water is completely safe, so try to be mindful of the environment and avoid using plastic bottles wherever possible.

Relative links:

  • Is it safe to drink the water from the tap in Dubai? courtesy of TappWater
  • Is the tap water in Dubai safe to drink? provided by Dubai Local Tips

One of the driest places in the world will likely never run out of water

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates In 1960, the population of the United Arab Emirates was around 90,000 people. Today, it has 100 times as many as it did previously. That wouldn’t have occurred if someone hadn’t discovered oil in the desert beforehand, though. Water is essential for the country’s population, and they require a lot of it. Of certainly, oil has been beneficial. It has enabled the government to construct huge desalination facilities that are both costly and energy-intensive. Because of the UAE’s obsession with water, the country is now one of the world’s top users, consuming around 600 liters of water per person every day.

  1. 15) in Abu Dhabi, the country made a significant and unprecedented step toward ensuring water security for its citizens.
  2. The reserve is located in an aquifer beneath the Liwa desert in the southernmost tip of the country, approximately 160 kilometers from the desalination facilities on the coast.
  3. It holds around 26 billion liters of water, and it took 26 months to completely fill it.
  4. The amount of water the reserve can give each day is merely a fraction of the country’s daily water use, which totals 6 billion liters.
  5. Satellite picture of the Liwa Strategic Water Reserve in the United Arab Emirates taken by ADWEA.
  6. Considering the fact that there is a country on the earth with a vital water resource hidden beneath a desert is mind-boggling enough, even before we take into consideration the scope of the undertaking.
  7. The desalinated water is carried through huge pipes (about 1 meter in diameter), which were patched together in the desert using high-precision welding in order to ensure that they would be leak-proof for at least 50 years after installation.
  8. The water is subsequently recycled.
  9. Desalination plants can be shut down by storms, equipment failure, a random sea raft or even the red tide phenomena that has become more severe as a result of climate change, according to Saif Saleh Al Seairi, the organization’s director.
  10. According to ADWEA’s research(pdf), algal blooms constitute a new and possibly major danger to the region’s water security, and they are becoming more often.

Even so, though Al Seairi did not declare it specifically, those regional partners can only include petro-states that have the financial wherewithal to fund such a costly reserve. There is no oil money to assist the vast majority of people who are suffering from water scarcity.

Can I drink the water in Dubai?

129Advice on Traveling to Dubai Is it safe for me to drink the water in Dubai? Water is the most important ingredient in life. If you’re from the Western hemisphere, you probably take it as a given. But what do you do while you’re in the desert? That’s a very other story. There are numerous myths and misconceptions about the quality of Dubai’s tap water (including hair loss, dry skin, and premature aging). As a result, visitors and newcomers to Dubai are understandably concerned about whether it is safe to drink the tap water or whether it is better to purchase bottled water.

Numerous differing viewpoints are available about this issue.

You will be able to make a decision for yourself in this manner.

Where does Dubai’s water come from?

What is the source of Dubai’s water supply? The UAE’s largest energy and water plant, which is located on the shore of Dubai, spits out 550 million gallons of water every day. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (Dewa) maintains a variety of facilities in Jebel Ali that generate electricity and desalinate water, resulting in potable water for human use. Daily, water from the Arabian Gulf is pumped in through intake valves that are as far away from the shore as one kilometer away from the shore.

What is desalination?

Desalinization is a technical term that refers to the process of eliminating salt from water. There are a variety of approaches that may be used to accomplish this. Reverse osmosis (or RO, if you want to sound cool) is the favored technique of water purification in Jebel Ali. A filtering membrane is used to pass the steam produced by heated saltwater through the system. The steam condenses and collects in a container as clear, pure water. To compensate for the absence of minerals generally found in drinkable water generated in this method, limestone is added to the storage containers, and chloride, calcium hardeners, and other chemical agents are employed to regulate the quality of the water produced.

So, is it safe?

Recently, the Emirates Environmental Group (EEG) organized a panel discussion in which they determined that Dubai’s tap water is “absolutely safe to consume.” In addition, Habiba Al Marashi, Chairman of the EEG, stated, “It is critical that we dispel the myth that tap water is unfit for human consumption.” UAE’s Authority for Standardisation and Authorisation (Esma), a public safety regulatory organization, has declared that the drinking water in the country is safe for humans to consume.

However, there is a catch.

That implies that if local water tanks are not adequately maintained and examined on a regular basis, the quality of the water may be compromised.

Because of this, it may not be a bad idea to inquire with your landlord or hotel management on the cleanliness of their tanks. The use of a home filtration system can provide an additional layer of safety and protection for your family.

Should I buy bottled water instead?

If you take the appropriate measures, you won’t have to go to such efforts to avoid drinking tap water in the future. Having said that, some people in Dubai choose to drink bottled water rather than tap water. Carrying hefty gallon jugs of water, on the other hand, may be a strenuous endeavor. Due to the availability of service providers who provide frequent delivery of drinking water to your home, this might be fairly handy. Restaurants will only provide bottled water going forward (either sparkling or still).

Before making a decision, it’s a good idea to educate yourself on the many types of bottled water available.

Some people utilize water from Dubai’s municipal sources.

Some bottled water companies add fluoride and minerals to their water, while others choose not to.

Wrap up

You’ve made it all the way to the end of the story. You’ve earned the title of Dubai water expert. As a thank you for reading this far, here are a handful of interesting facts. First and foremost, the demand for Dubai’s waterdrops increases by around 10 percent to 15 percent throughout the winter. First and foremost, despite the fact that Dubai is located in the desert and that water is a scarce resource, there are a number of waterparks in the city, including Wild Wadi Waterpark and Aquaventure Waterpark.

Where does Dubai get its water supply? – SidmartinBio

The desalination facilities in Dubai provide up to 99 percent of the city’s potable drinking water. Desalination plants are facilities that treat seawater to make it useable. Sea water from the Arabian Gulf is piped into DUBAL, the Dubai Aluminum facility, to keep the aluminum smelters cool during the summer months.

What body of water is Dubai by?

Gulf of Persia Located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf, Dubai is one of the seven emirates that make up the country of the United Arab Emirates.

How much water is there in Dubai?

The subterranean water reserves in the United Arab Emirates are now estimated to be 22,601 billion cubic feet. The overall amount of freshwater, on the other hand, is only estimated to be 706 billion cubic feet in volume. Groundwater resources are divided into two categories: nonrenewable (deep aquifers) and renewable (surface aquifers) (shallow aquifers).

Is Dubai water hard or soft?

Despite the fact that most desalinated water is soft, rumor on the street is that our water is hard (which means soap won’t lather properly in it) and that it is pumped with chlorine to make it taste better. Sunlight, chlorine and air conditioning are all drying to the hair, while heat and humidity can cause hair to become frizzy and unmanageable.

What is the main source of water in the UAE?

Groundwater In the United Arab Emirates, there are two sources of water: desalinated saltwater and groundwater.

While groundwater is utilized for agricultural purposes in Al Ain and Liwa, drinking water is obtained solely from desalinated saltwater throughout the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

How big is the water supply in Dubai?

Water Supply Dubai has a highly trained and experienced workforce, contemporary trucks driven by diesel engines, sanitized tanks, and machinery that is wonderfully propelled. We have water tankers with a range of carrying capacities, including 1,000 gallons, 1500 gallons, 2,500 gallons, 5,000 gallons, and 10,000 gallons. We also have a fleet of water trucks.

Which is the best mineral water in Dubai?

Mai Dubai is the major mineral water provider in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is committed to providing the highest quality drinking water in the region. Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Address: D63, Al Qudra Road, Yalayas, Dubai. To contact customer service, dial 800MAIDUBAI (800-62438224), or call +971 (4) 885 8905 or fax +971 (4) 885 3562. Masafi CO. LLC is based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Where are the water reservoirs in the UAE?

It is located at Al Dhafra in Liwa and has a storage capacity of 5.6 billion gallons of water, which is enough to give 180 litres of water per person for up to 90 days to 1 million people in the capital. In January, a model of the new Liwa water reservoir was unveiled during the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week event.

Are there sweet water tankers in Dubai, UAE?

Our transportation firm, which provides water tankers, operates across Dubai, United Arab Emirates. We have established ourselves as one of the most dependable firms in Dubai when it comes to the distribution of sweet water. We have been approved by the Dubai Municipality Authorities to provide sweet water in tankers.

Where does Dubai get its water from?

Did you know that the United Arab Emirates holds the global record for the construction of the world’s largest water reservoir, which is located in the Liwa Desert? Since its inception, Dubai has experienced tremendous growth, and its citizens have established extremely high and opulent living standards for themselves and for their families. The rapidly expanding population, as well as a big number of individuals flocking to the city of Dubai to live and enjoy the comforts that the city has to offer, have increased the need for water.

What is the main source of water in the UAE?

Groundwater is the primary source of fresh water in the United Arab Emirates, and it is of critical importance since it is utilized for rural and municipal supply, as well as for irrigation of date palms and other agricultural purposes. Groundwater in the United Arab Emirates, on the other hand, is brackish, making it unsuitable for drinking purposes. Some recharge dams have been constructed in order to prevent floodwater from mingling with saltwater and to increase the quantity of water available in aquifers during droughts.


It is the primary supply of fresh water in the UAE, and it is of critical importance since it is utilized for rural and urban supplies, as well as for irrigation of date palms and other agricultural purposes. Groundwater in the United Arab Emirates, on the other hand, is brackish, making it unsuitable for drinking. In an effort to prevent floodwater from mixing with seawater and to increase the quantity of water in aquifers, certain recharge dams have been constructed.

In addition to being one of the most renowned dams in the city of Dubai, Hatta water dam’s exquisite infrastructure has elevated it to the status of a popular tourist destination as well.

Desalinated water

Did you know that, behind Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates is the country with the biggest desalination capacity in the world? When it comes to drinking water and tap water used for residential purposes, the United Arab Emirates relies on desalinated saltwater. In Dubai, the desalination process takes place at the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority plants, with an estimated annual cost of about 11.8 Dirham for water desalination. Approximately 80% of the desalination plants employ co-generation multistage flash technology or multiple effect distillation, with just two desalination plants utilizing reverse osmosis RO plants technology.

Surface water

Surface water is defined as water that is present in bodies of water such as lakes, dams, small streams, and floodwater. Due to the environment of Dubai, it is difficult to collect a significant volume of surface water because the nation receives very little rainfall throughout the year and floodwater seeps into the earth. The country is in desperate need of finding a technique to store surface water so that it may be used when it is needed, as the yearly water consumption of the UAE is increasing year after year as a result of the country’s expanding population and increased tourist arrivals.

Treated Wastewater

Water cleaned from wastewater may also be used to cover part of Dubai’s water requirements. With appropriate investment in wastewater treatment facilities and the construction of sewage networks, Dubai’s government can ensure that treated wastewater may be used for beautifying roadways and watering of gardens throughout the nation.

Cloud Seeding

The United Arab Emirates has made significant financial investments in cloud seeding and artificial rainmaking. Aquifer and reservoir levels are raised by cloud seeding, which is most commonly carried out over the eastern mountain ranges along the border with Oman with the goal of raising water levels. This approach of boosting the water levels has shown to be effective in increasing the amount of water that precipitates, as evidenced by its success in causing rainstorms in the deserts of Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Is It Safe to Drink Tap Water in Dubai?

This is a question that many visitors to Dubai have in their minds when they arrive. People in the United States and the United Kingdom are accustomed to drinking water directly from their faucets. So what about the Emirate of Dubai? In general, you may drink the tap water in Dubai, which is a good thing. There is, however, a catch to this.

Water supply in Dubai

Dubai is a desert metropolis with a climate similar to that of the Sahara. Natural water sources are difficult to come by in Dubai. In order to meet its water needs, the city mostly uses desalinated saltwater. There are two primary desalination facilities in Dubai — one in Jebel Ali and the other in Al Kaffah — which serve the city’s residents. More than 80 percent of the city’s water requirements are met by these two treatment plants. In the last century, Dubai has developed into a major international economic center.

Many expats choose to reside in this country rather than their home countries for the majority of their life.

Within a few decades, a tiny city with a population of roughly 20,000 people grew into a metropolis, marking the fastest expansion ever recorded in human history.

In an arid country with few water resources, the sea was the only place to go for a vacation in Dubai.

In any case, it was a herculean task to complete. The fact that Dubai has not faced any water shortages in the previous two decades demonstrates the effectiveness of its planning. ReadThings to do in Dubai– A comprehensive guide to having fun and experiencing adventure in Dubai.

The quality of the tap water in Dubai

As a result, the level of living in Dubai is comparable to that of industrialized countries. There is excellent health care and education available, as well as some of the greatest roads in the world. But what about the water from the tap? The Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) is responsible for the management and oversight of water, cooking gas, and electricity in the city. When it comes to making sure the water supply is safe and clean, they go to considerable pains to ensure that it fulfills the World Health Organization’s guidelines for drinking water.

  1. The desalination is accomplished by the use of a procedure known as reverse osmosis.
  2. Following that, the water is chlorinated in order to eliminate any potentially hazardous microorganisms from it.
  3. However, this is not the case in Dubai.
  4. Some have even asserted that excessive fluorine consumption is harmful to one’s health.
  5. It is possible that supply pipes will be a source of pollution.
  6. The government, on the other hand, take stringent precautions to ensure that the pipes are cleaned on a regular basis.

Can you drink tap water in Dubai?

The tap water that you receive from the water distribution company is completely safe to consume. Furthermore, Dubai’s water delivery system has a significant excess reserve that will allow it to compensate even if the whole city of Dubai begins to drink and cook with tap water in the near future. Nevertheless, what about the tanks and pipelines in your structure? Are they safe to use? From the perspective of the customer, a few elements influence the quality of the water. The first is the quality of the pipe that was utilized.

In addition, the pipes must be cleaned on a regular basis.

Waste products from the water will sink to the bottom of the tank and build up in volume as time goes on.

Some people, on the other hand, make up for it by boiling the tap water.

Can you cook with tap water in Dubai?

All of Dubai’s cafés and restaurants cook with tap water, which is available everywhere. Aside from the fact that the water is totally safe, the cost of bottled water will increase, increasing the price of food. Bottled water is 50 times more expensive than tap water, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Some individuals go to extremes by cooking with bottled water, which they purchase in bulk. Plastic bottles have a negative influence on the environment and on people’s finances as a result of this behaviour.

When you cook with tap water instead of bottled water, you help to minimize the amount of plastic bottles that are thrown away. If you are still hesitant, consider that merely installing a water filter will save you a significant amount of money in the long term.

Should you buy bottled water?

It is estimated that the average citizen of Dubai uses around 275 liters of bottled water per year on average. This is one of the highest rates in the world. There are a few reasons why individuals choose to consume bottled water rather than tap water. The first is in terms of flavor. Despite the fact that 90 percent of bottled water firms utilize tap water, they add additional minerals to make the water taste better. It is the nature of RO (reverse osmosis) water treatment that it eliminates all of the minerals from the water.

  1. By installing a water filter in your house, you may remineralize the water and improve its taste.
  2. There is an abundance of bottled water accessible everywhere, and most people don’t bother to drink from the faucet.
  3. There are several urban legends around the health implications of tap water.
  4. Concerns have been raised concerning the safety of bottled water as well.
  5. Plastic bottles holding water are frequently left out in the blazing sun for several hours before they are delivered to your home or placed on shop shelves.
  6. Chemicals such as BPA can leak into the water as a result of the repeated usage of the bottles.

So what should you do?

Inquire with your landlord about the frequency with which he inspects and cleans the water system. It is not the responsibility of government officials to maintain storage tanks and plumbing in private residences. As a result, it is the building owner’s responsibility to ensure that regular maintenance is carried out. It is possible to evaluate the water quality if you are unsure about the plumbing and water storage arrangements at your site. A home test kit or a trip to a laboratory are both viable options in this situation.

And if you manage to locate it safely, congratulations!

The installation of a filtering system is the alternative.

Salination of the sea

There is a heated debate over the acquisition of massive quantities of freshwater from the sea. It is possible that the brine returns to the sea, causing a rise in the salt content of the Arabian Gulf as a result. Keep in mind that the Strait of Hormuz is the Gulf’s only access to the Arabian Sea, and it is just 96 kilometers wide at its narrowest point. As a result, the exchange of water is a little sluggish.

According to current estimates, it will take nine years to totally replace the water in the Arabian Gulf. As the output of desalination plants rises, it is possible that the salt of the water would rise to a level that is detrimental to marine life.

Is tap water bad for your skin and hair?

Another common complaint about Dubai’s tap water is that it promotes hair loss and greying, among other things. A large rise in hair loss has been reported by residents in the first few months of their residence in Dubai. There is some validity to the idea that drinking tap water promotes hair loss. Water with a high concentration of chlorine will cause the skin and scalp to become somewhat parched. Something else, however, is the most important element leading to dry skin. It’s possible that this is due to the fact that people who live in Dubai spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors in air-conditioned rooms.

Another aspect that may play a role is their own hectic lifestyle.

The best they can do is make your hair a bit more frizzy, which is the most they can do.

On the contrary, investigations have revealed that there is no sign of any of these substances in the water.

A vitamin shortage or oxidative stress, on the other hand, might be the cause.

This is not to imply that shower filters are inherently evil.

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