United Arab Emirates – Dubai
- Absolute ownership, not restricted in time, ie freehold.
- Grant – this is land which is ‘granted’ by the Ruler of Dubai to citizens of the United Arab Emirates and which can be taken back by the Ruler as he wishes.
- Usufruct – this is similar in nature to a lease but is a ‘real’ right.
What landforms are in Dubai?
Dubai’s topography mainly consists of fine, white sandy deserts and a flat coastline. East of the city, however, there are sand dunes that are made up of darker reddish sand. Farther east from Dubai is the Hajjar Mountains which are rugged and undeveloped. The climate of Dubai is considered hot and arid.
What types of landforms would you find in UAE?
While most of the United Arab Emirates is largely desert and coastal plains, one emirate, Al Fujairah, is in a mountainous region on the Gulf of Oman. The limestone Al-Hajar mountains surround Al Fujairah and stretch down into Oman, along the coast, and the make the emirate rainier and cooler than the desert emirates.
Who owns the land in Dubai?
In Dubai, foreign ownership is permitted in areas designated as freehold. Foreigners (who don’t live in the UAE) and expatriate residents may acquire freehold ownership rights over property without restriction, usufruct rights, or leasehold rights for up to 99 years.
How is Dubai divided?
The population of Dubai city is about 1.4 million, and geographically Dubai divided into two parts, the Gulf of Dubai Creek and southern section called “Bur Dubai”.
What are the landforms?
A landform is a feature on the Earth’s surface that is part of the terrain. Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
Where are the mountains in the UAE?
Within the mountain range of the UAE, a secret world of brooks, caves, rock pools and creatures come awake at night. Mountains border the desert landscape of Eastern UAE in Al Ain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. Ras al Khaimah is home to UAE’s tallest mountain, Jebel Al Jais as part of the Hajar Mountain range.
Can an Indian buy land in Dubai?
can Indian citizen buy property in Dubai? Yes, Indian citizen buys property in Dubai.
Is JVC a freehold?
Jumeirah Village Circle (JVC) is an emerging neighbourhood in Dubai, with a mix of established and under-construction projects. A freehold master development by Nakheel launched in 2005, JVC is built over an area of over 870 hectares and is estimated to have approximately 28 residential projects under construction.
Can you get citizenship in Dubai?
Emirati nationality law governs citizenship eligibility in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The law is primarily jus sanguinis. Foreigners may be naturalized and granted citizenship, but the process is limited due to the declining share of the Emirati population and fears of national identity loss.
What are the 14 districts in Dubai?
Districts of Dubai
- Al Bastakiya.
- Al Karama.
- Bur Dubai.
- Business Bay.
- Downtown Dubai.
- Dubai Marina.
How many districts are there in Dubai?
In 2016, a new addressing system was launched which involved dividing the emirate into 14 districts.
Landforms in the UAE
Dubai Creek is a wetlands area that is also home to a huge urbanization. ) Photo courtesy of Sam Robinson through Photodisc/Getty Images. ) Modern pictures of the United Arab Emirates, notably the busy cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi, typically feature gravity-defying skyscrapers and man-made landscapes, but the country is still home to some of the natural beauties that paved the way for its colonization and development. In wetlands and isolated islands, wildlife may be seen nesting, and towering mountains in the east contrast with the flat western coastal terrain, while water-rich oasis provide a welcome relief from the country’s inhospitable desert wastelands.
Many of the most recognizable islands in the United Arab Emirates, such as the Palm Islands archipelago in Dubai, are man-made, although the nation also has a number of natural islands. It is not possible to travel to Bu Tinah because to the presence of rare marine and bird life. The archipelago, which is near Abu Dhabi and surrounded by coral reefs, is restricted to tourists due to the presence of rare marine and bird life. Saadiyat Island, which is approximately 10 square miles in size and connected to the mainland by two bridges, is also located off the coast of Abu Dhabi.
A few more tiny islands off the coast of the nation are currently mostly used for industrial reasons.
While the vast majority of the United Arab Emirates is comprised of desert and coastal plains, one emirate, Al Fujairah, is located in a hilly location on the Gulf of Oman, making it unique among the other emirates. Due to the presence of the limestone Al-Hajar mountains, which encircle Al Fujairah and extend down into Oman, along the coast, the emirate is significantly more rainy and cooler than the desert emirates. The most well-known mountain in the area is Jebel Hefeet, a 4,100-foot summit with an extensive cave system and hot springs in the surrounding area.
Jebel Yibir is an even higher mountain near the Oman border, however it is far less developed than the other two peaks in the area.
The United Arab Emirates is home to a few noteworthy oasis, which have played a crucial role in the development of desert peoples throughout history. Al Ain, located in Abu Dhabi, is home to seven oasis, the biggest of which was formerly a vital commercial hub along historic trade routes. Although the oasis is no longer used for date cultivation, it is nonetheless popular with tourists because of its Bedouin-style architecture and traditional homes.
It is also home to a few settlements in the Liwa Oasis, which is located in the Rub al Khali desert to the south of Abu Dhabi. The surrounding desert is huge and forbidding, with towering sand dunes and scorching temperatures to match the scorching temperatures.
The Ras Al Khor wetlands, located just a short distance from Dubai’s huge constructions, continue to serve as an important natural home for local animals, including a few endangered species. It’s one of the few remaining wetlands along Dubai Creek after decades of development in the 1970s and 1980s, and it’s now protected by the government of the United Arab Emirates. Mangroves, wading birds, and fish are among the species that inhabit the area’s flora and fauna. Only those who have obtained a permit from Dubai’s Environmental Department are permitted to enter.
He previously worked as a business reporter for the New Jersey newspaper “The Press of Atlantic City” and the Texas newspaper “TheFacts” in Freeport.
Geography of Dubai – Wikipedia
The Ras Al Khor wetlands, which are within a short distance from Dubai’s expansive constructions, continue to serve as an important natural home for local animals, including a few endangered and threatened species. Following construction along Dubai Creek in the 1970s and 1980s, it is one of the few remaining wetlands in the area, and the government of Dubai has designated it as a protected natural area. Mangroves, wading birds, and fish are among the species of flora and wildlife that may be found there.
References Resources Biographical Information about the Author.
He previously worked as a business reporter for the New Jersey newspaper “The Press of Atlantic City” and the Texas newspaper “TheFacts” in Freeport, Texas.
Agricultural land accounts for 4.6 percent of total land area (2018 est.) 0.5 percent of the total land area is arable (2018 est.) Permanent crops account for 0.5 percent of all crops (2018 est.) 3.6 percent of the land is permanently pastured (2018 est.) forested area: 3.8 percent (2018 est.) 91.6 percent of the population is other (2018 est.) Definition:This item provides the percentage shares of total land area devoted to three main categories of land use: agriculture, forestry, and urban development.
land for agriculture, forest, and other uses; Permanent crops- land cultivated for crops such as citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest, as well as land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines- and permanent pasturesand meadows- land used for at least five years or more to grow herbaceous forage, either cultivated or growing nasturtiums- land used for at least five years or more to grow herbaceous forage, either cultivated or growing n A forestarea is defined as land with trees higher than five meters and a canopy cover of more than 10%, including windbreaks, shelterbelts, and corridors of trees greater than 0.5 hectare and at least 20 meters wide; land classified asother includes built-up areas, roads and other transportation features, barren land or wasteland; and land classified asother includes land classified asother includes built-up areas, roads and other transportation features, barren land or wasteland.
The information on this page was last updated on Saturday, September 18, 2021, according to the CIA World Factbook.
United Arab Emirates – Land
The United Arab Emirates is somewhat less in size than Portugal in terms of surface area. It is bordered on the west and south by Saudi Arabia, and on the east and northeast by the Sultanate of Oman. The actual location of the country’s borders has been a source of contention. It is uncertain whether or not a 1974 secret deal between the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, which was supposed to have addressed their three boundary issues, had legal status in the United States. A section of coastline that borders Qatar to the northwest, which the United Arab Emirates alleges was transferred to it by Saudi Arabia in the 1974 agreement, is the subject of a dispute between the two countries.
Aside from that, the emirates have been involved in a dispute with Iran over the sovereignty of three islands: Ab Ms, Greater Tunb, and Lesser Tunb (also known as ‘unb al-Kubr’ and ‘unb al-ughr’).
Almost the whole nation is desert, with large expanses of sand in certain locations. Some of the world’s biggest sand dunes may be seen east of Aradah in the oasis of Lwa, which are located in the desert. Al-Ain is a significant oasis complex located around 100 miles (160 kilometers) east of Abu Dhabi. The northern extension of the Ajar Mountains (which are shared by Oman and the Musandam Peninsula) is the only other significant relief feature in the eastern section of theMusandam Peninsula; altitudes reach around 6,500 feet (2,000 metres) at their highest point.
In contrast, there are no natural deepwater harbors in the UAE; both Dubai’s Port Rishd and the massive Port Jebel Ali, which is located 20 miles (32 kilometers) southwest of the city, were built by humans, as were the main ports in Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, and Ras al-Khaimah.
The vast majority of the land is desert, with large expanses of sand. Arid deserts east of Aradah have some of the world’s biggest sand dunes, which are known as the Lwa sand dunes. Al-Ain is a significant oasis complex located around 100 miles (160 kilometers) east of the capital. The northern extension of the Ajar Mountains (which are shared by Oman and the Musandam Peninsula) is the only other significant relief feature in the eastern section of theMusandam Peninsula; altitudes reach around 6,500 feet (2,000 meters) at their highest point.
Natural deepwater harbors, on the other hand, are nonexistent in the UAE; both Dubai’s Port Rishd and the massive Port Jebel Ali, located 20 miles (32 kilometers) southwest of the city, as well as significant ports in Abu Dhabi, Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah, are man-made structures.
With three natural harbours— Dibba, Khor Fakkan, and Kalbu—the shoreline of the Gulf of Oman is more regular than the coast of the Arabian Sea.
The climate near the coast is hot and humid, and it is even hotter and drier in the inland, which is hot and dry. Rainfall is only 4 to 6 inches (100 to 150 mm) on average every year, with significant variations from one year to the next. The average temperature in January is 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius), while the average temperature in July is 91 degrees Fahrenheit (33 degrees Celsius). Summertime highs can reach 115 degrees Fahrenheit (46 degrees Celsius) near the coast and 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius) or more in the desert.
Plant and animal life
Given the desert environment, vegetation is sparse and mostly restricted to low bushes that give feed to nomadic herds. However, millions of trees, particularly mangroves, have been planted in Abu Dhabi, providing habitat for a diverse range of species. Date palms and alfalfa are grown in the oasis, along with other crops (lucerne). Fruits are cultivated in the Al-Ayn oasis, which are located east of Abu Dhabi and are particularly famous for their mangoes. Goats, sheep, and camels are among the domesticated animals found on the island; cattle and poultry, which were brought just recently, are also present.
Schools of mackerel, grouper, tuna, and porgies, as well as sharks and the rare whale, may be found in the Gulf of Mexico’s waters.
Arabian oryxArabian oryx is a kind of oryx found in Arabia (Oryx leucoryx).
Given the desert environment, vegetation is sparse and mostly restricted to low bushes that give feed to nomadic herds. However, millions of trees, particularly mangroves, have been planted in Abu Dhabi, creating habitats for a variety of species in the process. Date palms and alfalfa are grown in abundance in the oasis (lucerne). Various fruits are cultivated, with the Al-Ayn oasis in the UAE’s easternmost province being particularly famous for its mangoes. Dairy cattle and poultry have recently been brought to the area, along with tamed goats, sheep, and camels, as well as other animals.
Schools of mackerel, grouper, tuna, and porgies, as well as sharks and the rare whale, may be found in the Gulf of Mexico’s deep waters.
Saudi Arabia’s national animal, the Arabian oryx (also known as the Arabian ox) (Oryx leucoryx). Rod Moon—National Audubon Society Photographic Collection/Photographers
10 Facts You Should Know about Dubai
Based on the population of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai is the most populous emirate in the country. As of 2008, the population of Dubai was 2,262,000 people. It is also the second-largest emirate in terms of land area (after Abu Dhabi) in terms of population. Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates that is located along the Persian Gulf and is regarded to be part of the Arabian Desert. Around the world, the emirate is referred to as a global city, as well as a business and financial hub.
The following is a list of 10 additional geographic facts about Dubai that you should be aware of:
- The first written reference of the Dubai region is found in the Book of Geography by the Andalusian-Arab geographer Abu Abdullah al Bakri, who lived around 1095. By the late 1500s, Dubai was well-known among traders and merchants for its pearl business
- Dubai was legally created in the early 19th century, although it remained a dependant of Abu Dhabi until 1833, when it became an independent state. The General Maritime Peace Treaty with the United Kingdom was signed by the sheikh of Dubai on January 8, 1820, in Dubai. It was under this contract that the British military provided security to Dubai and the other Trucial Sheikhdoms, as they were known at the time
- But, in 1968, the United Kingdom opted to terminate its treaty with the Trucial Sheikhdoms. As a consequence, six of them, including Dubai, came together on December 2, 1971, to become the United Arab Emirates. While oil and trading revenues continued to flow in throughout the rest of the 1970s, Dubai’s economy began to expand significantly. Today, Dubai and Abu Dhabi are two of the most powerful emirates in the United Arab Emirates, and they are the only two that have veto power in the country’s federal legislature. Dubai has a strong economy that was built on the oil industry. Dubai’s economy was built on the oil industry. Today, however, oil accounts for only a minor percentage of Dubai’s economy, with the vast bulk of the country’s resources going towards real estate and construction, commerce, and financial services. India is one of the most important commercial partners for Dubai. In addition, tourism and the accompanying service sector are important sectors in Dubai. As previously said, real estate is one of the most important industries in Dubai, and it is also a contributing factor to the city’s developing tourist industry. For example, the Burj al Arab, the world’s fourth-tallest and one of the most costly hotels, was erected on an artificial island off the coast of Dubai in 1999 and is the world’s fourth-most expensive hotel overall. In addition, luxury residential structures, including the world’s tallest man-made structure, theBurj Khalifa or Burj Dubai, can be found throughout Dubai. Dubai is located on the Persian Gulf and shares borders with Abu Dhabi to the south, Sharjah to the north, and Oman to the southeast
- It is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates. In addition to Hatta, which is located approximately 71 miles (115 km) east of Dubai in the Hajjar Mountains, Dubai has a total land area of 1,588 square miles (4,114 sq km), which was originally 1,500 square miles (3,900 sq km) but has now been increased to 1,588 square miles (4,114 sq km) due to land reclamation and the construction of the artificial islands. Dubai’s topography is primarily composed of fine, white sandy deserts and a flat coastline. There are sand dunes, however, that are made up of a deeper reddish sand that may be seen east of the city. In the far eastern reaches of Dubai, there are the Hajjar Mountains, which are steep and underdeveloped
- The climate in Dubai is considered hot and desert. The majority of the year is sunny, with summers that are exceptionally hot, dry, and occasionally windy. Winters are moderate and do not endure for a lengthy period of time. The average high temperature in August in Dubai is 106 degrees Fahrenheit (41 degrees Celsius). The average temperature in June and September is over 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius), whereas the average low temperature in January is 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius).
Expatriates buying a property in the UAE
Expatriates can hold properties in Abu Dhabi solely in the form of floors and flats, not lands, under the provisions of Law No. 19 of 2005 Concerning the Regulation of the Real Estate Sector, which is divided into four primary systems:
- Ownership In exchange for purchasing residential units, expatriates are provided ownership deeds for a term of 99 years, which allows them to completely sell the flats and villas they purchase (land is not included). Musataha Expatriates have the right to possess residential units for a duration of 50 years, which can be extended by mutual consent for an additional period of 50 years. Masataha contracts grant the right to the property owner to use, construct, or change the property within the time period stipulated in the contract. Expatriates can hold residential properties for 99 years under the Usufruct Expatriates Act. With the usufruct contract, the owner is granted the right to enjoy the use of the property and its amenities without having the ability to alter them. Lease for an extended period of time
In most cases, long-term leases are granted for an initial duration of not less than 25 years. In Abu Dhabi, there are designated zones for ownership. There are nine zones in Abu Dhabi where foreigners are permitted to acquire real estate assets, according to the UAE government. Yas Island, Saadiyat, Reem, Mariya, Lulu, Al Raha Beach, Sayh Al Sedairah, Al Reef, and Masdar City are some of the destinations. Learn more about the rules and regulations that apply to expats who own property in Abu Dhabi.
Foreigners now have the ability to purchase real estate in Abu Dhabi investment regions, thanks to an amendment issued to the Abu Dhabi Real Estate Law in April 2019.
Three types of property rights are specified in Article 3 I according to which the right to own property is confined to three categories.
- Individuals who are Emirati citizens, whether natural or legal persons
- Public holding firms in whom non-nationals possess less than 49 percent of the stock
- And anybody to whom a decision is granted by the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince or President of the Executive Council
Foreign nationals, whether natural or legal persons, have the right to possess and acquire all original and in-kind interests in real estate properties located inside investment regions, according to Article 3 (ii). Article 4 provides that those who have held a ‘usufruct’ or’musataha’ for more than ten years have the right to dispose of the property, including the right to mortgage, without the approval of the landlord. The landlord, on the other hand, may not mortgage the property unless the usufruct or musataha holder has given his or her agreement.
The complete story may be seen on the Abu Dhabi Government’s website (Tamm).
Buying property in Dubai
Foreign ownership is permissible in freehold districts in Dubai, which are classified as such. Foreigners (who do not reside in the UAE) and expatriate residents have the option of acquiring freehold ownership rights over property without limitation, usufruct rights over property, or leasehold rights over property for a period of up to 99 years. The land plots classified as freehold properties are listed in Article 3 of Regulation No. 3 of 2006 Determining Areas for Ownership by Non-Nationals of Real Property in the Emirate of Dubai (pages 129-132), which may be found on pages 129-132.
In Dubai, there is no restriction on the age at which one can own property. More information about property ownership and leasing may be found in Dubai Real Estate Legislation. For further information about purchasing property in the United Arab Emirates, please contact:
- There are several agencies in Dubai, including the Dubai Land Department and the Real Estate Regulatory Agency.
Find a list of approved brokers in Dubai.
Land Reclamation: Meaning, Types & Environmental Impacts
Advertisements What do some of the most populous cities in the Middle East have in common with one another? Despite the dry climatic conditions and overall scarcity of fertile land, large metropolises such as Dubai and Abu Dhabi have risen and seen exponential expansion in recent years. The construction on reclaimed land in Dubai is responsible for the city’s distinctively formed islands. This contains the island on which the Burj Al Arab hotel, the world’s most recognized landmark, is located.
If reclaiming land in order to generate additional room for homes and business is a feasible, why aren’t more countries taking advantage of the opportunity?
The Burj Al Arab is built on ground that has been reclaimed.
What is Reclaimed Land?
Land reclamation is the process of generating new land through artificial means. This is accomplished either by draining muddy regions or by filling existing water bodies such as oceans, seas, and riverbeds with freshwater to replenish them. Reclaimed land, reclaimed ground, and landfill are all terms used to describe the new land that is formed as a consequence of this process.
Why is Land Reclaimed?
Using land reclamation techniques, it is possible to generate new land for homes, agriculture, and industry. Reclaimed land is most frequently seen in coastal cities, where it is used to expand housing capacity and construct ports. Previously useless land is being recovered in more dry places in order to encourage local agriculture and enhance irrigation.
Methods and Types of Land Reclamation
The method used for land reclamation varies based on the geography of the area, the availability of resources, and the laws of the country.
- Using infill as a form of land reclamation is the most often employed method of land reclamation. Essentially, it includes flooding the reclaimed area with massive quantities of dry rock and dirt
- And Land dredging is a process of removing sediments and debris from the water bed in order to eliminate the natural sedimentation that happens and builds over time in artificially formed ports. Draining: When recovering land from drowned wetlands, artificial draining is a frequent means of doing so. As a result of the soil’s high nutritional content and fertility, this is often done for agricultural purposes. Pondering is the term used in the Netherlands to describe the process of pumping water out of marshes. Arid land reclamation with irrigation: In order to reclaim land in arid and semi-arid regions, irrigation systems are installed in order to supply water to the dry soil and make it more productive. In most cases, this is done for agricultural purposes, and examples may be seen in the deserts of the Middle East as well as the Columbia Basin.
Examples of Land Reclamation
Cebu City’s commercial center is located in the Philippines’ capital city. Many noteworthy instances of reclaimed land may be seen in the busy Indian metropolis of Mumbai, the Barceloneta district of Barcelona in Spain, and Battery Park City in Manhattan, New York, all of which are located on or near the shoreline. What we now know as the city of Mumbai was previously a collection of seven islands that, via the process of land reclamation, were united into a single massive landmass by 1845 and became known as the metropolis of Mumbai.
- The Palm Islands are made up of three man-made islands that were constructed on reclaimed land: Palm Jumeirah, Deira Island, and Palm Jebel Ali.
- The Palm Jumeirah Island in Dubai, which is fashioned like a palm tree and built on reclaimed ground, is a popular tourist destination.
- It was in the 1970s in the Dutch city of Rotterdam that the first significant modern-day land reclamation project was completed, which allowed the port to be expanded by reclaiming the sea around the city.
- The first land reclamation project in Singapore was carried out in 1822, and it was a success.
- Throughout the nineteenth century, and even now, the only viable option to maintaining Singapore’s growing population has been the reclamation of land from the sea.
- As a result of land reclamation efforts, the mangrove cover in Singapore has been decreased by 95 percent, lowering the various environmental advantages they bring, such as the reduction of air pollution and the prevention of soil erosion, which have been diminished by this reduction.
- The area was recovered from the Hudson River by excavating rocks and dirt from the World Trade Center site during the construction of the building.
- In order to accommodate landing strips, extensive runways must be constructed, which is not always achievable in popular island communities owing to topographical limits.
- Singapore’s Changi Airport is another example of a port that has been constructed on reclaimed land.
Because of Panama City’s rapidly expanding economy, which has resulted in a high demand for homes and commercial buildings, large sections of the city have been constructed on top of reclaimed ground.
Environmental Impact of Land Reclamation
The practice of land reclamation is intrinsically harmful to natural ecosystems since it has the potential to modify the natural shoreline as well as the bed of the water table. Aside from the subject of where the fill material will come from, there is also the issue of how much land will be created. As a result of gathering the rocks and dirt to fill in the specified region, it is possible that existing landmasses may be destroyed. Land reclamation, if not done properly, can result in long-term difficulties such as soil erosion and an increase in the likelihood of floods occurring.
- In addition to long-term concerns, there might be some short-term disruptions, such as negative affects on air and water quality, which can make it impossible for flora and animals to thrive in some areas.
- For example, in Singapore, the substantial loss of coral has been directly connected to land reclamation initiatives, which have resulted in the destruction of coral reefs.
- The Maasvlakte 2 reclamation project in the Netherlands is expected to result in the irreversible destruction of natural ecosystems.
- In addition to the environmental consequences, it has resulted in a decline in the number of fishing areas available to local fishermen.
- In 2000, 17 percent of the land in the Netherlands was recovered, and the percentage has continued to rise since that time.
- A number of further initiatives are being considered to expand the area even further.
- As important as it is for a nation’s growth to support its economy and provide homes for its citizens, these activities must be done in a planned and regulated manner to guarantee that we live in harmony with the natural environment.
All About Freehold vs Leasehold Property in Dubai –
- Property ownership differs depending on whether it is a leasehold or freehold property. Leasehold property ownership vs. freehold property ownership
- Frequently Asked Questions
Are you an expat or a foreign investor wanting to invest in real estate in the United Arab Emirates? The first step in selecting your ideal home or investment property in Dubai is to get familiar with the various kinds of property ownership available to foreigners in the country. The distinctions between leasehold and freehold ownership in Dubai must be understood by prospective homeowners and investors in order for them to make an informed choice regarding their property acquisition.
Continue reading to discover more about property ownership regulations in Dubai, the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of ownership, and the most popular regions in the city to locate leasehold and freehold homes.
LEASEHOLD VS FREEHOLD PROPERTY OWNERSHIP IN DUBAI –THE DIFFERENCE
Real estate ownership by foreigners and expatriates was initially permitted in Dubai, which was the first emirate in the United Arab Emirates to do so in defined regions or zones. The Dubai government allowed foreigners the ability to acquire property on a leasehold basis in 2001, and the practice has continued to this day. It was in 2002 that a law was established allowing foreigners to own freehold property in Dubai. In order to properly compare leasehold versus freehold property, it’s important to understand the distinctions between these two forms of ownership.
Here’s a short explanation of the two categories of property ownership available in Dubai: affluent and middle-class.
- Purchase of a property on a leasehold basis gives you the right to use the property for a certain period of time, which is a maximum of 99 years if you acquire it outright. You will not, however, be the legal owner of the property’s land. When it comes down to it, the freeholder retains ultimate ownership of the land. Freehold ownership: Those who purchase real estate on a freehold basis have complete ownership of the property as well as the land on which it is built. Afterwards, the owner has the option to sell the property, lease it, or live in it as he wishes.
Now that you’re familiar with the differences between leasehold and freehold property ownership in Dubai, let’s have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of leasehold versus freehold properties. Purchase of leasehold property in Dubai is available to expats for a duration of 99 years, which is commonly extended.
LEASEHOLD OWNERSHIP IN DUBAI
When you purchase leasehold property, you are purchasing the right to occupy the property for a specific amount of time, similar to a long-term lease. This lease period is typically for 99 years, however it can be shorter in rare cases depending on the circumstances. This type of property ownership in Dubai only offers the buyer ownership rights to the unit purchased, not to the ground on which the unit is built. The ownership of the bought property unit reverts to the freeholder at the conclusion of the term of the lease.
PROS OF BUYING LEASEHOLD PROPERTY IN DUBAI
- Alternatively, the leaseholder may choose to renew the contract at the end of its term and continue to reside in the property
- Owners of leasehold properties in Dubai will only be liable for minor repairs if the property is in poor condition. A freehold owner’s duty for repairs, especially if they have an influence on the structure of the property, is common in most circumstances. The average sales price for leasehold homes may be slightly lower than the average sales price for freehold buildings.
CONS OF BUYING LEASEHOLD PROPERTY IN DUBAI
- For example, one of the most important characteristics of leasehold ownership in Dubai that purchasers should be aware of is the fact that any renovations to a property, including remodeling, alterations, or reconstruction, require written clearance from the freehold owner. Leaseholders may also be subject to additional limitations, such as those pertaining to subletting the property or keeping pets.
When it comes to freehold vs leasehold homes, each have their advantages and disadvantages.
FREEHOLD PROPERTY OWNERSHIP
This kind of property ownership provides the buyer with complete ownership of the unit as well as the land on which the property is built, with no time limits attached. Property ownership regulations in Dubai state that the Dubai Land Department will record the freehold buyer’s name as the ‘landowner’ in the registry and issue them with a title document for the property, which they will keep for life. With freehold properties, the Palm Jumeirah is one of Dubai’s most sought-after neighborhoods.
When the owner goes away, the property might be inherited by one of the heirs.
Foreign residents residing abroad, in addition to expatriates, have the option to purchase ready-to-move-in or off-plan property on a freehold basis in the approved zones.
PROS OF BUYING FREEHOLD PROPERTY IN DUBAI
- Purchasing a freehold property in Dubai will provide the owner entire authority over the unit as well as the land on which it is situated. Freehold property owners in Dubai have the freedom to redesign or repair their unit structures anyway they see appropriate, as long as they adhere to the criteria established by the developer. The family will retain ownership of the freehold property. If the owner dies, the property will be passed on to an heir
- The owner will be able to sell, lease, or occupy freehold property in Dubai at their discretion
- The owner of freehold property in Dubai and their family will be eligible for renewable UAE residence visas, provided they meet certain requirements. Owners of freehold property in the UAE may be eligible for 5- and 10-year resident visas with the introduction of long-term residency visas in the country
- The fact that potential purchasers may choose from a large number of different homes is another advantage of freehold ownership. A large number of freehold properties are available in Dubai’s designated zones, which are also known as “freehold regions.” These homes are available to suit a variety of budgets, preferences, and requirements. Owners of freehold property can also reap the benefits of a high rate of return on their investments. According to the property management company, the flats for sale in Dubai Silicon Oasis generate an average rental return of 7 percent.
CONS OF BUYING FREEHOLD PROPERTY IN DUBAI
- Owners of freehold properties in Dubai will be responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of their properties. When a property owner leases it out to a tenant, the renter will be liable for any substantial repairs or maintenance.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Leasehold homes are uncommon in Dubai, since most purchasers and investors prefer freehold properties, which provide a more thorough ownership experience owing to the more extensive ownership they provide.
There are leasehold homes available in some places, such as Dubai Silicon Oasis and Green Community, for prospective purchasers to consider. It is feasible to purchase properties on a leasehold basis in the other locations that have been designated for foreign investment.
WHERE CAN I BUY FREEHOLD PROPERTY IN DUBAI?
Leasehold homes are uncommon in Dubai, since most purchasers and investors prefer freehold properties, which provide a more full ownership experience owing to the greater flexibility they provide. Certain places, such as Dubai Silicon Oasis and Green Community, provide leasehold homes to prospective purchasers. In the other locations designated for foreign ownership, it is allowed to purchase property on a leasehold basis.
LEASEHOLD VS FREEHOLD: WHICH TYPE OF PROPERTY OWNERSHIP IN DUBAI IS RIGHT FOR YOU?
In order to make an informed decision about whether to purchase a freehold or a leasehold property, it is critical to understand the legal rights and duties associated with each kind of ownership. The most noticeable distinction between freehold and leasehold ownership is the degree of control that the owner has over the property. As a result, freehold owners have greater control over their property unit and the land surrounding it, allowing them to refurbish and make structural improvements whenever they see fit.
- However, in practical terms, 99 years is a lengthy period of time, and leasehold owners do have some influence over their property.
- Other considerations include your long-term requirements, the utilization of the property, and your financial situation.
- In a nutshell, both approaches have their advantages.
- To avoid disappointment, make sure to conduct thorough research before purchasing a property in Dubai, as it is a significant financial investment.
- It’s also a good idea to understand more about the restrictions for foreigners who want to acquire property in the United Arab Emirates.
- Continue to follow MyBayut for more information about the UAE’s real estate industry!
Buying property in Dubai as a foreigner
A move to Dubai has been contemplated by many potential expats, whether it’s because of the appeal of a lavish lifestyle or the temptation of living tax-free in the United Arab Emirates. Due to the abundance of malls and beaches, thousands of high-end shops and restaurants, thriving industry, as well as activities such as dune surfing or outdoor-activities-made-indoors such as skiing, both visitors and prospective residents find it difficult to overlook the numerous advantages of living in the middle eastern city.
- Since the passage of the Freehold Law in 2002, foreigners have been able to purchase, sell, and rent property in Dubai without the need for any specific permits or approvals, making it a distinct option.
- Despite this, a comparable percentage of inhabitants – slightly less than 70% – do not own their own home in the city of Los Angeles.
- Another major stumbling block?
- But if you can get over those roadblocks, owning real estate might be your ticket to a lucrative investment or a truly enjoyable way of life.
Regardless, it is critical to fully comprehend the complexities of purchasing real estate in Dubai before making a decision to acquire a home. This guide will lead you through the process of purchasing a home in the emirate and will answer any questions you may have.
What’s the property market like in Dubai?
The real estate market in Dubai has had a number of ups and downs in recent years, however the industry as a whole is regarded to be rather stable overall. Even still, house prices declined by 17 percent from 2014 and 2016, with additional declines anticipated in 2017, despite a little increase in December 2016. At the present, analysts are divided on whether this is the bottom of the market – and if the trend will continue upward from here – or whether there will be another decline before the trend reverses.
Can foreigners buy property in Dubai?
Yes. Foreigners can now purchase, sell, and rent property in Dubai without the need for any additional licences or rules, according to legislative amendments made in 2002.
What’s the approximate cost of different properties in Dubai?
You should have an approximate estimate of how much an apartment, a house, or land should cost before you begin your property search before you begin your search. This table contains some examples of current property values in a few Dubai localities, as seen in the following:
|Neighborhood||Property Type||Average Cost|
|Dubai Marina||Two bedroom apartment||AED 2,450,000|
|Dubai Marina||Three bedroom villa||AED 3,850,000|
|Al Barsha||Two bedroom apartment||AED 1,250,000|
|Al Barsha||Three bedroom villa||AED 3,000,000|
|Al Barsha||1200 m2 / 12000 ft2 plot||AED 4,000,000|
|Garhoud||Two bedroom apartment||AED 1,580,000|
|Garhoud||Three bedroom villa||AED 3,200,000|
|Culture Village||1850 m2 / 18500 ft2 plot||AED 28,000,000|
This information was obtained fromBayutjune 2017. While these prices serve as an excellent illustration, it’s crucial to realize that there is a considerable rate of difference across flats, even within the same area, and that this may be quite frustrating. Prices for a villa or apartment of the same size might vary by AED 500,000 depending on several factors such as the facilities, upkeep, the year the home was constructed, and so on.
How can I find a property in Dubai?
Property in Dubai may be divided into three primary “types,” each of which corresponds to a distinct kind of land or residence and can be purchased as a foreigner in any of the three categories.
Freehold property is generally sought after by foreigners wishing to make a long-term investment since it is considered to be the most desired. The ownership of freehold properties is completely yours, and you may sell, rent, or pass them on as an inheritance as you see fit. In contrast to dwellings or flats, freehold property is most typically linked with undeveloped land parcels; nonetheless, purchasing pre-fabricated homes under a freehold structure is not unusual. If you want to acquire a freehold home, you’ll need to do so through a real estate developer who has been approved by the government of the emirate where you’ll be living.
- Meraas Estates LLC, Zabeel Investments, Al Fajer Properties, Al Manal Development FZCO, and KM Properties LLC are among the companies involved.
A list of companies that own or control real estate includes Meraas Estates LLC, Zabeel Investments, Al Fajer Properties, Al Manal Development FZCO, KM Properties LLC, and KM Real Estate LLC.
Another sort of property arrangement is usufruct*, which may be thought of as a long-term lease in its most basic sense. You have complete freedom to do whatever you choose with a usufruct property, with the exception of destroying it.
If you’re buying commercial or residential real estate, the length of your lease will range from 10 to 100 years, depending on your agreements and whether you’re buying in a city or rural area.
The fourth form of property is a commonhold, which is most similar to condos in other nations in terms of layout and design. Owning a commonhold property offers you the same rights as owning a freehold property, including the ability to buy, sell, rent, and pass the property on as an inheritance. In contrast to this, commonhold properties are often apartments, and owners are forced to pay maintenance fees for the building and its common facilities, which are normally held by the developer, in addition to their own rent.
- Luxhabitat, Bayut, BetterHomes, Dubizzle, and Property Finder are just a few examples.
How do I choose the right property?
The following websites are recommended: Luxhabitat, Bayut, BetterHomes, Dubizzle, Property Finder, and others.
Traffic is important
It is well known that traffic in Dubai is terrible, and the highways leading from Sharjah to Dubai can be a headache to navigate. For those who must commute into the city center, it is essential to assess the distance between potential properties and even to have a test drive before making your final decision.
Choose the right neighborhood
There is a lot of traffic in Dubai, and the highways leading from Sharjah to Dubai may be a real nightmare at times. For those who must commute into the city center, it is essential to examine the distance between potential properties and even to have a test drive before selecting one.
- Dubai Marina, Al Barsha, Garhoud, International City, and The Greens are some of the neighborhoods of Dubai.
Pay attention to parking
Parking may not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about purchasing a prefabricated home or apartment. In Dubai, on the other hand, choosing a house that does not have any sort of covered parking space might be a costly error. With summer temperatures hovering over 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit), automobiles that are left outside not only become unbearably hot to drive, but they also begin to degrade fast.
What are the steps to buying a property as a foreigner?
Some of the most important actions to take while purchasing a home are as follows:
- Choosing the sort of property you want to buy: a villa or an apartment, a parcel of land, or even a business space
- Execute an internet search for available homes to purchase
- Contact a real estate agent or, more often, directly contact a developer for further information about the property. Make certain that you are authorized to acquire land
- You must be legally permitted to reside in Dubai, and you must have a consistent income. Select a piece of property
- Make a deposit on your home
- Acquire a mortgage or a house loan from a financially trustworthy institution
- Deeds of transfer
- You must pay the land registry tax.
What are the legal requirements to buying a property in Dubai?
-If you run into any difficulties during the purchasing procedure, it is recommended that you get legal guidance from a local lawyer in Dubai. In addition, any form of issue between the buyer and seller shall be notified to the Real Estate Regulatory Agency (RERA) (RERA). Following this advice can assist you in avoiding frauds and hazards.
What kind of taxes and fees will I need to pay?
A decent representation of the costs you’ll find while acquiring a home in Dubai may be seen in the table to the right.
|Dubai Land Department transfer fee||4% plus AED 540 administrative fee|
|Abu Dhabi transfer fee||1% to 2%|
|Registration fees||AED 2,000 for property below AED 500,000|
|Registration fees cont.||AED 4,000 for property above AED 500,000|
|Mortgage registration fee||0.25% of loan + AED 10 fee|
|Mortgage processing fee||Up to 1% of loan amount|
|Estate agency fee||2% of purchase fee|
|Conveyancing fees (where appropriate)||AED 6,000 to AED 10,000|
|Valuation fee||AED 2,500 to AED 3,500|
|Oqood fee, for off-plan properties||4% of purchase price|
|Downpayment||25% of property cost|
2017 as the year of publication Whether you’re buying a home to live in or a property to invest in, Dubai’s streamlined tax structure is the most significant advantage of doing business in the area. When you purchase real estate in Dubai, you’ll be required to pay a one-time fee to cover the cost of land registration. Approximately 4% of the purchase price of your new home will be used for this purpose. Actually, the buyer is responsible for half of the charge, and the seller is responsible for the other half of the fee.
The tax is charged to the land department and must be paid on the day of the transfer of ownership ownership ownership is transferred ownership is transferred ownership In addition to the land registry tax, there is no property tax in Dubai, and you will not be subject to tax if you rent out your home.
How do deposits, down payments, mortgages and bank loans work?
As a matter of fact, the vast majority of potential property owners in Dubai will require a loan or mortgage in order to complete their acquisition.
Choosing a bank
Mortgages and loans may be obtained from virtually any respectable financial institution, however Mashrek, Emirates NBD, and HSBC are some of the most popular choices. While all of these banks are technically willing to lend to foreigners, you may find that you have greater luck at a major multinational bank, such as HSBC, than you would at one of the local institutions. A mortgage or house loan in Dubai should be possible if you have great credit and evidence of a respectable income, according to the final analysis.
If you haven’t already done so, it’s a good idea to understand how to create a bank account in Dubai to get your financial affairs in order.
- Passport (and copies of passport)
- Proof of residency/visas
- Proof of current address
- And other documents. Proof of income in the form of salary certificates
- Bank statements for the previous six months to a year are required.
If you do decide to take out a mortgage, you’ll discover that the most popular payment plan is one that lasts 15 years. In Dubai, the longest length of a mortgage plan that you may obtain is 25 years in duration. If your monthly mortgage payment equals more than 35 percent of your net family income, and the entire amount of your mortgage equals more than 60 times your combined monthly household income, you will be ineligible for a mortgage. If your credit is genuinely exceptional, you may be able to qualify for pre-approval financing from several Dubai-based financial institutions.
Taking out a personal loan in your home country and using the cash to purchase a house in Dubai is a possibility, but it is less popular than you would think.
The majority of international banks are wary of lending money for residential property in what is considered a high-risk real estate market.
Deposits / Down payments
Nonetheless, it is critical to examine how much money you will be required to spend in total at the outset of your buy. The down payment for a property in Dubai is normally 25 percent of the overall price, and some developers selling off-plan properties may need you to put down 100 percent of the whole price right once. That figure may build up to something startling, which is why it’s critical to have a substantial nest fund or to be able to take out a substantial loan in order to purchase your home.
The fact that the sum itself can be so enormous means that keeping the related costs as low as possible will be critical to saving money. After that, you’ll be ready to start looking at properties and plots of land in Dubai. Wishing you the best of success in your home hunt!